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[en] We classify regular subalgebras of Kac-Moody algebras in terms of their root systems. In the process, we establish that a root system of a subalgebra is always an intersection of the root system of the algebra with a sublattice of its root lattice. We also discuss applications to investigations of regular subalgebras of hyperbolic Kac-Moody algebras and conformally invariant subalgebras of affine Kac-Moody algebras. In particular, we provide explicit formulae for determining all Virasoro charges in coset constructions that involve regular subalgebras
[en] Inequalities for the derivatives with respect to φ=arg z the functions ReP(z), |P(z)|2 and arg P(z) are established for an algebraic polynomial P(z) at points on the circle |z|=1. These estimates depend, in particular, on the constant term and the leading coefficient of the polynomial P(z) and improve the classical Bernstein and Turan inequalities. The method of proof is based on the techniques of generalized reduced moduli
[en] This paper studies the derived categories of coherent sheaves on smooth complete algebraic varieties and equivalences between them. We prove that every equivalence of categories is represented by an object on the product of the varieties. This result is applied to describe the Abelian varieties and K3 surfaces that have equivalent derived categories of coherent sheaves
[en] This paper is devoted to the substantiation of a criterion for the quasisymmetric conjugacy of an arbitrary group of homeomorphisms of the real line to a group of affine transformations (the Ahlfors problem). In a criterion suggested by Hinkkanen the constants in the definition of a quasisymmetric homeomorphism were assumed to be uniformly bounded for all elements of the group. Subsequently, for orientation-preserving groups this author put forward a more relaxed criterion, in which one assumes only the uniform boundedness of constants for each cyclic subgroup. In the present paper this relaxed criterion is proved for an arbitrary group of line homeomorphisms, which do not necessarily preserve the orientation.
[en] Starting from iterated systems, it is shown that the homoclinic (heteroclinic) orbit is a kind of spiral structure. The emphasis is laid to show that there are homoclinic or heteroclinic orbits in complex discrete and continuous systems, and these homoclinic or heteroclinic orbits are some kind of spiral structure.