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[en] Many computer programs and a variety of models exist for the design of accelerator lattices and the correction of errors. Many physicists contributed to this work by developing codes to suit a variety of machines. At present, we are integrating some of these codes into a unified framework to design and control any type of machine. We will refer to this system of interactive accelerator design, control, and analysis codes as the All-In-One Modeling system (AIM). This paper will explore the utilities of AIM for future accelerator modeling and control. As an example, we will describe a procedure to produce both a linear and a nonlinear model for SPEAR
[en] This book explains Auto CAD easily, which introduces improved function in Auto CAD R 13, such as direct import and export of 3 DS pile, revised render order structure, and explanations of assist, view Draw, construct and modify. Next it gives descriptions of Auto CAD conception, application and system. The last part deals with line, arc, circle, ellipse, erase, undo, redo, redraw, line type, multi line, limits, zoom, move, copy, rotate, array, mirror, grid, snap, units, offset and poly line.
[en] The growth of additive manufacturing as a disruptive technology poses nuclear proliferation concerns worthy of serious consideration. Additive manufacturing began in the early 1980s with technological advances in polymer manipulation, computer capabilities, and computer-aided design (CAD) modeling. It was originally limited to rapid prototyping; however, it eventually developed into a complete means of production that has slowly penetrated the consumer market. Today, additive manufacturing machines can produce complex and unique items in a vast array of materials including plastics, metals, and ceramics. These capabilities have democratized the manufacturing industry, allowing almost anyone to produce items as simple as cup holders or as complex as jet fuel nozzles. Additive manufacturing, or three-dimensional (3D) printing as it is commonly called, relies on CAD files created or shared by individuals with additive manufacturing machines to produce a 3D object from a digital model. This sharing of files means that a 3D object can be scanned or rendered as a CAD model in one country, and then downloaded and printed in another country, allowing items to be shared globally without physically crossing borders. The sharing of CAD files online has been a challenging task for the export controls regime to manage over the years, and additive manufacturing could make these transfers more common. In this sense, additive manufacturing is a disruptive technology not only within the manufacturing industry but also within the nuclear nonproliferation world. This paper provides an overview of additive manufacturing concerns of proliferation.
[en] P.D.M.S. (''Plant Design Management System'') is a computer based management system designed to assist the engineer, with no previous computer knowledge, to solve the problems associated with plant and piping design. The essential feature of P.D.M.S. is that it provides the user with the ability to create a 3D model of his complete plant, by making use of a graphic terminal connected to a computer. The system gives the engineer the powerful advantage over existing techniques that any part of the plant information, which may be required for a specific function, may be retrieved and presented to him in the form most suited to his requirements (i.e. lists of items or fully annotated drawings). P.D.M.S. incorporates advanced facilities to enable engineers to analyse the information for design accuracy and consistency. The project manager can ensure that no errors in the total design due to integration of disciplines within the project, or due to the amalgamation of the work of many designers, who possibly operate in different design centres. P.D.M.S., implemented on an IBM machine of the computer center of Clamart, is being used by the equipment Direction of EDF for the design of new power plants
[fr]P.D.M.S. (''Plant Design Management System'') est destine a aider ingenieurs et projecteurs de bureaux d'etudes, sans connaissances particulieres prealables en informatique, a resoudre les problemes lies aux etudes d'installation, particulierement dans le domaine des tuyauteries. Sa caracteristique essentielle est qu'il offre a l'utilisateur la possibilite de creer un modele tridimensionnel de l'installation complete, par utilisation d'un terminal graphique connecte a un ordinateur. Ce modele etant construit, toute information sur une partie quelconque de l'installation peut etre obtenue sous la forme la mieux adaptee a son utilisation (plans cotes, nomenclatures, etc.). P.D.M.S. offre des moyens puissants de controle de la precision, de la coherence et des interferences entre les differentes parties du projet. A tout moment, le chef de projet peut s'assurer de l'absence d'erreurs dans l'ensemble du projet, apres integration des travaux issus de differents corps de metiers ou de differents bureaux d'etudes travaillant sur la meme installation. P.D.M.S., implemente sur un ordinateur IBM du Centre de Calcul de Clamart est utilise par la Direction de l'Equipement d'EDF pour les etudes d'installation des futures centrales
[en] Currently, incremental algorithms may be seen as the lowest-cost computational methods to generate Delaunay tessellations in several point distributions. In this work, eight point-insertion sequences in incremental algorithms for generating Delaunay tessellations are evaluated. More specifically, four point-insertion sequences in incremental algorithms for generating Delaunay tessellations are proposed: with orders given by the red–black tree with in-order and level-order traversals, spiral ordering, and H-indexing. These four incremental algorithms with such sequences are compared with four incremental algorithms with point-insertion orders given by the following sequences: the Hilbert and Lebesgue curves, cut-longest-edge kd-tree, and random order. Six 2-D and seven 3-D point distributions are tested, with sets ranging from 25,000 to 8,000,000 points. The results of computational and storage costs of these eight algorithms are analyzed. It follows that the incremental algorithm with a point-insertion sequence in the order given by the cut-longest-edge kd-tree shows the lowest computational and storage costs of the sequences tested.
[en] The description and block-diagram of an intellectual programming system (IPS) - part of the automation system for designing charged particle accelerators are presented. The intellect of the system is determined by the fact that the request of the user on plotting the program contains only data on what the program should execute excluding the data how the program should operate. The IPS is based on the computation model which can be considered both as a mathematical description of the required data transformation and as coprogram representation of the computing process realizing the required data transformation. Depending on the level of the system intellect the request can be made in a limited natural language or in any formalized language. The IPS system is patterned on application of the ES computer hardware
[en] Calculations of ventilation networks are necessary to elaborate the projects and to handle the gradual development of a ventilation network. The means which have been used up to the present to tackle these problems are the simulator and the computer, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. These means can be improved by considering the following needs of the user: short response time in the calculation of the state of a network; easy data input and presentation of the results (diagram, visual display); keeping records of the results. Cerchar has developed a program for the calculation of ventilation networks for use with a microcomputer psi 80 (Kontron) which has been constructed around a microprocessor Z 80. The data of the network to be calculated are entered by a keyboard and stored on a small disc; the data and the results can be displayed on a screen or produced as a print-out. This program is suitable for the calculation of networks composed of 400 branches and 300 nodes and comprising up to 9 different curves of characteristics as far as the mine fans are concerned. Cerchar investigates at present the visual display of a network on an interactive graphic terminal which, when perfected, will put at the disposal of the mine operators a tool for use by people other than data processing experts; this enables them to have permanently on the site their network for immediate access to consult it or make new calculations
[fr]Les calculs de reseaux d'aerage sont necessaires pour elaborer les projets et gerer l'evolution du reseau d'aerage. Les moyens utilises jusqu'a maintenant pour traiter ces problemes sont le simulateur et l'ordinateur, chacun d'entre eux ayant ses avantages et ses inconvenients. Ces moyens peuvent etre ameliores en considerant les besoins de l'utilisateur: faible temps de reponse dans le calcul d'un etat du reseau; commodite de l'introduction des donnees et de la presentation des resultats (plan, visualisation); archivage des resultats. Le Cerchar a developpe un programme de calcul de reseaux d'aerage pour un micro-ordinateur psi 80 (Kontron) bati autour d'un microprocessuer Z 80. Les donnees du reseau a calculer sont entrees au clavier et stockees sur une disquette; les donnees et les resultats peuvent soit etre visualises sur un ecran, soit etre listes sur une imprimante. Ce programme permet de calculer des reseaux constitues de 400 branches et 300 noeuds et comprenant, pour les ventilateurs, jusqu'a 9 courbes caracteristiques differentes. Le Cerchar etudie actuellement la visualisation du reseau sur un terminal graphique interactif dont la mise au point permettra de mettre a la disposition des exploitants un outil utilisable par des non-informaticiens, leur permettant d'avoir en permanence sur le site leur reseau immediatement accessible pour le consulter ou faire de nouveaux calculs