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[en] This study conducted infrared (IR) thermography tests using pipe and plate specimens with artificial wall-thinning defects to find an optimal condition for IR thermography test on the wall-thinned nuclear piping components. In the experiment halogen lamp was used to heat the specimens. The distance between the specimen and the lamp and the intensity of halogen lamp were regarded as experimental parameter. When the distance was set to 1∼2 m and the lamp intensity was above 60 % of full power, a single scanning of IR thermography detected all artificial wall-thinning defects, whose minimum dimension was 2θ = 90 .deg., d/t=0.5, and L/Do, within the pipe of 500 mm in length. Regardless of the distance between the specimen and the lamp, the image of wall-thinning defect in IR thermography became distinctive as the intensity of halogen lamp increased. The detectability of IR thermography was similar for both plate and pipe specimens, but the optimal test condition for IR thermography depended on the type of specimen
[en] Marangoni-Bénard convection, which is mainly driven by the thermocapillary (Marangoni) effect, occurs in a thin liquid layer heated uniformly from the bottom. The wavenumber of supercritical convection is studied experimentally in a 160×160 cavity that is heated from the bottom block. The convection pattern is visualized by an infrared thermography camera. It is shown that the onset of the Bénard cell is consistent with theoretical analysis. The wavenumber decreases obviously with increasing temperature, except for a slight increase near the onset. The wavenumber gradually approaches the minimum when the supercritical number ε is larger than 10. Finally, a formula is devised to describe the wavenumber selection in supercritical convection. (paper)
[en] This paper aims to understand current domestic arts-of-the-states of infrared thermography(IRT) through e-mail survey. This survey is conducted for relevant employers and researchers working in the area of IRT. By thoroughly analyzing some difficulties occurring in on-site fields and application study, it is assumed to be utilized into future research planning. In surveys, usefulness of IR camera, level of utilization, and correction status of IR detector including systems are also considered. for results, 1) analysis in domestic states, 2) satisfaction and problems of technology, and 3) improvement of IRT are described.
[en] Heat transfer from a heated plate to circular air jets issuing from a square array of nozzles is measured by means of an Infrared Scanning Radiometer (IRSR). Experimental tests are performed for different values of jet Reynolds number, nozzle-to-plate distance, nozzle-to-nozzle spacing and nozzle diameter. The two-dimensional character of IRSR and the possibility of processing digital thermal images on a computer allow to obtain surface temperature maps as well as to compute local heat transfer coefficient profiles. (author)
[en] The paper explains some opportunities and limitations of thermographic investigations in terms of their capability to define the conservative conditions of architectural heritage and in terms of the historical recollection for a technical diagnosis. Different approaches are demonstrated in two case studies: the first integrates thermography with other investigative methods; the second combines thermographic monitoring with hygrothermal monitoring. (author)
[en] In lock-in thermography, a phase difference between the defect area and the healthy area indicates the qualitative location and size of the defect. To accurately estimate these parameters, the shearing-phase technique has been employed which gives the shearing-phase distribution. The shearing-phase distribution has maximum, minimum, and zero points that help determine quantitatively the size and location of the subsurface defect. In experiment, the proposed technique is verified with artificial specimen and these related factors are analyzed
[en] The non-destructive testing using infrared thermography is extended to a variety of industries and non-destructive testing of welds using infrared thermography is also in progress in various ways. Currently, a non-destructive testing of electrical resistance spot welds which is mainly used is Radiography Testing. This study detected area of spot welds nugget using optical-infrared thermography. In the results, it is possible for detecting defects of nugget in a short period of time using pulse-infrared thermography.
[en] Infrared(IR) thermography method was developed as a result of an investigation into a means of deriving a more visual method of temperature analysis. It recently provides an excellent nondestructive testing(NDT) technique in a variety of industries such as nuclear power plant, fossil plants, etc.. This paper offers a basic principles of infrared radiation, the nature of instruments used for measurement and the applications
[en] In the industrial field, real-time monitoring system like a fault early detection is very important. For this, the infrared thermography technique as a new diagnosis method is proposed. This study is focused on the damage detection and temperature characteristic analysis of ball bearing using the non-destructive infrared thermography method. In this paper, thermal image and temperature data were measured by a Cedip Silver 450 M infrared camera. Based on the results, the temperature characteristics under the conditions of normal, loss lubrication, damage, dynamic loading, and damage under loading were analyzed. It was confirmed that the infrared technique is very useful for the detection of the bearing damage.