Results 1 - 10 of 3061
Results 1 - 10 of 3061. Search took: 0.028 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] To compare and describe the time to endocrine remission and new hypopituitarism among patients with growth hormone (GH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenomas after radiosurgery, controlling for several known prognostic factors.
[en] Highlights: • Cav-1 knockdown promoted the expression of miR-145, miR-124 and miR-183. • Cav-1 knockdown inhibited the nuclear translocation of EGR1. • Cav-1 knockdown reduced the interaction between EGR1 and KLF5. • Free KLF5 positively regulated the expression of miR-145, miR-124 and miR-183. • miR-145, miR-124 and miR-183 reduced pituitary adenoma cells migration and invasion. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a principal structural protein of caveolae. Cav-1 has been implicated in cancer progression, but its precise functional roles in pituitary adenoma cells remain largely unclear. In this study, we evidenced that the level of cav-1 was elevated in the invasive pituitary adenoma. Cav-1 knockdown restrained the migration and invasion of pituitary adenoma cells. In cav-1-depleting cells, the expression of miR-145, miR-124 and miR-183 were up-regulated. Further investigation showed that cav-1 knockdown inhibited the nuclear translocation of EGR1, reducing the interaction between EGR1 and KLF5. The resulting free KLF5 promoted the expression of miR-145, miR-124 and miR-183 by binding to their promoters, which was blocked by EGR1. Luciferase reporter assay indicated that miR-145 targeted FSCN1, miR-124 targeted PTTG1IP, and miR-183 targeted EZR in pituitary adenoma cells, respectively. Knockdown of FSCN1, PTTG1IP or EZR suppressed the migration and invasion of pituitary adenoma cells. In conclusion, our data suggested that the elevated cav-1 promoted pituitary adenoma cells migration and invasion by regulating the interaction between EGR1 and KLF5.
[en] To analyze factors associated with post–stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) hypopituitarism among radiation-naïve patients with pituitary adenomas who underwent single-fraction SRS between 2007 and 2014.
[en] VEGF is one of the key drivers of physiological or pathological angiogenesis hence several VEGF inhibitors are in different stages of clinical development. To further dissect the role of VEGF in different stages of tumor progression in lung tumors, we utilized KrasG12D-LSL GEMMs (genetically engineered mouse models). Intranasal delivery of adenoviruses expressing cre recombinase in KrasG12D-LSL mice results in the expression of mutant Kras that leads to development of tumor lesions ranging from adenomatous hyperplasia to large adenoma and adenocarcinoma over time in lung. In the current study, we treated KrasG12D-LSL mice at 14 weeks post inhalation with three different angiogenic inhibitors including axitinib and PF-00337210 both of which are selective inhibitors of VEGFR and sunitinib which targets VEGFR, C-SF1-R, PDGFR and KIT. Pathology findings showed no significant difference in percentage of adenomatous hyperplastic lesions between the vehicle vs. any of the treatments suggesting that angiogenesis may not play a major role at early stages of tumorigenesis. However, each inhibitor suppressed percentage of benign adenoma lesions and almost fully inhibited growth of adenocarcinoma lesions in the recipients which was consistent with a reduction in tumor vasculature. Treatment with sunitinib which is a multi-targeted RTKI did not provide any advantage compared to selective VEGFR inhibitor further emphasizing role of VEGF in tumor angiogenesis in this model. Overall, our studies indicate significance of VEGF and angiogenesis in a spontaneous model of lung tumorigenesis and provide a proof of mechanism for anti-cancer activity of VEGF inhibitors in this model
[en] Brown tumors are an uncommon entity associated with hyperparathyroidism. Initially described with primary hyperparathyroidism, with the widespread use of dialysis, they were also seen to be associated with secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. These are lytic, expansile lesions causing bony pains, and depending on the size and extent, skeletal dysmorphism. The present case illustrates the detection of parathyroid adenoma with multiple brown tumors on 99mTc-sestamibi parathyroid scintigraphy in a patient presenting with facial dysmorphism and multiple bony pains.
[en] Multiple colorectal adenomas (MCRAs) syndrome is a genetic syndrome characterized by multiple colorectal polyps. Patients usually present late in late fourth or fifth decade of life. They have a high risk for developing malignancy. We here present such case of a 61-year-old man with MCRAs who developed malignant degeneration of multiple colorectal polyps, which was demonstrated on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography–computed tomography.
[en] Authors have observed a rare case of adenoameloblastoma in panagram and topographic occlusal film of the maxillary anterior region of 15 year old female and obtained the following conclusions: 1. Adenoameloblastoma commonly occurred in lst and 2nd decade of life. 2. The incidence of the lesion is higher in the female than in the male. 3. The incidence of the lesion is higher in the maxilla(especially canine region) than in the mandible. 4. The tumor is often related to an unerupted tooth. 5. The tumor resembled adentigerous cyst but calcified bodies and clusters appeared in the cystic cavity that showed radiopaque in the roentgenograms