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[en] These guidelines were prepared with direction from the US Department of Energy (DOE) Transuranic (TRU) Waste Management Program in support of the DOE effort to certify that newly generated TRU wastes meet the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Waste Acceptance Criteria. The guidelines provide instructions for generic Certification Program preparation for TRU-waste generators preparing site-specific Certification Programs in response to WIPP requirements. The guidelines address all major aspects of a Certification Program that are necessary to satisfy the WIPP Waste Acceptance Criteria and their associated Compliance Requirements and Certification Quality Assurance Requirements. The details of the major element of a Certification Program, namely, the Certification Plan, are described. The Certification Plan relies on supporting data and control documentation to provide a traceable, auditable account of certification activities. Examples of specific parts of the Certification Plan illustrate the recommended degree of detail. Also, a brief description of generic waste processes related to certification activities is included
[en] Alpha activity in wastes must be measured accurately before their disposal. SGN, working jointly with the CEA, has developed a range of equipment designed to meet the different needs of the waste generators. The analytical techniques exploit the properties of different alpha emitters, with the knowledge that these alpha particles themselves are not detectable because of their short paths in materials. One method, passive measurement by gamma scanning, consists in detecting the gamma radiation emitted by certain isotopes. A second method, passive neutron measurement, is based on the detection of the neutrons emitted during the spontaneous fission of even-numbered isotopes. A third method, active measurement by neutron interrogation, induces the fission of uneven-numbered isotopes of the contaminant by means of an external neutron source, and detects the neutron or gamma radiation caused by this fission
[en] This paper discusses the current situation in the fabrication plant at Cadarache with an annual plutonium throughput of several tons. Three major fabrication byproduct categories are defined in this plant: 1) scraps, directly recycled at the fabrication input station; 2) residues, byproducts recycled by chemical processes, or processed in washing and incineration stations; 3) wastes, placed in drums and evacuated directly to a waste conditioning station. The borderline between residues and wastes has yet to be precisely determined
[en] This paper presents data from the major Department of Energy (DOE) sites that will generate 92% of all Transuranic (TRU) waste during the next five years. Forecasts are given for three kinds of activities. They include production, decontamination and decommissioning (D and D), and research and development. The major production activities and locations are described, and forecasts are given for each one. This report further describes the type and amount of waste forms that will be generated. The expected trends for the categories are presented, and possible areas for reducing waste generation are given
[en] Each content code uniquely identifies the generated waste and provides a system for tracking theprocess and packaging history. Each content code begins with a two-letter site abbreviation that designates the physical location of the RH-TRU waste. The site-specific letter designations for eachof the DOE sites are provided in Table 2. All TRU waste generating/storage sites are included in Table 2 for completeness. Not all of the sites listed in Table 2 have generated/stored RH-TRU waste.
[en] QC sample results (daily background check drums and 100-gram standard) were within acceptance criteria established by WIPPs Quality Assurance objectives for TRU Waste characterization. Replicate run was performed on the following drums LL85234292 and LL85101617. Replicate measurement results are acceptable at the 95% confidence level as established by WIPP criteria.
[en] This document describes payload control at LLNL to ensure that all shipments of CH-TRU waste in the TRUPACT-II (Transuranic Package Transporter-II) meet the requirements of the TRUPACT-II SARP (safety report for packaging). This document also provides specific instructions for the selection of authorized payloads once individual payload containers are qualified for transport. The physical assembly of the qualified payload and operating procedures for the use of the TRUPACT-II, including loading and unloading operations, are described in HWM Procedure No. 204, based on the information in the TRUPACT-II SARP. The LLNL TRAMPAC, along with the TRUPACT-II operating procedures contained in HWM Procedure No. 204, meet the documentation needs for the use of the TRUPACT-II at LLNL. Table 14-1 provides a summary of the LLNL waste generation and certification procedures as they relate to TRUPACT-II payload compliance