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[en] Secretary of Energy Steven Chu gave the keynote address at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. In his talk, Secretary Chu highlighted the need to 'unleash America's science and research community' to achieve energy breakthroughs. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss 'Science for our Nation's Energy Future.' In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.
[en] In order to reduce fuel import for district heating (DH) the increase of indigenous fuels as peat and wood in heat production is required. The annual peat (0.5-0.6 · 106 t) productivity and wood (ca 4 · 106 t) is equal to 5.5-6.6 TJ and 48 TJ respectively. There are enough already drained mires and peat-fields in the radius of 50 km from Tallinn, Tartu and Paernu to cover the demands for fuel peat for the next 70 years without specific danger to the environment. Simultaneously, it cares be harvested about 3-4 mil.m3/y-1 of wood for energy purposes with extra 1 mil.m3/y-1 of wood from brushwoods growing on previous agricultural fields and road edges. Domestic biofuels can be used profitably first of all in small and medium size boilers close to the resources. Investments which would allow efficient use of low-cost domestic fuels would significantly contribute to improved trade balance.(author). 3 tabs
[en] An actual forecast of national strategy for energy development is presented. The legislation framework, trends, taking into account in the forecasting as well as the leading purposes in country development are described. The influence factors on the power sources structure and the approach for the steady electricity supply provision are shown
[en] The article is the text of a lecture delivered by the Minister of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic. The changes in the Czech energy sector following the political change in 1989 are highlighted. The basic strategic goal in the energy policy of the Czech Government consists in ensuring a stable and reliable power supply while promoting provisions in the production and energy raw material procurement and in the related pricing that would be in support of the strong system provisions within the whole Czech national economy. In the short run, the privatization and restructuring of the Czech power sector will be completed, the share of state ownership in utilities will be reduced, and control mechanisms to affect the function of natural monopolies will be developed. Environmental aspects of the Czech energy policy are particularly aimed at reducing the final consumption of solid fuels, reducing air pollution by flue ashes, phasing-out fossil fuel fired power plants, and increasing power generation by nuclear power plants. The governmental pricing control policy expects that the fuel and power retail prices will be increasing about 15% annually till the year 2000. (J.B.)
[en] This report reviews activities of Nuclear Energy Unit of the ministry of Energy and Mineral Development during 2010/11 financial calendar. It highlights IAEA's commitment to procuring a Cobolt 60 machine for Mulago Hospital during the 55th conference. Also available in the report are the Technical Cooperation projects initiated for the project title 2012/2013; policy, legal and regulatory framework and an in-house sensization to make the public aware of the atomic energy practices in the country.
[en] The policy of the Flemish region (Belgium) with regard to the total energy principle are presented. An overview of the main policy instruments to support energy saving and environmental-friendly investments as well as the development of new technologies is given. The total energy policy of the Flanders Region forms part of the general Flemish (energy) policy. (A.S.)