Results 1 - 10 of 186
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[en] Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) characteristics of resistors, inductors and integrated-circuit (IC) chips, extracted from new generation smart phones, were investigated for the purpose of retrospective accident dosimetry. Inductor samples were found to exhibit OSL sensitivity about 5 times and 40 times higher than that of the resistors and the IC chips, respectively. On post-irradiation storage, the resistors exhibited a much higher OSL fading (about 80 % in 36 h as compared to the value 3 min after irradiation) than IC chips (about 20 % after 36 h) and inductors (about 50 % in 36 h). Higher OSL sensitivity, linear dose response (from 8.7 mGy up to 8.9 Gy) and acceptable fading make inductors more attractive for accident dosimetry than widely studied resistors. - Highlights: • OSL properties of electronic components from a smart phone were investigated. • OSL Sensitivity of inductor was estimated to 5 times higher than that of resistor. • Inductor exhibits most attractive properties for retrospective accident dosimetry.
[en] Recommender Systems are valuable tools to deal with the problem of overloaded information faced by most of the users in case of making purchase decision to buy any item. Recommender systems are used to provide recommendations in many domains such as movies, books, digital equipment’s, etc. The massive collection of available books online presents a great challenge for users to select the relevant books that meet their preferences. Users usually read few pages or contents to decide whether to buy a certain book or not. Recommender systems provide different value addition factors such as similar user ratings, users past history, user profiles, etc. to facilitate the users in terms of providing relevant recommendations according to their preferences. Recommender systems are broadly categorized into content based approach and collaborative filtering approach. Content based or collaborative filtering approaches alone are not sufficient to provide most accurate and relevant recommendations under diverse scenarios. Therefore, hybrid approaches are also designed by combining the features of both the content based and collaborative filtering approaches to provide more relevant recommendations. This paper proposes an efficient hybrid recommendation scheme for mobile platform that includes the traits of content based and collaborative filtering approaches in addition of the context based approach that is included to provide the latest books recommendations to user.Objective and subjective evaluation measures are used to compute the performance of the proposed system. Experimental results are promising and signify the effectiveness of our proposed hybrid scheme in terms of most relevant and latest books recommendations. (author)
[en] Today, smart cities are presented as a solution to achieve a more sustainable urban development while increasing the quality of life of its citizens through the use of new technologies (Neirotti, 2013). Smart Mobility is based on innovative and sustainable ways to provide transport for the inhabitants of cities, enhancing the use of fuels or vehicle propulsion systems that respect the environment, supported by technological tools and a proactive behaviour of citizenship (Neirotti, 2013). In urban mobility, the purpose of the Smart Cities is to develop flexible systems for real-time information to support decision-making in the use and management of different transport modes, generating a positive impact, saving users time and improving efficiency and quality of service. In this context, several solution types are being introduced in the world’s cities. They enable the improvement of the abovementioned factors acting on the demand side resulting in more efficient journeys for individual travelers, and improved satisfaction with the service. (Skelley et Al., 2013) with a lower level of investment than that of infrastructure deployment or an increase in the level of service. One of the most extended solutions is the use of mobile apps for providing the user with contextualized -static and real time- transport information. The study is based on a survey carried out among users of public transport in Madrid under the European OPTICITES project of the 7th Research Framework Programme. The survey contained items on their transportation habits, their level of skills and technological capabilities, and their main expectations about the possibility of using a new application, the main desired capabilities and willingness to pay for use. The study results show the preferences of users of public transport capacity, static, real-time search and in-app services for a multimodal real-time application and willingness to pay for this service, all analyzed by different Slicers users. The results also establish the basis for an estimate of the usefulness of these applications for users of public transport. (Author)
[en] Present work is devoted to influence of electromagnetic waves of a mobile communication network. The negative effects of electromagnetic waves of mobile network are confirmed by numerous studies in the field of medicine and biology. Since the analysis of degree of influence is complicated by measuring the energy parameters of electromagnetic waves generated by mobile communication network, the work presents the results of numerical calculations that logically confirm the degree of exposure of a mobile phone and a base station under various conditions. (author)
[en] This study develops MHGM (1,1) (Modified Hybrid Grey Model) which is the combination of two models first one is improved GM (1,1), this model consists of optimization of initial and background values and other is concave EDDGM (1,1) (Dynamic Discrete Grey Model) termed, in this model equal division technique is applied to fit the concavity of cumulative sequence and after that created dynamic average value and on the basis of that dynamic average value dynamic discrete GM (1,1) model is established and by the gradual heuristics method or the dichotomy approach the initial equal division number is obtained. We have fixed equal division number 'n' between 0 and 1in MHGM (1,1). For forecasting of starting half years we use y(0)(m) as initial condition of model in time restored function and also multiply by a factor e-b 1 to adjust the model. This model has applied without solving by heuristics or dichotomy method. Subscribers of cellular networks increase day by day in Pakistan; cellular industry has total five networks in Pakistan. In this paper data of three cellular networks subscribers that are Mobilink, Ufone and Zong have taken as application of models and it has been proved by using mean absolute percentage error that the forecast accuracy of MHGM (1,1) is better than GM (1,1) (Grey Model) and improved grey model (1,1). (author)
[en] In this paper, we present and evaluate a new approach to communicate with inter-integrated circuit (I2C) enabled circuits such as sensors over near field communication (NFC). The NFC-to-I2C interface was designed using a non-standard NFC command to control the I2C bus directly from a smartphone, which was controlling both, the read and write operations on the I2C bus. The NFC-to-I2C interface was reporting back the data bytes on the bus to the smartphone when the transaction was completed successfully. The proposed system was tested experimentally, both, with write and read requests to a commercial microcontroller featuring a hardware I2C port, as well as reading a commercial I2C enabled humidity and temperature sensor. We present experimental results of the system which show that our approach enables an easy interface between smartphones and external sensors. Interfacing external sensors is useful and beneficial for smartphone users, especially, if certain types of sensors are not available on smartphones. (paper)
[en] Background: We investigated whether radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) from mobile phones and other wireless devices or by the wireless device use itself due to non-radiation related factors in that context are associated with an increase in health symptom reports of adolescents in Central Switzerland. Methods: In a prospective cohort study, 439 study participants (participation rate: 36.8%) aged 12–17 years, completed questionnaires about their mobile and cordless phone use, their self-reported symptoms and possible confounding factors at baseline (2012/2013) and one year later (2013/2014). Operator recorded mobile phone data was obtained for a subgroup of 234 adolescents. RF-EMF dose measures considering various factors affecting RF-EMF exposure were computed for the brain and the whole body. Data were analysed using a mixed-logistic cross-sectional model and a cohort approach, where we investigated whether cumulative dose over one year was related to a new onset of a symptom between baseline and follow-up. All analyses were adjusted for relevant confounders. Results: Participation rate in the follow-up was 97% (425 participants). In both analyses, cross-sectional and cohort, various symptoms tended to be mostly associated with usage measures that are only marginally related to RF-EMF exposure such as the number of text messages sent per day (e.g. tiredness: OR:1.81; 95%CI:1.20–2.74 for cross-sectional analyses and OR:1.87; 95%CI:1.04–3.38 for cohort analyses). Outcomes were generally less strongly or not associated with mobile phone call duration and RF-EMF dose measures. Conclusions: Stronger associations between symptoms of ill health and wireless communication device use than for RF-EMF dose measures were observed. Such a result pattern does not support a causal association between RF-EMF exposure and health symptoms of adolescents but rather suggests that other aspects of extensive media use are related to symptoms. - Highlights: • This is a prospective cohort study with approximately one year of follow-up. • Self-reported and operator recorded mobile phone use data were collected. • The cumulative RF-EMF dose for the brain and for the whole body was calculated. • Associations were stronger for the use of wireless devices than for RF-EMF dose. • This suggests that rather aspects of extensive media use than RF-EMF are related to symptoms.
[en] Since mobile phones are always carried by individuals, the retrospective dosimetry using thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) characteristics of elements in mobile phone is intensively developing nowadays due to its advantages over conventional biological dosimetry techniques. Using a TL and OSL method on resistors and inductors in a mobile phone, a low background dose (zero dose) about tens of mGy is acquired in previous study. Radiation workers have to wear a dosimeter to assess individual exposure during their works. This monitoring system facilitate a fast medical treatment for highly exposed workers in case of a radiation accident. In the event of large-scale radiation accidents, where most of the subjects are ordinary people, it is difficult to evaluate the individual dose due to the absence of dosimeters. A technique for dose evaluation using a radiation dependency of various materials in the absence of a dosimeter is called retrospective dosimetry.
[en] Muons are elementary particles that constantly bombard the Earth’s surface. Teams at MIT were able to construct and provide blueprints for a ‘household level’ muon detector which needs to be hooked to desktop PCs. The work was further extended at the University of Calgary by allowing the muon detector to instead be able to communicate with mobile devices (such as Android phones). This allows the previously immobile detector to take readings at a range of locations to see comparisons in the muon event rates. Ten-minute trials with the detector were run indoors and outdoors at roughly the same height level to see the effects of wooden ceilings on muon events. We were able to note 2337 and 2500 muon events indoors and outdoors respectively. Further UI development to the Android application can set the foundation for becoming a valuable lab exercise for high school level students. (author)