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[en] It is presented an overview of the current status of Plasma Physics in latin America. A brief historical account is given. A comparison with the present situation in the U.K. is drawn. Only gaseous plasmas are considered. (author)
[pt]Apresenta-se o panorama do atual estado da fisica de plasmas na America Latina. Uma breve avaliacao historica e dada. Uma comparacao com a situacao atual do Reino Unido e delineada. Consideram-se somente plasmas gasosos. (M.C.K.)
[en] At the beginning of the 1990s the restructuring of the industrial organization and the regulatory regimes are probably the most important economic and institutional phenomenon in electricity supply industries Latin America countries. This paper analyses the main characteristics of the restructuring in Chili and Brazil. Two major problems are driving this changes: the financial constraints and economic inefficiencies. Despite institutional barriers to privatization initiatives, the participation of new private companies in electricity supply industrial, specially in generation side, is becoming the common aspect of restructuring. This solution requires new regulatory options and new coordination mechanisms. In this context, the electricity companies may promote innovative strategies and adapt their long-term decisions. (authors). 2 tabs., 30 refs
[en] To illustrate some of the diverse applications of coastal sediment radiochronology with 210Pb, in this chapter we briefly introduce examples coming mostly from Latin America. Though we recommend reading the original sources, we hope this summary helps choose those that seem most appropriate to each investigator. In the literature of the various chapters one can also find other great examples.
[es]Para ilustrar algunas de las muy diversas aplicaciones de la radiocronologia de sedimentos costeros con 210Pb, en este capitulo introducimos brevemente ejemplos que proceden mayoritariamente de Iberoamerica. Aunque recomendamos la lectura de las fuentes originales, esperamos que este resumen ayude a elegir aquellas que parezcan mas adecuadas a cada investigador. En la bibliografia de los diversos capitulos pueden encontrar tambien otros excelentes ejemplos.
[en] Each country was to find means of achieving sustainable development, and for this, technology within a framework of regional and international co-operation are of utmost importance. The IAEA plays a major role in promoting nuclear technologies for development. Highlights of the IAEA's technical cooperation programme are given in this paper
[en] The National Laboratory for Ionizing Radiation Metrology/IRD has promoted an intercomparison among secondary and tertiary dosemeters which have been used as national standards in Latin America. Thirteen therapy level and five protection level dosemeters were brought by representatives, of eight countries and were compared against two reference dosemeters brought by an IAEA staff member. As far as the stablished limits for discrepancies are concerned it was possible to detect that therapy level secondary standard dosemeters failed in 4 conditions when 46 were used; therapy tertiary dosemeters failed in 5 of the 15 test conditions and the protection level secondary dosemeters showed 4 discrepancies during the 21 test conditions. The exercise emphasized the importance of intercomparisons as part of a quality control programme to garantee the metrological quality and the coherency of standard dosemeters with international metrological system. (author)