Results 1 - 10 of 4641
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[en] An equation describing the dynamics of plasma wave generation by a short intense laser pulse is analyzed to find a relation between the difference in mean-square pulse frequency before and after laser-matter interaction and the electric field amplitude in the wakefield plasma wave generated by the laser pulse. This relation can be effectively used in systems for wakefield diagnostics. The relation is applied to several geometries of interaction between a pulse and an ionizing gas or preformed plasma
[en] In this paper the phase singularities of the electromagnetic field near a sub-wavelength slit are studied. These phase singularities, such as optical vortices, are found in regular patterns, which can be created or annihilated under the conservation of certain topological quantities, when a parameter such as the slit width is changed. The connection between the phase singularities and the light transmission though the slit is considered
[en] We propose and demonstrate the weak measurement scheme to simultaneously measure the amplified angular and spatial contributions to the Goos–Hänchen (GH) and Imbert-Fedorov (IF) shifts, due to transmission through a glass plate. We have studied two cases of post-selection using a polarizer in the first case and a quarter-wave plate (QWP)–polarizer combination in the second case. The two cases are analyzed theoretically using Jones calculus of polarization formalism and the results are verified experimentally. In the first case of post-selection, the projection of the polarizer at away from the crossed position amplifies the angular GH and IF shifts, while in the second case of post-selection, the projection of QWP at and polarizer kept fixed measures the polarization ellipticity in the beam and thus amplifies the spatial shift along with the angular shift simultaneously, for . (paper)
[en] In this paper, the effect of plasmonic nanostructure on behavior of optical bistability and multistability in a four-level quantum system embedded in a unidirectional ring cavity has been studied. It is found that the distance between plasmonic nanostructures and a four-level quantum system is varied from 4.4 nm to 14.4 nm and has an essential role for controlling the threshold of optical bistability and multistability. Moreover, obtained results show that the group velocity of pulse propagation through the medium is strongly depended on the distance between the plasmonic nanostructure and the four-level quantum system.
[en] Light-pulse propagation in angularly dispersive systems is explored in the context of a center-of-mass definition of energy arrival time. In this context the time of travel is given by a superposition of group delays weighted by the spectral content of the pulse. With this description the time of travel from one point to the next for a pulse is found to be completely determined by the spectral content, independent of the state of chirp. The effect of sensor orientation on arrival time is also considered. [copyright] 2001 Optical Society of America
[en] A beamsplitter assembly is disclosed that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting. 10 figs
[en] Transmission through a complex network of nonlinear one-dimensional leads is discussed by extending the stationary scattering theory on quantum graphs to the nonlinear regime. We show that the existence of cycles inside the graph leads to a large number of sharp resonances that dominate scattering. The latter resonances are then shown to be extremely sensitive to the nonlinearity and display multistability and hysteresis. This work provides a framework for the study of light propagation in complex optical networks.
[en] We study a recent experiment [K. Li et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 250401 (2008)] on diffracting a Bose-Einstein condensate by two counterpropagating optical fields. Including the local-field effect, we explain the asymmetric momentum distribution and self-imaging of the Bose-Einstein condensate self-consistently. Moreover, we find that the two counterpropagating optical fields could not produce a perfect optical lattice, which is actually deformed by the local-field effect. Our work implies that the local-field effect could be essential for getting a better quantitative analysis of other optical lattice experiments. In particular, the intensity imbalance of the two optical fields could act as a new means to tailor both cold atom dynamics and light propagation.
[en] We derive a more generally parameterized post-post-Newtonian solution for the light propagation in the gravitational field of one spherically-symmetric body. Based on the solution for the light velocity, we give the formula of the light deflection when both the emitter and receiver are located in the regions far away from the body, which is the most important scenario in the real applications. Our results can be applied to more metric theories of gravitation. (paper)