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[en] In a series of 56 cases of non-invasive bladder tumours there was a 61.8% recurrence rate after endoscopic treatment. In 29 cases a trial of prophylactic, very low dose (750 rad) radiotherapy was given; this was administered within a few days of the primary treatment. Twenty-seven cases received no radiotherapy. Over follow-up periods of 2 to 5 years there were recurrences in 12 of the irradiated group compared with 11 out of the 27 controls. (author)
[en] Idiopathic inflammatory myositis is characterized by rapidly progressive, symmetric weakness of the muscles that produce severe disability. In the majority of these patients, myositis appears to be a paraneoplastic feature associated with cancer. Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography has been increasingly used in the detection and evaluation of occult malignancy responsible for the paraneoplastic syndromes.
[en] Planned pre-operative irradiation and cystectomy for selected patients with bladder cancer was initiated approximately 20 years ago by a number of centres on the basis of the disappointing end results of treatment of bladder cancer by either irradiation or surgery and the empirical hope that the combination might lead to better results. This is a brief review of the logical basis for integrated treatment and of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) experience with such therapy. (author)
[en] Variceal bleeding is an unusual complication of ileal conduits. We report a case in which recurrent stomal variceal hemorrhage from an ileal conduit for bladder cancer was successfully treated by percutaneous transhepatic obliteration (PTO) using microcoils and N-butyl cyanoacrylate. Therefore, PTO can be one treatment option to prevent recurrent stomal variceal bleeding from ileal conduits.
[en] The case presents the patient with a diagnosis of bladder carcinosarcoma. He was diagnosed 42 years after adjuvant middle abdominal and pelvic radiotherapy for testicular seminoma. We discuss the problem of late toxicity of oncology treatment in patients with potentially curative germ cell tumors of testes together with diagnosis and treatment of patients with bladder carcinoma and carcinosarcoma. (author)
[en] Seminal vesicle abscess is a very rare pathological entity. Because of its non-specific clinical symptoms, clinical diagnosis is often ambiguous, and several imaging modalities, including ultrasound, computed tomography and MRI may be necessary. (author). 14 refs.; 2 figs
[en] The estimation of bladder volume by electrical impedance tomography is a promising technology to provide continuous volume estimates to patients who suffer from impaired bladder volume sensory. To find an optimized electrode arrangement for electrical impedance tomography of the human bladder, seven different electrode arrangements have been analysed using a finite element model. The arrangements under consideration can be assigned to three general groups: ring arrangements, linear arrangements and matrix arrangements. For each arrangement in these three groups, the condition of the Jacobian matrix and the global impedance for several bladder volumes has been calculated and compared using the EIDORS toolkit.