Results 1 - 10 of 249
Results 1 - 10 of 249. Search took: 0.019 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] Gas-permeable polymeric membranes containing carboxyl groups which are suitable for enzyme immobilization were investigated in order to use them as gas electrode membranes in biosensors. Carboxylated polyurethane (CPU) was synthesized via a reaction between 2,2-bis(hydroxymethyl)propionic acid as a chain extender and prepolymers prepared from polycarprolactone (Mn=2,000) and 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocynate. It was difficult to prepare membranes from the pure CPU because of its high elasticity and cohesion. However, transparent free-standing membranes were easily prepared from the blend solutions of CPU and carboxylated poly(vinyl chloride) (CPVC) in tetrahydrofuran. Both elasticity and cohesion of the CPU/CPVC membranes were decreased with increasing the content of CPVC. DSC experiment suggests that CPU and CPVC may be well mixed. Permeability coefficients for O2 and CO2 (PO2 and PCO2) in the membranes increased as the proportion of CPU increased. The addition of dioctyl phthalate (DOP), a plasticizer, significantly enhanced the PO2 and PCO2 which were 4.4 and 30 Barrer, respectively, in the CPU/CPVC (80/20 wt/wt) membranes containing 20% of DOP at 25 .deg. C and 100 psi. Thus this type of membranes may have a potential for the use as gas electrode membranes in biosensors
[en] A radioenzymatic assay for measurement of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is described, based on the incubation of L-[3H]tyrosine (10(6) cpm, spec. acty. 1.88 Ci/mol) in the presence of the apoenzyme tyrosine decarboxylase (EC 126.96.36.199) from Streptococcus faecalis and PLP in phosphate buffer (0.1 mol/L, pH 5.5) at 37 degrees C for 60 min. The decarboxylated metabolite formed, [3H]tyramine, was selectively extracted into ethyl acetate, and the tritium radioactivity in the sample was determined by liquid scintillation counting. As little as 0.5 nmol of PLP can be detected per liter. The assay is specific, no cross reactivity having been noted for several compounds closely related to PLP. With this we could directly measure the concentrations of PLP in plasma without prior deproteinization and ether washing of the samples. Using the assay to determine plasma concentrations of PLP in healthy adult populations, we found results that were comparable with previously reported data
[en] Highlights: → Aspirin-induced AMPK phosphorylation was greater in VSMC from SHR than WKY. → Aspirin-induced AMPK phosphorylation inhibited proliferation of VSMC from SHR. → Low basal AMPK phosphorylation in SHR elicits increased VSMC proliferation. → Inhibition of AMPK restored decreased VSMC proliferation by aspirin in SHR. → Aspirin exerts anti-proliferative effect through AMPK activation in VSMC from SHR. -- Abstract: Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), used to reduce risk of cardiovascular disease, plays an important role in the regulation of cellular proliferation. However, mechanisms responsible for aspirin-induced growth inhibition are not fully understood. Here, we investigated whether aspirin may exert therapeutic effects via AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from wistar kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Aspirin increased AMPK and acetyl-CoA carboxylase phosphorylation in a time- and dose-dependent manner in VSMCs from WKY and SHR, but with greater efficacy in SHR. In SHR, a low basal phosphorylation status of AMPK resulted in increased VSMC proliferation and aspirin-induced AMPK phosphorylation inhibited proliferation of VSMCs. Compound C, an AMPK inhibitor, and AMPK siRNA reduced the aspirin-mediated inhibition of VSMC proliferation, this effect was more pronounced in SHR than in WKY. In VSMCs from SHR, aspirin increased p53 and p21 expression and inhibited the expression of cell cycle associated proteins, such as p-Rb, cyclin D, and cyclin E. These results indicate that in SHR VSMCs aspirin exerts anti-proliferative effects through the induction of AMPK phosphorylation.
[en] In natural medium, it has been comparatively studied the activities of the enzymes of carboanhydrase (CA, CF 188.8.131.52), phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC, CF 184.108.40.206) and ribulose 1.5-bisphosphate carboxylase (RBPC, CF 220.127.116.11) in the leaves during active growth of ontogenesis of plants of ordinary bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), of which seeds irradiated at 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 200, 300 and 400 Gy doses (irradiation rate was p=0.19 Gy/sec). It has been established that CA and RBPC enzymes in the studied plants exhibit similar activity under radiation exposure. The enzyme PEPC has a low catalytic activity due to the photosynthesis mechanism of the plants.
[en] New liquid-crystalline biphenyl carboxylates with an achiral swallow-tail derived from 1,3-dialkoxy-2- propanol [(ROCH2)2CHOH] where R is methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, CH2CF3, and CH2CF2CF3 were prepared. These achiral liquid crystals having 1,3-dialkoxy-2-propyl moieties exhibit diverse phase sequences [I-SmA- (SmC)-(SmCalt)-Cr] depending on the substituent R group of the swallow-tail. The compounds carrying a fluorinated swallow-tail exhibit antiferroelectric-like smectic C phases, and their temperature ranges are broader than the corresponding non-fluorinated swallow-tailed ones
[en] The effects of UVB radiation on the growth of two cultivars of Japanese lowland rice (Oryza sativa L.), Sasanishiki and Norin 1, were examined in a phytotron. Supplementation of visible radiation with UVB radiation reduced plant length, tiller number, the fresh and dry weights of the aboveground parts of plants, an the amounts of total leaf nitrogen, chlorophyll, soluble protein and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) in the eight leaf, the youngest fully expanded leaf. By contrast, UVB radiation significantly increased the accumulation of UV-absorbing compounds. There was a difference between the two cultivars in the resistance to the effects of UVB radiation. The reduction in the amounts of Rubisco was smaller in Sasanishiki, while the increase in the accumulation of UV-absorbing compounds was greater in Sasanishiki. Parameters of plant growth, with the exception of the amount of Rubisco, decreased in direct proportion to decreases in total leaf nitrogen in plants grown under lower or the Rubisco content of Norin 1 grown under a high dose of UVB radiation was exceptionally marked, and was not observed similarly in Sasanishiki. The results suggest that the remarkable reduction in rubisco content in NOrin 1 might have been due to the specific effects of UVB radiation. It is also suggested that the difference between cultivars in the resistance to UVB radiation might be due to the differences in the levels of Rubisco and in UV-absorbing compounds that are induced by UVB radiation