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[en] ClGa 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis (4-bromophenyl) porphyrinato (ClGaTBrPP) and its metal free derivative were successfully synthesized and incorporated into Pluronic F127 polymeric micelles that has been conjugated to folic acid (FA) to form ClGaTBrPP-F127-FA (or H2TBrPP-F127-FA). For comparison, ClGaTBrPP-F127 and H2TBrPP-F127 (without FA) were also formed. The singlet oxygen quantum yield for ClGaTBrPP-F127-FA was higher (ΦΔ = 0.44) than that of H2TBrPP-F127-FA (ΦΔ = 0.37), due to the heavy atom effect of Ga in the former which encourages intersystem crossing to the triplet state. The same applies to ClGaTBrPP-F127 (ΦΔ = 0.47) and H2TBrPP-F127 (ΦΔ = 0.41). Thus, ΦΔ values decreased in the presence of FA, but still high enough for practical application of the nanodrug system. The binding constants Kb were determined to be 1.08 × 104 M−1, 2.51 × 105 M−1, 1.52 × 103 and 2.68 × 103 for H2TBrPP+F127-FA, ClGaTBrPP+F127-FA, ClGaTBrPP-F127 and H2TBrPP-F127, respectively. The Kp values were determined in biphasic octanol and water system.
[en] The optical properties of a GaTa_4Se_8 single crystal are investigated under high pressure. At ambient pressure, the optical conductivity exhibits a charge gap of 0.12 eV and a broad mid infrared band at ∼0.55 eV. As pressure is increased, the low energy spectral weight is strongly enhanced and the optical gap is rapidly filled, pointing to an insulator to metal transition around 6 GPa. The overall evolution of the optical conductivity demonstrates that GaTa_4Se_8 is a Mott insulator which undergoes a bandwidth controlled Mott metal-insulator transition under pressure, in remarkably good agreement with theory. With the use of our optical data and ab initio band structure calculations, our results were successfully compared to the (U/D, T/D) phase diagram predicted by dynamical mean field theory for strongly correlated systems. (authors)
[en] In this paper, calculations of the total energies and related structural properties of Si, GaP and C are presented showing good agreement with experimental values. The total energy is calculated within the local-density functional formalism using first principles non-local pseudopotentials. (A.C.A.S.)
[pt]Neste trabalho, calcula-se a energia total e propriedades estruturais relacionadas de Si, GaP e C que mostram boa concordancia com resultados experimentais. A energia total e calculada dentro do formalismo do funcional de densidade local usando pseudopotenciais nao-locais de primeiros principios. (A.C.A.S.)