Results 1 - 10 of 3366
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[en] The structural color printing based on all-aluminum plasmonic V-groove metasurfaces is demonstrated under both bright field and dark field illumination conditions. A broad visible color range is realized with the plasmonic V-groove arrays etched on aluminum surface by simply varying the groove depth while keeping the groove period as a constant. Polarization dependent structural color printing is further achieved with interlaced V-groove arrays along both the horizontal and vertical directions. Furthermore, these results pave the way towards the use of all-aluminum structural color printing platform for many practical applications such as security marking and information storage.
[en] The results of 200 spectrophotometric study of five bright meteors and indentification of spectral lines are given. Distribution of energy for different points of the paths of meteors is found. Masses of meteor particles are determined on the base of integrated curves of brightness
[en] Advanced split-illumination electron holography was developed by employing two biprisms in the illuminating system to split an electron wave into two coherent waves and two biprisms in the imaging system to overlap them. A focused image of an upper condenser-biprism filament was formed on the sample plane, and all other filaments were placed in its shadow. This developed system makes it possible to obtain precise reconstructed object waves without modulations due to Fresnel fringes, in addition to holograms of distant objects from reference waves. - Highlights: • Advanced split-illumination electron holography without Fresnel fringes is developed. • Two biprisms are installed in illuminating system of microscope. • High-precision holographic observations of an area locating far from the sample edge become possible
[en] Robust and efficient vehicle detection is an essential task in intelligent transportation systems (ITS). Unfortunately, due to a great diversity of vehicle profiles and outdoor illumination conditions, it is a challenge to detect vehicles effectively. This paper proposes a method for high-performance vehicle detection based on visual attention mechanism and AdaBoost cascade classifier. Our method constructs the structural Haar features and extracts the features of samples using structural Haar features and trains an AdaBoost cascade classifier. Then we use the visual attention mechanism to extract the target candidate region. At last, we generate detecting sub-windows in the candidate region and discriminate them with the cascade classifier to realize vehicle detection. We compare the performance of this method against two variants, one using MB–LBP features and another using Haar features. The experimental results demonstrate satisfactory performance for the proposed method in term of training speed, detecting speed and detecting accuracy.
[en] Second order intensity correlations of speckle illumination are extensively used in imaging applications that require going beyond the Rayleigh limit. The theoretical analysis shows that significantly improved imaging can be extracted from the study of increasingly higher order intensity cumulants. We provide experimental evidence by demonstrating resolution beyond what is achievable by second order correlations. We present results up to 25th order. We also show an increased visibility of cumulant correlations compared to moment correlations. Our findings clearly suggest the benefits of using higher order intensity cumulants in other disciplines like astronomy and biology. (paper)
[en] It is shown that bright-dark Manakov solitons can be formed in biased guest-host photorefractive polymer when the total intensity of two components is much lower than the background illumination. The existing conditions of bright-dark Manakov solitons are discussed in detail. The intensity profiles and dynamical evolutions of solitons are presented by numerical methods. (electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics)
[en] Illuminating type poster looks very impressive and one may feel as if it were on the view box in his reading room. Some difficulties and nuisances really exist in making them and a few of demerits can also be encountered that of contrast enhancement and of rough graininess. Contact print renders the best quality, though, Kodak Technical-Pan film with HC-100 (Dil. F) developer, llford XP 1-400 with Kodak C-41 color developer and Kodak Plus-X with Microdiol-X developer combinations also work in minimizing the deterioration of resolution and grains which can almost always occur in enlargement prints.
[en] Workplace exposure to optical radiation from artificial sources is regulated in Europe under the Artificial Optical Radiation Directive 2006/25/EC implemented in the UK as The Control of Artificial Optical Radiation at Work Regulations 2010. The entertainment environment often presents an extremely complex situation for the assessment of occupational exposures. Multiple illumination sources, continuously changing illumination conditions and people moving during performances add further complexity to the assessment. This document proposes a methodology for assessing the risks arising from exposure to optical radiation and presents detailed case studies of practical assessment for two large entertainment venues. (authors)
[en] We propose two different approaches to retrieve x-ray absorption, refraction, and scattering signals using a one dimensional scan and a high resolution detector. The first method can be easily implemented in existing procedures developed for edge illumination to retrieve absorption and refraction signals, giving comparable image quality while reducing exposure time and delivered dose. The second method tracks the variations of the beam intensity profile on the detector through a multi-Gaussian interpolation, allowing the additional retrieval of the scattering signal
[en] Phenology deals with timing of biotic phenomena and seasonality concerns temporal patterns of abiotic variables. Studies of land surface phenology (LSP) and land surface seasonality (LSS) have long been limited to visible to near infrared (VNIR) wavelengths, despite degradation by atmospheric effects and solar illumination constraints. Enhanced land surface parameters derived from passive microwave data enable improved temporal monitoring of agricultural land surface dynamics compared to the vegetation index data available from VNIR data. LSPs and LSSs in grain growing regions of the Volga River Basin of Russia and the spring wheat belts of the USA and Canada were characterized using AMSR-E enhanced land surface parameters for the period from April through October for 2003 through 2010. Growing degree-days (GDDs) were calculated from AMSR-E air temperature retrievals using both ascending and descending passes with a base of 0 ° C and then accumulated (AGDD) with an annual restart each 1 April. Tracking the AMSR-E parameters as a function of AGDD revealed the expected seasonal pattern of thermal limitation in mid-latitude croplands. Vegetation optical depth (VOD), a microwave analog of a vegetation index, was modeled as a function of AGDD with the resulting fitted convex quadratic models yielding both high coefficients of determination (r2 > 0.90) and phenometrics that could characterize cropland differences between the Russian and North American sites. The AMSR-E data were also able to capture the effects of the 2010 heat wave that devastated grain production in European Russia. These results showed the potential of AMSR-E in monitoring and modeling cropland dynamics. (letter)