Results 1 - 10 of 4748
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[en] The study of exoplanetary atmospheres relies on detecting minute changes in the transit depth at different wavelengths. To date, a number of ground- and space-based instruments have been used to obtain transmission spectra of exoplanets in different spectral bands. One common practice is to combine observations from different instruments in order to achieve a broader wavelength coverage. We present here two inconsistent observations of WASP-96 b, one by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and the other by the Very Large Telescope (VLT). We present two key findings in our investigation: (1) a strong water signature is detected via the HST WFC3 observations and (2) a notable offset in transit depth (>1100 ppm) can be seen when the ground-based and space-based observations are combined. The discrepancy raises the question of whether observations from different instruments could indeed be combined. We attempt to align the observations by including an additional parameter in our retrieval studies but are unable to definitively ascertain that the aligned observations are indeed compatible. The case of WASP-96 b signals that compatibility of instruments should not be assumed. While wavelength overlaps between instruments can help, it should be noted that combining data sets remains risky business. The difficulty of combining observations also strengthens the need for next-generation instruments that possess broader spectral coverage.
[en] We propose and demonstrate the weak measurement scheme to simultaneously measure the amplified angular and spatial contributions to the Goos–Hänchen (GH) and Imbert-Fedorov (IF) shifts, due to transmission through a glass plate. We have studied two cases of post-selection using a polarizer in the first case and a quarter-wave plate (QWP)–polarizer combination in the second case. The two cases are analyzed theoretically using Jones calculus of polarization formalism and the results are verified experimentally. In the first case of post-selection, the projection of the polarizer at away from the crossed position amplifies the angular GH and IF shifts, while in the second case of post-selection, the projection of QWP at and polarizer kept fixed measures the polarization ellipticity in the beam and thus amplifies the spatial shift along with the angular shift simultaneously, for . (paper)
[en] In this paper the phase singularities of the electromagnetic field near a sub-wavelength slit are studied. These phase singularities, such as optical vortices, are found in regular patterns, which can be created or annihilated under the conservation of certain topological quantities, when a parameter such as the slit width is changed. The connection between the phase singularities and the light transmission though the slit is considered
[en] An equation describing the dynamics of plasma wave generation by a short intense laser pulse is analyzed to find a relation between the difference in mean-square pulse frequency before and after laser-matter interaction and the electric field amplitude in the wakefield plasma wave generated by the laser pulse. This relation can be effectively used in systems for wakefield diagnostics. The relation is applied to several geometries of interaction between a pulse and an ionizing gas or preformed plasma
[en] In this paper, the effect of plasmonic nanostructure on behavior of optical bistability and multistability in a four-level quantum system embedded in a unidirectional ring cavity has been studied. It is found that the distance between plasmonic nanostructures and a four-level quantum system is varied from 4.4 nm to 14.4 nm and has an essential role for controlling the threshold of optical bistability and multistability. Moreover, obtained results show that the group velocity of pulse propagation through the medium is strongly depended on the distance between the plasmonic nanostructure and the four-level quantum system.
[en] The expressions of the light intensity (Poynting vector) and the transmission coefficient related to counterposition phenomenon are deduced. The counterposition phenomenon in the uniaxial crystal makes no difference to ordinary refraction in terms of energy transport efficiency though it carries the light energy in a different way
[en] Light-pulse propagation in angularly dispersive systems is explored in the context of a center-of-mass definition of energy arrival time. In this context the time of travel is given by a superposition of group delays weighted by the spectral content of the pulse. With this description the time of travel from one point to the next for a pulse is found to be completely determined by the spectral content, independent of the state of chirp. The effect of sensor orientation on arrival time is also considered. [copyright] 2001 Optical Society of America
[en] A beamsplitter assembly is disclosed that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting. 10 figs