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[en] The pinning of grain interfaces plays an important role in determining the coercivity of nanocomposite magnets. Here, based on pinning effect, a simple model was proposed to correlate the pinning strength with microstructural parameters. A structural factor K has been used to describe the contribution of the phase composition and grain size of hard and soft phases to pinning strength. The model can be used to estimate the pinning strength of nanocomposite magnets, which is important for the design and fabrication of nanocomposite magnets with high coercivity.
[en] An identification technique for the parameters of phenomenological models of hysteresis is presented. The basic idea of our technique is to set up a system of equations for the parameters of the model as a function of known quantities on the major or minor hysteresis loops (e.g. coercive force, susceptibilities at various points, remanence), or other magnetization curves. This system of equations can be either over or underspecified and is solved by using the conjugate gradient method. Numerical results related to the identification of parameters in the Energetic, Jiles-Atherton, and Preisach models are presented
[en] An extensive survey of misinterpretations and misconceptions concerning presentation of the hysteresis loop for ferromagnetic materials occurring in undergraduate textbooks has recently been carried out. As a follow-up, this article provides similar examples, now drawn from recent magnetism literature. The distinction between the two notions of 'coercivity' referred to the B vs. H curve and the M vs. H curve, which turn out to be often confused in textbooks is elucidated. Various misinterpretations and conceptual problems revealed by our survey of recent magnetism-related scientific journals are summarized. In order to counteract the misinterpretations in question, some real examples of hysteresis loops showing the correct characteristics have also been identified in this search. Various ways of presenting units for the same physical quantity, i.e. the SI or cgs units as well as both units mixed, have been revealed in the regular articles. This is a worrying factor, which calls for a concerted action at the level of the whole magnetism community. A number of intricacies and fundamental conceptual problems in magnetism encountered in a recent review are dealt with in a separate note
[en] Highlights: • We studied the hysteresis loops for multisegmented nanowires as a function of their length. • The reversal process considers the formation of some kind of vortices structures. • There are two well-defined behaviors, one for long wires and other for short wires. • In most of the studied systems the magnetization reversal process starts at the ends. • Short soft/hard/soft wires exhibit an unusual behavior of the coercivity as a function of the length. - Abstract: The magnetization reversal mechanisms in soft/hard multisegmented nanowires have been investigated using numerical simulations. In most of the studied systems the magnetization reversal process starts at the ends. However in short soft/hard/soft nanowires, the magnetization reversal process starts at the center of the wire, generating an unusual behavior of the coercivity as a function of the length.
[en] Unlike the coercive field Hc of a bulk ferrimagnet, which diverges at the compensation temperature Tcomp, the coercive field of a polycrystalline ferrimagnet with uni-axial anisotropy is shown to have a minimum at Tcomp. Despite this behavior, the field required for domain-wall motion still diverges at the compensation temperature. These ideas are used to treat a ferrimagnetic class of molecule-based magnets, the bimetallic oxalates, that exhibit a minimum coercivity at Tcomp
[en] We report measurements of the bulk magnetic properties of pearlitic steels recorded in-situ during plastic deformation. Hysteresis loops were initially found to become squarer but became less so as the stress increased. Magnetostrictive measurements revealed that the low field region showed zero magnetostriction, while the change to magnetisation vector rotations was shown to take place at lower magnetisation values with increasing tension. The coercive field remained constant or decreased with increasing stress at lower values of tension, but higher stress levels produced an increase attributed to new pinning sites generated by the plastic deformation process. This increase, proportional to the square of the stress, was seen to initiate before yield, rather than at the yield point. Remnant magnetisation was found to increase at lower tension levels, but higher stress levels produced a decrease in value that was attributed to stress induced changes in magnetic anisotropy. The high field magnetisation decreased monotonically with stress in both the pre-yield and plastically deformed regions. (orig.)
[en] The magnetization of Co0.10Ni0.90/Cu(001) films before and after surface oxidization at 300 K is presented. Before the oxidization, the magnetization of the films in the thickness of 11 to 20 monolayers (ML) is in the in-plane direction at the temperature ranging from 140 K to 300 K. After the oxidization, the magnetizations of the films are in the in-plane direction at the temperature above 200 K, but transit to magnetization demolishment, in-plane-and-out-of-plane co-existence, spin reorientation transition, and coercivity enhancement, for films of 11, 12, 13, and above 15 ML, respectively. The blocking temperature of this film is also 200 K, which implies the transitions might be driven by the ordering of the antiferromagnetic surface oxides. The various magnetizations provide a model system for manipulating the magnetization direction, as well as a spin valve device by combination of the oxidized films
[en] It is the first report on the recording performance of a perpendicular metal evaporated (ME) tape measured with a giant magnetoresistive head. To solve the application difficulty of oblique evaporated tape media to linear scan tape systems, a perpendicular evaporated Co-CoO tape was proposed instead. The prepared sample showed perpendicular anisotropy with coercivity of 107.3 kA/m, Mrt of 3.9 mA and squareness of 0.25. Identical recording characteristics were obtained for both head-media moving directions, which enables the application of perpendicular evaporated Co-CoO tape to linear scan tape systems. The better carrier-to-noise ratio was also confirmed by comparison with a current advanced product of metal particulate tape, which can realize the higher recording density of linear scan tape systems using ME tape