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[en] I review recent works on infrared sensitive quantities in QCD, such as exclusive or semiexclusive probabilities, inclusive distributions for x 3Vertical Bar 0, x 3Vertical Bar 1, which are crucial for the under- standing of the structure of final states in hard processes. I discuss then the preconfinement picture and the related inside-out- side cascade of hard QCD both in the momentum and space-time point of view
[en] This working group focussed on the subject of hadrons in the nuclear medium. It encompassed both the understanding of the nucleus itself in terms of its binding and its structure, and the use of the nucleus as a medium to probe QCD and the structure of hadrons. Both aspects were addressed during the workshop, though the emphasis tended towards the latter. Almost inescapably this working group had some overlap with the other working groups, as the nucleus can also be used as a medium to probe the production and structure of vector mesons. Also, inclusive and semi-inclusive processes can be used as a probe of nuclear effects, for instance in the case of deep-inelastic scattering for x > 1. In this summary report the authors will try to restrict themselves to only those issues where the nuclear medium is important. To increase their understanding of the nucleus in terms of its binding and structure, they would like to know the effect of a dense nuclear medium on a nucleon, to know the non-nucleonic degrees of freedom needed to describe a nuclear system, and to understand the implications of the fact that a bound nucleon is necessarily off its mass-shell. The results of many lepton scattering experiments during the last two decades have raised these questions, but at this moment there are no definitive answers. The hope is that the well-known electron probe, with sufficient energy to probe the short-range properties of nuclei, can provide insight. Especially, the authors would like a conclusive answer to the question if, and to what extent, quark degrees of freedom are necessary to describe a nuclear system
[en] This Technical Memorandum (TM) summarizes the Fermilab Test Beam operations for FY2017. It is one of a series of annual publications intended to gather information in one place. In this case, the information concerns the individual experiments that ran at FTBF and are listed in Table 1. Each experiment section was prepared by the relevant authors, and was edited for inclusion in this summary.
[en] The proton spin budget is discussed. Results are presented from inclusive and semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering and from deeply virtual Compton scattering. They permit interpretations towards the determination of various contributions to the proton spin.
[en] Detailed study of the structure in the rapidity plane allows to determine the amount of single and double diffraction within a cluster model. From semi-inclusive data on correlations the average number of particles due to decay of one cluster can be estimated
[en] An approximation of the attainable set of a linear differential inclusion is constructed with the help of a system of linear differential equations with π-derivative. Model examples are considered.