Results 1 - 10 of 2081
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[en] Highlights: • Analysis of a large number of CT reformats is not mandatory in fracture healing. • A median CT reformat in the three orthogonal planes is a valuable alternative. • Analysis of 2 paramedian sagittal and coronal CT reformats is a valuable alternative. • Short-axis reformats are not mandatory if the long-axis reformats are scored. • The results could suggest the use of tomosynthesis for fracture healing evaluation. - Abstract: PurposeTo assess how many and which CT reformats of long bone non-unions should be analyzed to best approximate the analysis of a larger number of CT reformats obtained in the three orthogonal planes.
[en] Surgical excision of keloids can result in an insidious cycle of tissue injury and repeat keloid formation unless combined with adjuvant therapy to halt this cycle. We present our results of postoperative radiation therapy for keloids with various dose regimens.
[en] Golfer's fracture is stress fracture of the posterior portion of left 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7th ribs of golfer's, usually beginners,and it is considered due to exposure to unaccustomed severe exercise of this fascinating sport. Healing is usually uneventful, but possible complication may occur, because symptom is mild and golfers continue the exercise with physical therapy such as massage. Author report 4 cases of golfer's fracture, including 1 case complicated by platelike at electasis of lung.
[en] Low radiation doses targeted at pulmonary lesions in case of patients suffering from severe Covid-19, have shown their interest to stop tissues damage and favour healing. It seems that irradiation resets macrophages (cells that can absorb pathogens) to give them a more anti-inflammatory role. (A.C.)
[en] Radiation therapy is an established modality in the treatment of head and neck cancer patients. Compromised wound healing in irradiated tissues is a common and challenging clinical problem. The pathophysiology and underlying cellular mechanisms including the complex interaction of cytokines and growth factors are still not understood completely. In this review, the current state of research regarding the pathomechanisms of compromised wound healing in irradiated tissues is presented. Current and possible future treatment strategies are critically reviewed
[en] Highlights: • LIPUS induces collagen synthesis. • LIPUS suppresses MMP13 expression. • LIPUS induces aggrecan remodeling. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is used for bone healing in orthopedics. In previous in vivo and in vitro studies, LIPUS has been shown to have promising effects on cellular elements in articular cartilage, particularly chondrocytes in patients with osteoarthritis. However, the effects of LIPUS on the cellular mechanisms through which LIPUS alters extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis in chondrocytes are unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of the optimal intensity and cellular mechanisms of LIPUS on the regeneration of cartilage matrix in chondrocytes. LIPUS induced collagen synthesis and the remodeling of aggrecan via the activation of ERK1/2. In contrast, MMP13 expression was decreased in chondrocytes. Additionally, chondrocytes responded optimally to LIPUS at an intensity higher than the clinical setting for bone fracture healing. These results suggested that LIPUS induced ECM regeneration via increases in hypertrophic chondrocytes and delayed endochondral ossification in chondrocytes.
[en] Anastomotic dehiscence is the most severe complication of colorectal surgery. Metalloproteinases (MMPs) and interleukins (ILs) can be used to analyze the healing process of anastomosis. To evaluate the effects of bromopride on MMP and cytokine gene expression in left colonic anastomoses in rats with or without induced abdominal sepsis, 80 rats were divided into two groups for euthanasia on the third or seventh postoperative day (POD). They were then divided into subgroups of 20 rats for sepsis induction or not, and then into subgroups of 10 rats for administration of bromopride or saline. Left colonic anastomosis was performed and abdominal sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture. A colonic segment containing the anastomosis was removed for analysis of gene expression of MMP-1α, MMP-8, MMP-13, IL-β, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ). On the third POD, bromopride was associated with increased MMP-1α, MMP-13, IL-6, IFN-γ, and IL-10 gene expression. On the seventh POD, all MMP transcripts became negatively modulated and all IL transcripts became positively modulated. In the presence of sepsis, bromopride administration increased MMP-8 and IFN-γ gene expression and decreased MMP-1, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 gene expression on the third POD. On the seventh POD, we observed increased expression of MMP-13 and all cytokines, except for TNF-α. In conclusion, bromopride interferes with MMP and IL gene expression during anastomotic healing. Further studies are needed to correlate these changes with the healing process
[en] The occurrence of pulmonary mestastases in patients suffering from primary classic osteogenic sarcoma is compared among two groups of patients treated according to different protocols at Groote Schuur Hospital. A group of 28 patients treated by radiation and delayed amputation (before the end of 1974) is compared with 12 patients managed by immediate ablation and adjuvant chemotherapy with vincristine, high-dose methotrexate and leucovorin rescue, and adriamycin (after 1974). The incidence of pulmonary metastases at 12 months was significantly lower in the latter group
[en] Objective: To compare the efficacy of vacuum assisted closure (VAC) therapy against regular moist wound dressings in reducing the surface area of open chronic wounds by at least 5 mm/sup 2/ in terms of early closure of wound. Study Design: Randomized controlled trail. Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at general surgery department CMH/MH Rawalpindi from Jun 2011 to Dec 2011 over a period of 06 months. Material and Methods: A total of 278 patients (139 in each group) were included in this study. Group A received VAC therapy while moist wound dressings applied in group B. Results: Mean age was 54.9 +-7.2 and 53.4 +- 8.9 years in group A and B, respectively (statistically insignificant (p=0.12). In group A, 96 patients (69.0 percent) and in group B 92 patients (66.2 percent) were male while 43 patients (31.0 percent) in group A and 47 patients (33.8 percent) in group B were female the difference being statistically insignificant (p=0.608). In group A, 63 (45.3 percent) patients showed significant reduction in the size of the wound while only 41 (29.5 percent) patients in group B had adequate wound healing at the end of 04 weeks, the difference being statistically significant (p=0.0064). Conclusion: VAC therapy decreases wound size more effectively than moist wound dressing technique. It definitely reduces hospital stay and ensures early return to work. (author)