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[en] In this work we report the results of theoretical analysis of the effect of the thermal environment on the thermoelectric efficiency of molecular junctions. The environment is represented by two thermal phonon baths associated with the electrodes, which are kept at different temperatures. The analysis is carried out using the Buttiker model within the scattering matrix formalism to compute electron transmission through the system. This approach is further developed so that the dephasing parameters are expressed in terms of relevant energies, including the thermal energy, strengths of coupling between the molecular bridge and the electrodes and characteristic energies of electron–phonon interactions. It is shown that the latter significantly affect thermoelectric efficiency by destroying the coherency of electron transport through the considered system. (paper)
[en] The energy relaxation dynamics process of Pt nanoparticles with a diameter of 25 nm after a 400-nm femtosecond laser excitation was investigated using pump-probe technology with 130 fs laser pulse. Experimental results show that the process includes a fast decay with time constant of 850 fs and a slow decay with time constant of 9 ps. Theoretical discussion indicates that the former results from electron-phonon coupling process, while the latter is from phonon-phonon coupling process.
[en] Temperature dependence of the photophysical properties of europium(III) complex with the benzoylcetonate ligand were evaluated. The photostability of the complex and the temperature dependence of the 5D0 → 7F2 transition band area (maximum relative sensitivity of 5.25% K−1 at 303 K) makes this complex promising as temperature probe. The temperature dependence of the 5D0 → 7F0 transition band indicates that the electron-phonon coupling is probably the main mechanism operating in the temperature dependence of the photophysical properties of the complex.
[en] Herbert Froehlich is generally credited with having predicted in 1950 the fundamental role of electron-phonon interactions in superconductivity, and in particular the isotope effect, without any experimental input. Here, we examine the facts on which this belief is based and point out that whether or not the generally accepted view is true depends on the meaning of the word shortly.