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[en] We study the appearance of bound states analogous to a quantum dot, proposed by Tan and Inkson (1996) , in the non-relativistic quantum dynamics of a neutral particle with permanent magnetic dipole moment induced by the non-inertial effects of the Fermi-Walker reference frame.
[en] Geometrical frustration is a condition that occurs when a material’s lattice geometry precludes minimizing the energy of all the interactions among pairs of neighbors simultaneously. Moreover, the simplest example is three antiferromagnetically coupled Ising spins, pointing up or down, on the corners of an equilateral triangle: It is also impossible to arrange the spins so that each pair is antiparallel. In more complex magnetic lattices, the frustrated state can arise from the combination of lattice geometry and the strength and sign of the interactions among the magnetic dipole moments.1 (See the article by Roderich Moessner and Art Ramirez, Physics Today, February 2006, page 24.) A wide variety of exotic and collective phenomena sometimes arises from the competing interactions. One prime example is spin liquids, materials in which the local atomic moments fluctuate down to the lowest accessible temperatures and never settle into a static ground-state configuration.
[en] Measurements of nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments are considered quite important for the understanding of nuclear structure both near and far from the valley of stability. The recent advent of radioactive beams has resulted in a plethora of new, continuously flowing, experimental data on nuclear structure – including nuclear moments – which hinders the information management. A new, dedicated, public and user friendly online database ( (http://magneticmoments.info)) has been created comprising experimental data of nuclear electromagnetic moments. The present database supersedes existing printed compilations, including also non-evaluated series of data and relevant meta-data, while putting strong emphasis on bimonthly updates. The scope, features and extensions of the database are reported.
[en] The claim that the model of a pair of fictitious magnetic charges, described in our recent paper, is that of an infinitely thin solenoid is a mistake, mainly based on misinterpretation of certain figures therein. (reply)
[en] The response of a molecule to a static inhomogeneous magnetic-field is rationalized via multipole magnetic susceptibilities and induced magnetic multipole and anapole moments. The energy of the molecule interacting with the external field is expressed as a Taylor series in the powers of the field and its gradient at the origin of the coordinate system. It involves magnetic multipole tensors of increasing rank, which can be evaluated via quantum mechanical approaches. An electronic energy shift is caused by the feed-back interaction between the induced magnetic dipole moment and the external magnetic field, and between the induced magnetic quadrupole moment and the gradient of the magnetic field. It is shown that, for a static magnetic field with uniform gradient, the magnetic quadrupole moment is origin-dependent, but the total interaction energy and the induced magnetic dipole are invariant to a translation of the coordinate system. The formal advantages of a Geertsen approach to third- and fourth-rank mixed-multipole susceptibilities are discussed
[en] We present comparisons of direct detection data for ''light WIMPs'' with an anapole moment interaction (ADM) and a magnetic dipole moment interaction (MDM), both assuming the Standard Halo Model (SHM) for the dark halo of our galaxy and in a halo-independent manner. In the SHM analysis we find that a combination of the 90% CL LUX and CDMSlite limits or the new 90% CL SuperCDMS limit by itself exclude the parameter space regions allowed by DAMA, CoGeNT and CDMS-II-Si data for both ADM and MDM. In our halo-independent analysis the new LUX bound excludes the same potential signal regions as the previous XENON100 bound. Much of the remaining signal regions is now excluded by SuperCDMS, while the CDMSlite limit is much above them. The situation is of strong tension between the positive and negative search results both for ADM and MDM. We also clarify the confusion in the literature about the ADM scattering cross section
[en] Transformation of the relativistic electromagnetic dipole moment is discussed. This quantity is set by an antisymmetric 4-tensor of rank 2, the time components of which define magnetic moment and the spatial ones - relativistic electric dipole moment. It is emphasized that experimental fact of absence of own electric dipole moment of elementary particle (when the magnetic moment is present) leads to definite condition for time coordinates of particle constituents - quarks. 7 refs
[en] In discussing radiation from multiple point charges or magnetic dipoles, moving in circles or ellipses, a variety of Kapteyn series of the second kind arises. Some of the series have been known in closed form for a hundred years or more, others appear not to be available to analytic persuasion. This paper shows how 12 such generic series can be developed to produce either closed analytic expressions or integrals that are not analytically tractable. In addition, the method presented here may be of benefit when one has other Kapteyn series of the second kind to consider, thereby providing an additional reason to consider such series anew
[en] Atomic level lifetimes have been measured on magnetic dipole (M1) transitions in Si-like, P-like, Ar-like, K-like, and Ca-like ions of Kr, using an electron-beam ion trap in magnetic trapping mode. The lifetimes are compared to various predictions, including the results of different calculations. In Ar-like ions, magnetic quadrupole (M2) transitions have been identified as significant competing decay channels