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[en] Karyopherinβ1 (KPNB1), one of the cytosolic factors involved in the selective protein transport across nucleus, docked at nuclear pore complex and transported through nuclear envelope in an ATP-dependent style, assisting proteins to be recognized as import substrates. It has been reported to be bound up with the origination and progress of lung cancer, cervical cancer, head and neck cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. In current study, we demonstrated for the first time that the role of KPNB1 in human glioma. KPNB1 was over-expressed as the well-known trend of Ki-67(p < 0.01) and tightly closed to poor prognosis, as an independent prognostic factor. In vitro, up-regulation of KPNB1 was accompanied by certain rising levels of proliferation markers, employing U251 and U87MG cells as serum-starve models. Silencing KPNB1 in U251 and U87MG led to G1 phase arrested directly via flow cytometry analysis. In the nucleus of KPNB1-depletion cell models, the decreasing expression of KPNB1 and β-catenin was detected respectively, which indicated that KPNB1 functioned via β-catenin signal. Besides, the interaction between KPNB1 and β-catenin was proved clearly by immunoprecipitation. Taken together, it showed that KPNB1 might enhance human glioma proliferation via Wnt/β-Catenin Pathway. - Highlights: • KPNB1 accelerated the progress of human glioma via Wnt/β-catenin pathway. • The decreased β-catenin expression in nucleus of KPNB1-depletion cells. • We identified the interaction between β-catenin and KPNB1 for the first time. • The close positive relationship between KPNB1 expression and glioma proliferation. • Two kinds of glioma cell lines were applied to this study.
[en] Eight patient who developed benign growth at the primary site after radical radiotherapy of head and neck cancers (two laryngeal cancers, sic nasopharyngeal crcinoma, NPC) are reported. Most of the lesions appeared as spheral or nodular growth with few symptoms. All were properly diagnosed and treated, but two of them had been wrongly diagnosed and treated as local malignant recurrence. The authors point out that repeated biopsies, before treatment, are very important for differentiating a malignant recurrende from a benign growth. Conservative treatment can cure these lesions. (Author). 3 refs.; 6 figs
[en] Beclin 1 plays a critical role in autophagy and functions as a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor. The expression and prognostic significance of beclin 1 in head and neck adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) are largely unexplored. Therefore, we investigated the expression of beclin 1, Bcl-2, and p53 in head and neck ACC tissue. Tissue samples from 35 cases (15 females, 20 males) of head and neck ACC were utilized for immunohistochemistry. Beclin 1 expression was observed in 32 cases (91.4%) and considered to be high in 15 cases (42.9%) and low in 20 cases (57.1%). Beclin 1 expression was significantly correlated with a histological growth pattern (P=0.046) and histological grade (P=0.037). Beclin 1 expression was inversely correlated with Bcl-2 expression (P=0.013) and significantly associated with overall survival (P=0.006). Bcl-2 and p53 expression were observed in 21 cases (60.0%) and 16 cases (45.7%). Bcl-2 expression was significantly correlated with perineural invasion (P=0.041) and not associated with overall survival (P=0.053). p53 expression was directly correlated with beclin 1 expression (P=0.044). Our results indicated that beclin 1 may be a novel, promising prognostic factor for clinical outcome in head and neck ACC patients and may play a part in the development of head and neck ACC by interacting with Bcl-2 and p53
[en] Haemangiopericytoma (HPC) is a rare vascular tumor with borderline malignancy, considerable histological variability, and unpredictable clinical and biological behavior. HPC can present a diagnostic challenge because of its indeterminate clinical, radiological, and pathological features. HPC generally presents in adulthood and is equally frequent in both sexes. HPC can arise in any site in the body as a slowly growing and painless mass. The precise cell type origin of HPC is uncertain. One third of HPCs occur in the head and neck areas. Exceptional cases of hemangioblastoma arising outside the head and neck areas have been reported, but little is known about their clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features. This study reports on a case of a large sacro-anterior HPC in a 65-year-old male
[en] Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide and although new therapeutic approaches have been recently evaluated, improvement in overall patient survival is still poor. For this reason, new effective and selective clinical treatments are urgently needed. Genomic analysis allowing the identification of differences between normal and tumor cells provides new therapeutic options identifying novel targets or drugs that have shown efficacy in other tumor types. In this sense, EGFR amplification and/or overexpression are frequent events in HNSCC; in fact, the only targeted therapy approved to treat HNSCC is the anti-EFGR antibody Cetuximab. Based on cell line drug screening studies we identified Bosutinib (SKI-606), a Src/Abl inhibitor, as a candidate drug to treat HNSCC. Using a panel of HNSCC cell lines we found that the treatment with Bosutinib was able to reduce cell proliferation and to induce apoptosis at higher doses. We verified that the drug rapidly inhibited EGFR phosphorylation, and sensitivity to Bosutinib correlated with the activation of EGFR in tumor-derived cell lines. Moreover, Bosutinib showed a synergistic effect on cell viability with the PI3K? inhibitor BYL719 only in those cell lines with mutations in PIK3CA. These results suggest that Bosutinib could be a new effective drug in the treatment of HNSCC cancer, especially in tumors with high activity of EGFR, and its combination with BYL719 could especially benefit those patients bearing activating mutations of PIK3CA. (Author)
[en] Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most common type of head and neck cancers which is notable for its distinctive pattern of geographical distribution. HOTAIR has been reported to regulate nasopharyngeal carcinoma tumorigenesis and progression. However, the detailed mechanism underlying HOTAIR-promoted nasopharyngeal carcinoma remains not fully understood.
[en] An acadius is a monster that sometimes develops in single-ovum twin pregnancies as the results of inequalities in the communicating placental circulation. One twin is well developed and normal, whereas the other is imperfectly formed, with either a rudimentary-hemiacardius or an absent heart-holoacardius. The most common variety of the holoacardiac monster is the acephalus, or headless fetus. Authors report a case of acardius acephalus twins associated with hydramnios in a 28 years old, para 1-0-0-1, diagnosed amorphous twins with serial sonograms, terminate in the 23th week pregnancy and the other in 1-25 years old,para 0-0-0-0, diagnosed twins with FDIU in sonogram. We present these two cases with brief review of literatures.