Results 1 - 10 of 218
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[en] Gas flow nonuniformity is one of the main sources of rotor blade vibrations in the gas turbine engines. Usually, the flow circumferential nonuniformity occurs near the annular frames, located in the flow channel of the engine. This leads to the increased dynamic stresses in blades and as a consequence to the blade damage. The goal of the research was to find an acceptable method of reducing the level of gas flow nonuniformity as the source of dynamic stresses in the rotor blades. Two different methods were investigated during this research. Thus, this study gives the ideas about methods of improving the flow structure in gas turbine engine. On the basis of existing conditions (under development or existing engine) it allows the selection of the most suitable method for reducing gas flow nonuniformity. (paper)
[en] The ever increasing demand for power and the shortages encountered during summer calls for the implementation of strategies for power saving in industry. Inlet fogging of gas turbine engines is quite popular due to the ease of installation and the relatively low initial cost compared to other inlet cooling methods. In the present investigation, a detailed analysis is carried out on the basis of coincident wet bulb and dry bulb temperature data of a compressed air plant from April to October, 2007 to determine the evaporative cooling potential for the period. The power gain that can be obtained by employing inlet fogging of the air compressors is analyzed based on the real climatic data at several sites in Korea. An experimental set-up was constructed and tests were carried out with the standard impaction pin nozzle. The experimental results were found to match with the theoretical calculations
[en] The finishing of the flow sections of compressor blades is considered. A sequence of operations for this purpose in an automated cycle is proposed. The development of control programs for the grinding of flow sections of the blades is discussed, with allowance for the nonuniform distribution of the margin over the blade surface.
[en] The prospects for additive technology in facilitating the manufacture of components for gas-turbine engines are considered. The expediency of electron-beam melting (EBM) in the manufacture of monowheel impellers is considered.
[en] Tests with nozzles of different types are conducted in a segment of a combustion chamber. The nozzle associated with the most efficient fuel combustion is identified. Tests of a complete combustion chamber in a gas-turbine engine are recommended.
[en] The progress that has been made in recent years of applying computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to the design of advanced turbine engines was discussed. Pratt and Whitney has successfully transitioned the design of the company's advanced turbine engines from a five-year design cycle based on a succession of design-test-redesign cycles to a three-year design cycle based on an analytical design methodology. The development of 3-D viscous CFD and computational structural mechanics (CSM) codes as primary design tools and a multi-disciplinary approach to applications have been major factors in achieving this success. The company also made significant progress in the development of a fully implicit unsteady stage scheme, with marked impact on performance and durability. Improvements also have been made in the life of the hot end components and in aero-acoustics. 9 figs
[en] High pressure components of a gas turbine engine are generally made of nickel-base superalloys, using precision casting process due to complicated geometries with intricate channels and cooling holes. Turbine components manufactured from directionally solidified and single crystal materials have columnar grains; however, it is found that the crystals do not grow in its preferred direction, although the orientation can be controlled. This anisotropy can lead to the variations of elastic and Hill's parameters in constitutive equations, and they alter stress distributions and the low cycle fatigue life. We aims to evaluate the effects of perturbed crystal orientations on the structural integrity of a directionally solidified nozzle using low cycle fatigue life. We also attempt to show the necessity for the control of allowed manufacturing errors and stochastic analysis. Our approaches included conjugate heat transfer and structural analysis, along with low cycle fatigue life assessment