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[en] The service hospital at Leh is a multispeciality hospital situated at an altitude of 11000 feet above mean sea level. On the nights of 4 and 5 Aug 2010, Leh was struck by a cloudburst leading to mudslides and consequently extensive damage to life and property. Being the only functional hospital, over a period of about 48 hours, 331 casualties were received. 549 casualties were received over the week with 108 admissions, 16 major surgeries and 138 minor surgeries. 178 radiographs, 17 CT scans and 09 ultrasound-colour Doppler examinations were performed on an urgent basis over 48 hours apart from the routine radiological investigations. Apart from chronicling the event, we hope that sharing the unique experience of the Radiology Department in dealing with the large influx of patients would provide an insight into the role of Radiology during the disaster and help in planning and developing management protocols during other calamities
[en] Introduction: Recent years have seen significant changes in the way medical imaging services are delivered, rapid changes in technology and big increases in the number and ranges of examinations undertaken. Given these changes the study aimed to critically evaluate the fitness for purpose of newly qualified diagnostic radiography. Method: The study employed a grounded theory approach to analyse the interviews of 20 radiology managers from a range of medical imaging providers across the UK. Results: Four key themes emerged from the analysis. These were: curriculum content and structure review; diversification in the role of the radiographer; professionalism and coping and the reformation of career structures. Conclusion: The results indicate the role of the radiographer is now in a state of flux and challenge radiology managers and educators to design curricula and career structures which are better matched the role of the radiographer in the very rapidly changing technological, organisational and social contexts of modern society. - Highlights: • Imaging services have undergone many changes in recent years. • The role of the radiographer is now in a state of flux. • The role of the radiographer varies greatly between employers. • There is a need to develop curricula and career structure's which match roles. • Graduates must be excellent communicators, resilient and have realistic expectations.
[en] The development of highly efficient electrocatalysts for water splitting is critical for various renewable-energy technologies. In this letter, we demonstrate a cobalt phosphide nanowire array grown on a Ti mesh (CoP/TM) behaving as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for water splitting. The CoP/TM electrode delivers 10 mA cm−2 at an overpotential of 72 mV for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and 310 mV for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in 1.0 M KOH. Furthermore, its corresponding two-electrode alkaline electrolyzer displays 10 mA cm−2 at 1.64 V. (letter)
[en] The ambulatory measurement of ground reaction force (GRF) and human motion under free-living conditions is convenient, inexpensive and never restricted to gait analysis in a laboratory environment and is therefore much desired by researchers and clinical doctors in biomedical applications. A wearable force plate system was developed by integrating small triaxial force sensors and three-dimensional (3D) inertial sensors for estimating dynamic triaxial GRF in biomechanical applications. The system, in comparison to existent systems, is characterized by being lightweight, thin and easy-to-wear. A six-axial force sensor (Nitta Co., Japan) was used as a verification measurement device to validate the static accuracy of the developed force plate. To evaluate the precision during dynamic gait measurements, we compared the measurements of the triaxial GRF and the center of pressure (CoP) by using the developed system with the reference measurements made using a stationary force plate and an optical motion analysis system. The root mean square (RMS) differences of the two transverse components (x- and y-axes) and the vertical component (z-axis) of the GRF were 4.3 ± 0.9 N, 6.0 ± 1.3 N and 12.1 ± 1.1 N, respectively, corresponding to 5.1 ± 1.1% and 6.5 ± 1% of the maximum of each transverse component and 1.3 ± 0.2% of the maximum vertical component of GRF. The RMS distance between the two systems' CoP traces was 3.2 ± 0.8 mm, corresponding to 1.2 ± 0.3% of the length of the shoe. Moreover, based on the results of the assessment of the influence of the system on natural gait, we found that gait was almost never affected. Therefore, the wearable system as an alternative device can be a potential solution for measuring CoP and triaxial GRF in non-laboratory environments
[en] Highlights: • Experimental investigations of a commercial DAR refrigerator are carried out. • A detailed steady state simulation model of the DAR is developed using Aspen-Plus. • The refrigerator model is validated using the experimental measurements. - Abstract: Experimental investigations and numerical simulations of a low capacity commercial diffusion-absorption refrigerator (DAR) in stationary mode are carried out. The tests are performed under different heat input conditions. Optimal operation of the DAR refrigerator is reached with a power supply of 46 W at a generator temperature of 167 °C, corresponding to a coefficient of performance () of 0.159. Numerical simulations of the refrigerator using a model developed with the commercial flow-sheeting Aspen-Plus software are also perfomed. The computer model is validated by comparing its predictions with experimental data for three generator heat supply rates: 46 W, 56 W and 67 W. Deviations between model predictions and experimental measurements in terms of cooling capacity and coefficient of performance are less than 1%. The proposed model could be very useful to predict the functioning of the commercial diffusion-absorption refrigerator under steady state regime.
[en] Highlights: •The performance of an ejector-expansion R410A air conditioner is measured. •The effect of ejector geometries on the COP and CSPF is analyzed. •The mixing-section diameter of the ejector is optimized based on the CSPF. •The mixing-section diameter is optimized based on the climatic conditions. -- Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of ejector geometries on the performance of an ejector-expansion air conditioner (EEAC) considering the cooling seasonal performance factor (CSPF). The performance of the EEAC using R410A was measured and analyzed by varying the compressor speed, outdoor-bin temperature, operating pressures, nozzle-throat diameter, and mixing-section diameter. The EEAC in the medium-capacity mode exhibited maximum coefficient of performance (COP) improvement, i.e., 7.5%, over the baseline (conventional) cycle. The optimum mixing-section diameter was determined to be 9 mm based on the CSPF. In addition, the optimum mixing-section diameter increased with an increase in the annual average outdoor temperature. The CSPF of the EEAC with the optimized mixing-section diameter improved in the range of 16.0–20.3% over the baseline cycle depending on the climatic conditions.
[en] Highlights: • The performance of an R410A air-conditioner adopting a DEEC. • The effects of operating parameters on the COP and CSPF. • Optimized mixing section diameter of the ejector. • The maximum limit of the entrainment ratio (ER). - Abstract: Even though a dual evaporator ejector cycle (DEEC) offers several advantages over a standard two-phase ejector cycle, few experimental investigations of the performance of the DEEC are available in the literature. This study presents the performance characteristics of an R410A air-conditioner adopted with a DEEC under various operating conditions and ejector geometries. The COP of the DEEC decreased with an increase in entrainment ratio (ER) due to the decrease in pressure lifting ratio. For the optimum ER, the effectiveness of the DEEC increased with an increase in compressor speed with a larger total mass flow rate. The optimum mixing section diameter was determined to be 5 mm based on the cooling seasonal performance factor (CSPF) and CSPFbin of the DEEC. The maximum allowable limit for the ER was also suggested to be 0.3. In addition, the CSPF of the DEEC was 6.3% higher than that of the baseline cycle at an ER of 0.1.
[en] Highlights: • Cobalt-phosphide nanosheet hybrid is first prepared by electrochemical technology. • The morphological transformation is achieved by in-situ potentiostatic activation. • The transformation allows for maximally exposed active sites and high conductivity. • The hybrid exhibits an excellent HER activity in strong alkaline solution (pH 14). We first report a novel cobalt-phosphide (Co-P) hybrid with flake-like structure by a facile one-step electrodeposition combined with in-situ potentiostatic activation technique. Exotic microstructure transformation of Co-P hybrid from microspheres to nanosheets has been noted during the activation process. The Co-P catalyst exhibits striking kinetic metrics with an overpotential of 85 mV (at 10 mA cm–2) and Tafel slope of 37 mV dec–1, performing among the best of all the HER catalysts in strong alkaline media (at pH 14). This study offers a new in-situ approach to optimize catalytic materials for high-performance electrocatalysts towards energy-related applications.
[en] The Water Resources Program at the IAEA uses a powerful tool, isotope hydrology, that aids in coping with water scarcity. IAEA scientists are convinced that if we understand how to manage water efficiently, there will be sufficient renewable and non-renewable water sources for meet global needs
[en] The influence of deposition parameters on the structure and magnetic properties of CoP/Cu composite wires had been studied systematically in this paper. These parameters hold a significant effect on the surface topography, coating composition, deposition rate, magnetic properties and giant magnetoimpedance (GMI) effect of the composite wires. The CoP/Cu composite wire is layered clearly, the coating is uniform and the soft magnetic properties is excellent, the largest value of field sensitivity (ξ) is 195%/Oe and the maximum GMI ratio is 902%, which is the highest GMI value of the CoP composites materials so far. This result will be great significance for further study of the application of magnetic sensors. (paper)