Results 1 - 10 of 461
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[en] This book mentions the order of plant construction, building plant and related regulations, basic engineering design data, provide of equipment, plan and management on building plant, quality control, the budget and contract for building plant, public works for building chemical plant like road construction, basic plan and building for a chemical plant, introduction and principle on foundation improvement method, including pile foundation and design for footing, construction and installation for a chemical plant and a rotary machine for a chemical plant.
[en] This book describes design of chemical plant, which includes chemical engineer and plan for chemical plant, development of chemical process, cost engineering pattern, design and process development, general plant construction plan, project engineering, foundation for economy on assets and depreciation, estimation for cost on capital investment and manufacturing cost, design with computers optimal design and method like fluid mechanics design chemical device and estimation for cost, such as dispatch of material and device writing on design report and appendixes.
[en] Shell Chemical (Houston), already far and away the largest producer of ethoxylates in North America (with about one-third of total capacity), will debottleneck ethoxylation units at its Geismar, LA complex. The expansion, which will take place in stages through 1994, will add about 180 million lbs/year to the site's 600-million lbs/year capacity. The company also has 40 million lbs/year of specialty ethoxylation capacity at Reserve, LA. The cost of the expansion was not disclosed. With the announcement, and despite a raft of projects and ventures in other regions, Shell becomes the third major ethoxylate producer in the US to commit to expansions in the near future, Union Carbide (Danbury, CT) will be adding 55 million lbs/year of ethoxylates capacity to its current 200 million lbs/year by the middle of this year, while Hoechst Celanese (Dallas) will more than quadruple its capacity by the end of the year, adding 176 million lbs/year to its present 55 million lbs/year
[en] Compliance with applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) is a key element of successful cleanup activities at environmental restoration sites. A number of ARAR issues were raised during the, planning, assessment, and implementation of restoration activities at a US Department of Energy (DOE) mixed waste site in Missouri. Resolutions were developed for issues ranging from storage time requirements to land disposal restrictions. This paper discusses ARAR issues and resolutions
[en] The present paper provides a game theoretic analysis of strategic cooperation on safety and security among chemical companies within a chemical industrial cluster. We suggest a two-stage sequential move game between adjacent chemical plants and the so-called Multi-Plant Council (MPC). The MPC is considered in the game as a leader player who makes the first move, and the individual chemical companies are the followers. The MPC's objective is to achieve full cooperation among players through establishing a subsidy system at minimum expense. The rest of the players rationally react to the subsidies proposed by the MPC and play Nash equilibrium. We show that such a case of conflict between safety and security, and social cooperation, belongs to the 'coordination with assurance' class of games, and we explore the role of cluster governance (fulfilled by the MPC) in achieving a full cooperative outcome in domino effects prevention negotiations. The paper proposes an algorithm that can be used by the MPC to develop the subsidy system. Furthermore, a stepwise plan to improve cross-company safety and security management in a chemical industrial cluster is suggested and an illustrative example is provided.
[en] After an overview about the criteria of odour nuisance in different technical laws, about electronic noses analysers and about dynamic olfactometry, in the present paper the authors describe an application of dynamic olfactometry in combination with the determinations of electronic noses. The coordination of the two approaches permits optimisation of the advantages offered by both methods to the measurable and objective evaluation of the odour nuisance from waste treatment plants and chemical plants
[en] This book deals with design and construction for a chemical plant which includes design and building of steel structure for a chemical plant with types, basic regulation, plan, shop fabrication for steel structure and field construction. It explains design and construction of making building for a chemical construction with measurement, types of building and basic rule of the building, design of the building, constructing plumbing for a chemical plant with plan, management of material, checking for construction, construction of electrical installation on plan, know-how to construction and maintenance.
[en] A computerised gamma scanning facilities for on-line investigation of industrial process columns and vessels has been developed by the Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia). The technology, based on the principle of gamma-ray absorption, has been successfully applied for real-time troubleshooting, process investigation and predictive maintenance of a number of distillation columns and process vessels in petroleum refineries, gas processing plants and chemical plants in the country and the surrounding region. This paper outlines basic characteristics of the system and describes the inspection procedures, and in addition, presents a number of case studies. The case studies are purposely chosen to illustrate the versatility of the technology, and furthermore to demonstrate the economic benefits which can be realised from the application of this technology. (Author)
[en] This report presents generic cost curves for several equipment types generated using ICARUS Process Evaluator. The curves give Purchased Equipment Cost as a function of a capacity variable. This work was performed to assist NETL engineers and scientists in performing rapid, order of magnitude level cost estimates or as an aid in evaluating the reasonableness of cost estimates submitted with proposed systems studies or proposals for new processes. The specific equipment types contained in this report were selected to represent a relatively comprehensive set of conventional chemical process equipment types
[en] The main purpose of this research is to develop a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer that is small enough to be held in the palm of a hand. Such an instrument could be used in many applications of importance to DOE as well as to industry. These applications would include in-field characterization of contaminants, monitoring and analysis of chemical processes in chemical plants and other environmental monitoring applications. In addition to having drastically reduced size and cost, a miniature NMR instrument would be ideally suited for chemical analysis of volume limited samples which frequently occur in biological, medical and drug development applications