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[en] A very rare case of multi-organ volvulus, serially involving the spleen, colon and stomach, is presented in a 24-year-old female patient with Down syndrome. This case is of interest because of the three different types of volvulus or torsion that occurred serially over thirteen years in the same patient. We report the imaging findings and suggest possible pathogenesis by a review of the operation record and literature
[en] Thirty-one patients, aged 75 years or older, who received pelvic radiation therapy as part of primary treatment for a gynecologic malignancy, were reviewed. Ten patients (32%) failed to complete their treatment and 4 patients (13%) died of treatment-related complications. The treatment-related complications were independent of increasing age, but did correlate closely with the patients' pretreatment ECOG performance status. Ten patients with performance levels of 2 or higher had a mortality rate of 30%, while 70% failed to complete treatment. Treatment fractions of greater than 220 cGy per day also resulted in unacceptably high complication rates. Alternative treatment formats should be considered in geriatric patients with poor initial performance levels
[en] Both laboratory and clinical data suggest that hypoxia contributes to the failure of radiotherapy to achieve local control of bulky gynecologic tumors. As part of a Phase I trial of hypoxic cell radiosensitizers, 19 women at Stanford University with advanced (n . 6) or recurrent (n . 13) pelvic neoplasms were treated with radiotherapy plus desmethylmisonidazole. Complete or partial response occurred in 42% of patients with some patients achieving local control for over 1 year. It is unknown if the sensitizer added to the results of radiotherapy alone. A Phase I trial of a theoretically superior sensitizer, SR-2508, is soon to begin. It is anticipated that the dose-limiting neurotoxicity seen with misonidazole and desmethylmisonidazole will either be eliminated or will occur at a much higher total dose of drug. Many patients with gynecologic tumors could potentially benefit from participation in the new drug trials
[en] Our experience with the use of Formalin instillation in intractable gross hematuria secondary to radiation cystitis in patients with gynecological malignancies is reported. This study indicates coagulative effect of low concentration of Formalin with minimal side effects as a method to control hemorrhage
[en] We report five cases of female patients affected by symptomatic focal external genital venous malformations treated with percutaneous direct intralesional injection of sodium tetradecyl sulphate (STS). All patients were referred because of discomfort and pain when sexual intercourse was attempted. Direct sclerotherapy with 3% STS was performed on a day-hospital basis with the patient under local anesthesia. Complete resolution of the symptoms was achieved in all cases. No major adverse effects were reported. Direct intralesional sclerotherapy with STS may be considered a safe and effective method for the treatment of female external genital malformation without the necessity of general anesthesia for pain control.
[en] Seventy-five cases of primary squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina treated at the University of Pennsylvania are reviewed with long-term follow-up presented. These comprised 2.5% of all female genital malignancies treated during 1958 to 1980 inclusive. Patients treated during that time with non-squamous cell cancers have been excluded. Patients are analyzed with regard to stage, therapy, complications, and survival. Sixty-five percent of patients were stage I or II. Five-year survival for the entire group was 45%. Patients treated with radical surgery other than exenteration did well, with 7 of 8 surviving 5 years. Serious treatment complications were mostly related to radiation therapy and primarily involved the bowel and bladder. Three patients died of complications. Recurrence carried a grave prognosis as 30 of 33 patients with recurrence died of disease. Most recurrences were diagnosed within the first year following treatment. Patients with advanced disease were more likely to have distant recurrences. Although radiation therapy is generally the treatment of choice, radical surgery can yield excellent results when used in carefully selected patients. With meticulous attention to radiation dosage and technique it is hoped that treatment morbidity can be reduced. Optimal treatment of advanced disease may require some form of adjuvant systemic therapy
[en] Full text: Uterine cervical cancer is the third most common gynecological malignancy with a wide range of five year survival rate according to the tumor stage. Officially the treatment policy is chosen based on the clinical staging irrespective the substantial body of evidence that MRI is useful in evaluating malignant conditions of the female pelvis. The goal of the presentation is to highlight: 1) The results from screening tests; 2) The role of Imaging staging of cervical cancer; 3) The standard MRI protocol, recommended by the European Society of Uroradiology; 4) The new role of Imaging in guiding an individualized therapy and 5) The assessment of therapy effect. MRI, although not officially incorporated in the FIGO staging system, is already widely accepted as the most reliable imaging technique for the diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and follow-up of cervical cancer. In summary, MRI plays a key role in staging, patient selection for treatment, and detection of disease recurrence.
[en] The use of automated stapling instruments in 17 patients requiring intestinal surgery following irradiation therapy for gynecologic malignancies has been reviewed. Fifteen of these patients also had other medical problems thought to inhibit optimal anastomotic healing but no patient had a complication involving the intestinal anastomosis. The use of these stapling instruments reduced both the operating time and the contamination of the peritoneal surfaces by bowel content, thereby improving the postoperative recovery of these patients