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[en] Nowadays the construction sector is recovering after the crisis in Spain. This recovery has led banks to finance property development again but with demanding and prudent conditions when they extend credits. In 2017, project approval for new residential buildings were 73.560, which show an increase of 15.7% over the last year (63.553).
[en] This academic poster is a brief introduction to the price fluctuation of the housing market of Shanghai. Shanghai, which is situated on the southeastern coast of China, is one of the most developed cities in China in terms of economy and social status and the financial center in mainland China. The soaring housing price in this city is attributed to a large extent to its enormous influence and, of course, the Matthew effect.
[en] Since the beginning of the economic crisis in 2008 and the bursting of the real state bubble in Spain, there has been an increase in potential for the renovation of pre-existing housing as an urban model in contrast to the previous model of city expansion and development. On the other hand, the regulations and policies in addition to the beginning of the real state crisis look for a re-structuring of the construction sector as a way of economic recuperation.
[en] During the last decade, our country Ecuador has gone through a several period of time in which the economy was affected by a recession, which means that this topic has been the focus of controversial publications related to real estate crisis.
[en] Spray drying plays a crucial role in the processing of pharmaceutical products such as pills, capsules, and tablets as it is used to convert drug containing liquids into dried powdered forms. Nano spray drying is in particular used to improve drug formulation by encapsulating active ingredients in polymeric wall materials for protection and delivering the drugs to the right place and time in the body. The nano spray dryer developed in the recent years extends the spectrum of produced powder particles to the submicron- and nanoscale with very narrow size distributions and sample quantities in the milligram scale at high product yields. This enables the economical use of expensive active pharmaceutical ingredients and pure drugs. The present paper explains the concept of nano spray drying and discusses the influence of the main process parameters on the final powder properties like particle size, Morphology, encapsulation efficiency, and drug loading. Application results of nano spray drying for the formulation and encapsulation of different drugs are reviewed. (Author)
[en] Nuclear energy appears to be a main asset to France in the context of the worldwide economic slump. Nuclear power provides a cheap electricity that spares the buying power of households and increases the competitiveness of French enterprises. Nuclear industry with major companies like EDF, AREVA and CEA and 450 small and medium-sized enterprises, represents a core resistant to industrial decline. Nuclear industry is a good provider of work and globally it represents 2% of all the jobs in France. Concerning the trade balance, nuclear power plays twice; first by exporting equipment and services for a value of 7 billions euros a year and secondly by sparing the cost of energy imports that would be necessary if nuclear power was not here which is estimated to 20 billions euros a year. (A.C.)
[en] Currently in Spain there are more than 20 ''Data Banks''or ''Databases''with prices for construction, from which you can obtain parameters such as prices and yields for the realization of work budgets. These precedents are applicable for a specific autonomous community or geographical area, in some cases there is more than one ''Database''to which to go to obtain said values. The study is carried out for the autonomous communities of Castilla la Mancha, Madrid, Castilla y León, the Balearic Islands and Catalonia, using the databases; ''Price center'', ''PREOC'', ''ICCI'', ''ITEC'', ''COOAT''and CYPE Ingenieros, as appropriate, the article is based on a new work with 5,000 m2 built, according to the databases updated to 2017.
[en] A lot of sectors have benefited from technology transfers from nuclear industry: medicine, material science, electronics, nano-technologies... The main reason is that nuclear industry uses a lot of technologies and makes them to develop. Another reason is that the development of nuclear sciences implies a deeper knowledge of matter and its interactions, which is fundamental to build innovative technologies in any field. In France CEA (French Commission on Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies) has been a major player in technology transfers for the development of national economy and for its diversification itself. Today CEA's teams work on life sciences, microelectronics, carbon-free energies as well as nuclear engineering. (A.C.)
[en] In the 1920s, just after the War, an idea began taking root in the Old Continent, to build what could be described as the United States of Europe. Thirty years later, in 1951, a new source of energy, coal, paved the way for the economic integration of Europe. It culminated into monetary integration in January 2002. Economic integration makes sense in the context of the relatively small size of some national economies and markets, and the judicious utilization of rare resources and their unequal distribution. In this document, the author elaborated on the principles at play in economic integration and argued that the integration of the national energy markets could be the lever for economic integration through the gradual elimination of the various obstacles to trade. The author first presented a brief historical overview of economic integration from the perspective of global economic relationships, covering the period between the two world wars to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The concept and the forms of economic integration were reviewed. Energy integration as a lever of regional economic integration and as a factor in global economic insertion were discussed. Energy integration is a tool for the improvement of the human condition. 15 refs