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[en] Highlights: • Flow patterns in large cylinder arrays are experimentally studied. • Different flow patterns occur after the first row due to lower turbulence levels. • Bistable flows are identified in the array at a given transversal spacing ratio. • Trends are identified for the turbulence energy distribution along the rows. • The last row is at higher risk of vibration due to turbulent buffeting. - Abstract: Studies on flow-induced vibrations in large tube bundles are usually focused solely on frequency analysis, without considering the flow patterns which are responsible for the fluid forces. Furthermore, investigations which involve variations in the spacing ratios do not separate transversal and longitudinal proximity effects. The purpose of this article is to separately analyze the influence of the transversal (T/D) and longitudinal (L/D) spacing ratios of a confined in-line cylinder array with five rows on the flow characteristics and to identify flow patterns. The laser Doppler anemometry technique was employed to acquire the mean velocity and its fluctuations in the transversal and longitudinal directions between the cylinder rows. Strouhal numbers and regimes reported in the literature were identified in the experiments. The same regime did not always persist along all cylinder rows for a given spacing ratio, as a result of the combined longitudinal and transversal proximity effects and also of the generation of turbulence by the array. For the smallest T/D ratio, a quasi-steady behavior associated with the biased flow pattern was noted in the experimental set-up and flip-flopping was observed in one case. Additionally, the flow characteristics in these arrays diverged from tube bundle classifications described in the literature. The behavior of the fluid forces and susceptibility to vibrations in the array were predicted based on the turbulence intensity of the incident flow of the cylinders. The results reinforced the need to extend flow pattern investigations to arrays with more cylinder rows and to consider both transversal and longitudinal proximity effects, when studying flow-induced vibrations.
[en] In the 1980’s Manchester University carried out over 110 tests on cylinders with a composite wall (steel-concrete-steel) subjected to external pressure as already reported in the literature. This paper describes further tests on 9 cylinders with a composite wall and a dome end subjected to external pressure and reports the results and compares them with theory. The cylinders were 500 mm diameter and 1250 mm long and four of them had penetrations through the cylinder wall. These tests were carried out under contract for Tecnomare SpA of Italy and have not been previously reported because of confidentiality reasons. The agreement between test behaviour, failure load and the theory developed at Manchester University is good. The philosophy for the design of such vessels for seabed structures is discussed and a ‘depth margin’ method proposed as it is a more realistic way of applying safety. Examples of designs for different depths are given and compared with the predicted failure pressure. (Author)
[en] We present an alternative method to determine in a simpler and quicker way the reaction flux in circular loops and saddle-coil sets, as applied in rock magnetometers. The dipole may be in an arbitrary direction and on an arbitrary position with respect to the sensing coil set. After the evaluation of the reaction flux, several test experiments are presented which verify the calculations. Finally, the impact of the image effect on the signal uniformity in commercial rock magnetometers is discussed. (orig./BUD)
[en] Cylindrical structures such as pipes and shafts are widely used in various industrial facilities. Recently, researches on magnetostrictive transduction of torsional waves have been actively reported for the nondestructive evaluation of those cylindrical structures. However, the existing magnetostrictive patch transducer has somewhat inconvenient and time. Consuming process like patch bonding to a structure since it should employ a magnetostrictive patch having strong magnetostriction. To overcome these limitations of the existing transducer, in this work, we develop a novel modular magnetostrictive transducer to generate and measure torsional waves to inspect a cylindrical structure. The proposed transducer can be applied as viscous liquid coupling with shear couplant or dry coupling without coupling media instead of patch bonding to a structure. We describe a detailed structure of the modular transducer and conduct some experiments to verify its performance
[en] This contribution describes the effect of a load shape on load acceleration at the start of an electric hoist. The emphasis is on a comparison of acceleration course of loads. Two loads with entirely different shape-a load with a cuboid shape and one with a cylinder shape, were chosen. Improved mathematical theory for the start of an electric hoist with three degrees of freedom is used. Thus, we measured the acceleration of the electric hoist, the wire rope end and the load center of gravity for two loads with different shape.
[en] Tests of a patch made of polyester/epoxy resin have shown that an opening in a cylinder filled with UF6 can quickly and effectively be closed. The adhesion of the prepared patch seems adequate for subsequent transport for expert emptying of the cylinder. 1 reference, 18 figures
[en] We thoroughly analyse the method used by Pogorelov to construct piecewise-smooth tubular surfaces in R3 isometric to the surface of a right circular cylinder. The properties of the inverse images of edges of any tubular surface on its planar unfolding are investigated in detail. We find conditions on plane curves lying on the unfolding that enable them to be the inverse images of edges of some tubular surface. We make a refinement concerning the number of smooth pieces that form a piecewise-smooth tubular surface. We generalize Pogorelov's method from the surface of a right circular cylinder to that of a right circular cone