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[en] A survey-based technique has been developed that measures and generates comparative data on important organizational, work group, and job-level variables that are directly related to on-the-job accidents. This paper describes the results of an analysis of data from more than 2,700 employees in the chemical, oil, construction, and wood products industries. These analyses indicate that several key variables are significantly related to accidents in the workplace
[en] The purpose of this report is to provide an assessment of the changes in other energy industries that could occur as the result of restructuring in the electric power industry. This report is prepared for a wide audience, including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric power industry, and the general public. 28 figs., 25 tabs
[en] Which contribution can the increase of energy efficiency achieve in the industry energy for the energy transition in Germany? To answer this question a model-based analysis of existing energy efficiency potentials of the energy-intensive industries is performed, which account for about 70% of the total energy demand of the industry. Based on this industry for each sector are instruments proposed for the implementation of the calculated potential and to overcome the existing barriers.
[de]Welchen Beitrag kann die Steigerung der Energieeffizienz in der Industrie zur Energiewende in Deutschland leisten? Um diese Frage zu beantworten wird fuer die energieintensiven Branchen, welche insgesamt etwa 70 % des Energiebedarfs der Industrie ausmachen, eine modellgestuetzte Analyse der vorhandenen Energieeffizienzpotenziale durchgefuehrt. Aufbauend hierauf werden je Branche Instrumente zur Umsetzung der berechneten Potenziale und zur Ueberwindung der bestehenden Hemmnisse vorgeschlagen.
[en] The French agency of environment and energy management (Ademe) has made available to the industrialists, a study about the proper choice of renewable and recovery energies capable to meet the energy and heat needs of their facilities. This article summarises in a table, sector by sector and for each renewable and recovery energy source, the capability of this energy source to supply part or the overall energy needs of some elementary industrial processes. Indication is given about the capability of an energy source to produce electricity as well
[en] Electron beam accelerators are multipurpose electrical machines and excellent tools for numerous applications. The applications of electron beam accelerators range from fundamental research on particle interactions to numerous practical applications in the industry. The earliest applications of electron beam accelerators in the industry started in the middle of the last century and the list of applications is expanding ever since. The most common industrial applications are modifying the chemical and, consequently, the physical properties of rubber and plastic polymers to make better quality manufactured goods. Sterilizing medical products, particularly those with single use, food preservation and treatment of industrial wastes are some of the other well known and widely used applications. Reducing environmental pollution is, yet, another very important field of the industrial applications of electron beam accelerators. Some of the emerging applications are biofuel production, filter membrane modifications, human tissue sterilization, gem stone improvement and the list of applications is ever expanding . (author)
[en] The title plan (MPI, abbreviated in Dutch) of the Dutch natural gas trading and transporting industry concerns the support and stimulation of energy efficiency of industrial processes to save natural gas. MPI started in 1991 with 80 projects, which number has grown to 306 in the beginning of 1997. October 1, 1996, 230 projects were completed. Much of the current MPI-projects are follow-up projects. Some projects in different industrial sectors (chemistry, paper and board, dairy products, and margarine, fats and oils) are briefly outlined. 12 figs., 8 ills., 1 tab
[en] Advantages of Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) are explained. Some important NDT methods, namely, radiography, ultrasonic testing, magnetic particle and dye penetrant techniques are described. Before selecting any method, its limitations have to be considered. Scope of NDT during the stages of manufacture, erection and preventive maintenance of a structure is outlined. (M.G.B.)
[en] This study analyzed the relationship between the CO2 emissions of different industries and economic growth in OECD countries from 1970 to 2005. We tested an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis and found that total CO2 emissions from nine industries show an N-shaped trend instead of an inverted U or monotonic increasing trend with increasing income. The EKC hypothesis for sector-level CO2 emissions was supported in the (1) paper, pulp, and printing industry; (2) wood and wood products industry; and (3) construction industry. We also found that emissions from coal and oil increase with economic growth in the steel and construction industries. In addition, the non-metallic minerals, machinery, and transport equipment industries tend to have increased emissions from oil and electricity with economic growth. Finally, the EKC turning point and the relationship between GDP per capita and sectoral CO2 emissions differ among industries according to the fuel type used. Therefore, environmental policies for CO2 reduction must consider these differences in industrial characteristics. - Highlights: ► We analyze the relationship between CO2 emissions and economic growth by industry. ► Wood, paper, and construction industries have an inverted U-shaped relationship. ► The turning points differ among industries according to the fuel type used. ► The policies for CO2 reduction must consider differences in industrial characteristics
[en] A careful investigation of all relevant data of the process relevant CO2-pollution in Austria has been undertaken. About 3.5 million tons CO2-emission per year has been determined. This is 6% of the total CO2-emissions. 94% comes from fossil fuels. The most important polluters have been compiled. (Suda)