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[en] This study shows the daily distribution density of the Passer domesticus x P.hispaniolensis in three plots in Boudouaou.This investigation was conducted during two months (April, May) in 2003. This period of time corresponds to the growing up and maturation of Hordeum vulgare L. During April, the average of hybrid sparrows found in plots 1, 2 and 3 is 50.77, 36.10 and 17. 24 respectively. The same trend was also observed in May. During the period of study, it is found that the number of sparrows identified in the three plots, was higher in the morning than what it was in the afternoon. (author)
[en] During the 2007 breeding season, the population of Yellow-legged Gull in the region of Jijel has experienced a growth of 4,06% from 1978. The annual average increaseλ observed is 1,02 for Grand Cavallo Island and 1,10 for Petit Cavallo Island. The mean density of Yellow-legged Gull for one coastal kilometer is 18, 4 pairs. Nests installation of Yellow-legged Gull is early and staggered at the traditional nesting sites, namely Grand and Petit Cavallo Islands. In contrast, it is quite late and synchronous at Grand Cavallo and the cliffs of Pointe Thamakrent. Yellow-legged Gulls in the region of Jijel have a large growing population, including the colonization of new nesting sites. (author)
[en] The time series of monthly rainfall during 51 years of observations (from 1967 until 2018) for 24 stations in Soummam watershed of Algeria were analyzed for trends and aridity state of the area. The choice of the Weibull distribution law was justified by comparing the fitting of different probability distributions law used in literature reviews. This paper proposed a new imputation algorithm to fill missing climate data, based on the optimization of some regression methods, which are hot deck, k-nearest-neighbors imputation, weighted k-nearest-neighbors imputation, multiple imputation, linear regression and simple average method. The choice of these methods was justified by qualitative and quantitative statistical tests analysis. However, the reliability of obtained results depends mainly on percentage of missing data, choice of neighboring stations and data missingness mechanism, which should be missing at random.
[en] Pursuant to Section 28 of the Agreement between the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Algeria and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Supply of a Research Reactor from the Republic of Argentina, which entered into force provisionally on 23 February 1989, the Agreement entered into force definitively on 9 April 1990, the date on which the Agency received from the Government of Algeria written notification that the statutory and constitutional requirements of the Government of Algeria for the entry into force had been met.
[en] On behalf of Mr Chakib Khelil, Minister of Energy and Mining, I would like to congratulate the Chinese authorities for their warm hospitality and excellent organization of the work of this important conference, in which he regrets being unable to participate owing to prior engagements. The Algerian delegation would also like to take this opportunity of expressing its appreciation to the co-organizers - the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency - for this highly useful discussion on the challenges of nuclear energy. As highlighted by the Chinese Vice Premier at the opening session and all the speakers, including the Director General of the IAEA and the Secretary-General of the OECD, nuclear energy is a credible and sustainable alternative not only to meet growing electricity needs up to 2030 and beyond, but also to preserve the environment and fossil fuels. Algeria's move towards renewable energy and nuclear energy is part of this global energy transition phase, which has led it to favour strongly sustainable energy development based on diversification of national energy supply, taking into account its uranium reserves and its renewable energy potential. This national energy mix policy involves renewable energy reaching 10% of national electricity output by 2020, in addition to nuclear power with the commissioning of a nuclear power plant expected in 2025. In this context, priority is given to training of human resources, R and D and local integration as regards equipment and services. This strategy has been fully integrated into the socio-economic development programmes adopted by the Algerian Government which focus on the following main areas: Development and conservation of hydrocarbon resources; Development of the use of natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas, which are less polluting energy sources that are widely available in Algeria, to reduce reliance on petroleum products; Promotion of renewable energy, particularly solar energy, and energy efficiency; Reinvigoration of the civil nuclear sector in the field of energy applications for electricity generation, and non-energy applications for health, agriculture, water resources, industry, the environment, etc.; Use of energy resources as an industrialization factor. A legal framework has been put in place for renewable energy development, a field that is open to the private sector. This includes: The law on energy management, establishing a National Energy Management Fund; The law on electricity and gas distribution through pipelines, which provides for a subsidy on the price of electricity generated from renewable energy sources to the order of 300%; and The law on the promotion of renewable energy within the framework of sustainable development. The development of renewable energy and nuclear power is furthered by the density of the electricity grid and its interconnection at regional level and with networks in Europe and the Middle East. Algeria is working actively, in close collaboration with Tunisia and Morocco, towards finalization of the project on the progressive integration of the Maghreb electricity market into the EU market. This will eventually allow the marketing of electricity at regional level and on the EU market. In the nuclear sphere, the restructuring of the Atomic Energy Commission (COMENA) and the strengthening of its four nuclear research centres in Algiers, Draria, Birine and Tamanrasset is envisaged under a draft nuclear law. This draft law, which was finalized with the help of the IAEA, is being reviewed by legislative institutions. It provides for two authorities - one for promotion and development and the other for nuclear safety. IAEA technical assistance for strengthening national capabilities is being provided in the field of energy planning, preparation for the introduction of nuclear power in due course and use of nuclear techniques for seawater desalination. As regards renewable energy, certain achievements deserve to be highlighted on this occasion. The Algerian company NEAL is developing a hybrid solar/gas electricity generation plant in the south of the country with a capacity of 150 MW - 34.3 MW from solar thermal energy - which will be operational in 2010. Moreover, 18 solar villages have also been successfully electrified, benefiting over 1000 homes in the provinces of the high plateaus and the south of the country. In conclusion, the implementation of the national energy mix programme will result in a progressive growth in renewable energy and nuclear power. The objective of this option, which is supported by the Algerian Government, is on the one hand to meet the growing national energy needs of the population and industry. On the other hand, it aims to revitalize international cooperation with a view to achieving the Millennium Development Goals through better access to nuclear energy and non-energy applications for the purposes of preservation of the environment and nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, which will promote peace and security for all. Thank you.
[en] This paper deals with the programme of nuclear desalination of seawater in Algeria. It starts by giving actual data about the needs of Algeria of fresh water up to the year 2025 and presents the strategies, which are adopted to satisfy these needs by various techniques including nuclear desalination of seawater. Finally the application of nuclear seawater desalination is presented in more details. (author)
Amendment of Article VI.A.1 of the Statute. Draft resolution proposed by Australia, Austria, Bulgaria, Canada, China, the Federal Republic of Germany, France, the German Democratic Republic, Hungary, India, Japan, Mexico. Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Romania, Thailand, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America and Yugoslavia