Results 1 - 10 of 1066
Results 1 - 10 of 1066. Search took: 0.024 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] In this work the process of PLA hydrolysis at high temperature was studied, in order to evaluate the possibility of chemical recycling of this polymer bio-based. In particular, the possibility to obtain the monomer of lactic acid from PLA degradation was investigated. The results of some preliminary tests, performed in a laboratory batch reactor at high temperature, are presented: the experimental results show that the complete degradation of PLA can be obtained in relatively low reaction times.
[en] Effective attachment of esophageal cells on biomaterials is one important requirement in designing engineered esophagus substitute for esophageal cancer treatment. In this study, poly(lactic acid) (PLA) was subjected to surface modification by coupling extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins on its surface to promote cell adhesion. Two typical ECM proteins, collagen type I (COL) and fibronectin (FN), were immobilized on the PLA surface with the aid of glutaraldehyde as a cross linker between aminolyzed PLA and ECM proteins. By using confocal reflectance interference contrast microscopy (C-RICM) integrating with phase contrast microscopy, the long-term adhesion dynamics of porcine esophageal fibroblasts (PEFs) on four types of surfaces (unmodified PLA, PLA-COOH, PLA-COL and PLA-FN) was investigated during 24 h of culture. It is demonstrated by C-RICM results that PEFs form strong adhesion contact on all four types of surfaces at different stages of cell seeding. Among the four surfaces, PEFs on the PLA-FN surface reach the maximum adhesion energy (9.5 x 10-7 J m-2) in the shortest time (20 min) during the initial stage of cell seeding. After adhesion energy reaches the maximum value, PEFs maintain their highly deformed geometries till they reached a steady state after 20 h of culture. F-actin immunostaining results show that the evolvement of spatial organization of F-actin is tightly correlated with the formation of adhesion contact and cell spreading. Furthermore, the cell attachment ratio of PEFs on PLA in 2 h is only 26% compared with 88% on PLA-FN, 73% on PLA-COL and 36% on PLA-COOH. All the results demonstrate the effect of surface functionalization on the biophysical responses of PEFs in cell adhesion. Fibronectin-immobilized PLA demonstrates promising potential for application as an engineered esophagus substitute
[en] Angiogenesis is central importance to tissue-engineering. Many vitro models are developed to study the mechanism of angiogenesis, making a great deal of contribution to drug development against tumor, and often may be expensive, time-consuming. Till now, few reported models have been applied to evaluating the effect of degradation fluid of tissue-engineering material to angiogenesis. In present study, we used ECV304 cell as the model cell line, type I collagen matrix that contained no stimulatory factors as a culture substratum to develop a testing model. Tube-like structure (TLS) formed within 8 h on lower density of collagen (0.2, 0.5 mg/ml), which is not found on dense collagen (1, 2 mg/ml). After ECV304 cells were seeded on the surface of collagen matrix, adherence occurred within 1 h. Soon afterwards, ECV304 cells migrated into cell aggregates, then sent out elongated cell processes to form TLS by cytoplasmic anastomosis. Proliferation was obviously perceived during the course. To investigate the efficiency of the model, we took poly(lactic acid) (PLA) degradation fluid with degradation time varying from 1 to 120 days as the testing material. TLS formation is enhanced by ECV304 cells exposed to early degradation fluid before 50-day point, and the trend of inhibition grew as the degradation time increased. Further, no formation was found in degradation fluid after 90-day point. The model is sensitive to the surrounding environment, and can demonstrate the effects of testing material quantitatively to angiogenesis. In summary, the simplicity, reproducibility and miniaturized character of the model described here may make it highly useful as a medium to test the effect of degradation fluid of tissue-engineering material to angiogenesis
[en] The effects of quenching from the melt on the isothermal crystallization of star-shaped four-armed stereo diblock poly(lactide) (4-LD) and four-armed poly(L-lactide) (4-L) polymers with different L-lactyl unit contents as low crystallizability models for the stereoblock copolymers or blends of poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) and poly(D-lactide) (PDLA) were investigated. Quenching induced both stereocomplex (SC)- and homo-crystallization of non-equimolar 4-LD polymers with L-lactyl unit contents around 30 and 70%, wherein both SC- and homo-crystallization were highly prohibited in other procedures, and enhanced nucleation of 4-LD and 4-L polymers compared to the samples without quenching, resulting in formation of a large number of small-sized crystalline assemblies. The results obtained in the present study strongly suggest that the procedure of isothermal crystallization after quenching from the melt is expected to be utilized for screening the crystallizability of SC- and homo-crystallites in various types of block copolymers and blends of PLLA and PDLA and for enhancing nucleation or formation of dense crystalline structure.
[en] Both R- and S-enantiomers of 3-monodeuterated lactic acid ([3-2H]-2(R) and 2(S)-hydroxypropanoic acids) were synthesized by regiospecific nucleophilic opening of diastereoisomer epoxides derived from D-mannitol, with lithium aluminium deuteride. Spectroscopic analysis of the product shows a complete deutero-incorporation which makes [3-2H]-lactic acid suitable as an internal standard using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. (author)
[en] The objective of this study was to develop a novel porous thin poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) film as a tissue-engineering scaffold for keratinocytes used for the replacement of damaged skin. Poly(D,l-lactic acid)/poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG: Mw 6000 or 15 000) blend films were formed by a spin coating technique. The properties and structures of these blend films were investigated. PDLA/PEG (6000) blend films were modified by microfibrillar collagen after water incubation to increase hydrophilicity and improve keratinocyte adhesion. Primary keratinocytes were seeded on PLA films, cultivated for 9 d and transplanted to rats with a model skin defect wound. The wound’s healing after keratinocyte transplantation was assayed with histological and immunochemical methods. It was found that skin damage recovery was the most effective after transplantation of keratinocytes on porous PLA film modified with collagen. (paper)
[en] Pre-chill broiler drumsticks were exposed to ultrasonic energy in water at 25 and 40 degrees C for 15 and 30 min to study the effect on skin microbial counts. Aerobic plate counts (APC) after 0, 7, and 14 days at 4 degrees C indicated no significant effects (p0.05) due to ultrasonication. In another experiment, post-chill broiler drumsticks were treated with ultrasonic energy in 1% lactic acid at pH 2 and 4 for 0.5, 2, and 3.5 min. After 0 and 10 days at 4 degrees C there was no significant effect (p0.05) of ultrasonication on APC
[en] The growing use of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and PLA-based nanocomposites in packaging has raised the interest of studying the mechanical recycling of the wastes and the properties of the recycled materials. The main objective of this work was to study the effect of two different mechanical recycling processes on the structure and properties of a PLA-montmorillonite nanocomposite. The two recycling processes included accelerated thermal and photochemical aging steps to simulate the degradation experienced by post-consumer plastics during their service life. One of them also included a demanding washing process prior to the reprocessing. A decrease in the molecular weight of PLA was observed in the recycled materials, especially in those subjected to the washing step, which explained the small decrease in microhardness and the increased water uptake at long immersion times. Water absorption at short immersion times was similar in virgin and recycled materials and was accurately described using a Fickian model. The recycled materials showed increased thermal, optical and gas barrier properties due to the improved clay dispersion that was observed by XRD and TEM analysis. The results suggest that recycled PLA-clay nanocomposites can be used in demanding applications.