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[en] Based on field survey data of 366 traditional households (THs) and 364 family farms (FFs) from Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, a discrete-time cloglog model for parameter estimation was constructed to reveal factors that affect the two types of farms’ duration from the awareness to the adoption of green control techniques (GCTs). Differences in the influencing factors affecting the duration of the two types of farmers were also discussed. The research results are as follows. First, the duration from awareness to adoption of GCTs is significantly shorter in FFs than that in THs. Second, a higher degree of education, risk preference, family financial status, perceived ease of use and usefulness of the technique, and extension of media and supervision of agricultural technique extension departments of local governments significantly reduce the duration from awareness to adoption of GCTs by THs and FFs, whereas a male head of household prolongs the duration. Third, the age, farm size, and number of laborers exert different impacts on the duration from awareness to adoption of GCTs by THs and FFs.
[en] Previous studies have primarily targeted at positive causal linkages between the logistics industry and economic benefits, resulting in biased findings without the consideration of undesirable social and environmental problems. Therefore, this paper aims to develop a holistic approach to the assessment of logistics efficiency, through considering comprehensive inputs and desirable and undesirable outputs. In specific, contextualized in China, this paper comprehensively examined the spatiotemporal variations of China logistics efficiency and further investigated the impact of some exogenous factors. Results indicate that the overall logistics efficiency of China was low, but temporally showed a trend of increase. Spatially, the logistics efficiency followed the pattern of Eastern > Central > Western > Northeastern. Moreover, for the spatial interaction among adjacent provinces, there occurred high–high patterns in the Eastern, and low–low aggregation in the Western and Northeastern regions. However, along with time, the spatial interaction among adjacent provinces was weakening. For exogenous factors, level of economic development, urbanization level, utilization rate of logistics resources, and location advantage had a significant positive impact on SLE, while the effect of labor quality was not significant. Overall, this paper enriches the theoretical understandings of sustainable logistics efficiency evaluation and unbiasedly inform central and local governments with approaches to optimizing logistics efficiency.
[en] The guidance given in the handbook is of general nature for the assistance of senior managers and administrators (rather than scientific or technical staff), involved in or responsible for work with ionising radiations. The subject is dealt with under the following headings: 1) Digest of the Regulations. 2) Application of Regulations (division of responsibility between employer, employee, supervisors, medical personnel etc., role of the Health and Safety Executive.) 3) Designation of work areas and persons 4) Radiation Protection Supervisors and Local Rules 5) Hazard assessments and contingency plans 6) Notifications and Record Keeping 7) Routines in source control. (UK)
[en] Wind power development has produced controversies in many places. Some people see wind power as a sustainable source of energy, others see it as destroying nature and landscapes. The opposition to wind power is often asserted to be from local forces and NIMBYism, and support to be based on the national and global benefits of increased supply of renewable energy. In this paper, I challenge this view by analyzing how local communities with established or planned wind power parks went through the process of developing wind power, what arguments they used and how they think about the wind power technology and its expected local effects. I found that most of the arguments in favor of wind power development addressed local concerns regarding the economy, modernization, and employment opportunities and not a need for sustainable energy. The opposition to wind power development was not based on NIMBYism. Rather, many different arguments were used, and the features of the controversies were distinct to each community. - Highlights: ► Local governments views on the possibilities concerning local wind power development. ► Identification of positive and negative arguments towards wind power development. ► Description of the controversies related to wind power development. ► The ‘actor-networks' role in the process.
[en] In the fight between state versus local control in Colorado's unconventional energy industry, Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs) signed directly between operators and local governments are becoming an increasingly popular strategy for formally integrating citizen concerns into oil and gas development. Yet little is known about how these agreements may shape public opinion of industry and local government. This article uses mixed methods to investigate if and how MOUs shaped public perceptions of the industry and the town government in a politically heterogeneous suburban Colorado town home to the state's first MOU. While public comments have become significantly more favorable toward oil and gas development over time, our research reveals that the MOU itself did not significantly change those perceptions. The more significant factor was the election of a town board committed to processes of engagement and transparency, including a meaningful revision of the original MOU. - Highlights: • MOUs provide communities with a formal mechanism for shaping energy development. • Local governance focused on transparency was more significant than MOUs for changing public perception. • Public trust in government increased more than did public trust in industry. • MOUs may become more prevalent as a local supraregulatory policy tool.