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[en] Isobaric charge-exchange reactions induced by different tin isotopes have been investigated at GSI. The high-resolving power of the FRS spectrometer made it possible to separate elastic and inelastic components in the missing-energy spectra of the ejectiles. The inelastic component was associated to the in-medium excitation of nucleon resonances such as the Delta and Roper resonances. These data are expected to contribute to better understand the in-medium properties of baryon resonances but also to investigate the abundance of protons and neutrons at the nuclear periphery.
[en] Observations of magneto-hydro-dynamic (MHD) induced redistribution or loss of energetic ions measured using the vertically scanning capability of the Neutral Particle Analyzer diagnostic on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) are presented along with TRANSP and ORBIT code analysis of the results. Although redistribution or loss of energetic ions due to bursting fishbone-like and low-frequency (f ∼ 10 kHz) kinktype MHD activity has been reported previously, the primary goal of this work is to study redistribution or loss due to continuous Alfvenic (f ∼ 20-150 kHz) modes, a topic that heretofore has not been investigated in detail for NSTX plasmas. Initial indications are that the former drive energetic ion loss whereas the continuous Alfvenic modes only cause redistribution and the energetic ions remain confined.
[en] An overview of the developments post-circa 1980's of the instrumentation and application of charge exchange neutral particle diagnostics on Magnetic Fusion Energy experiments is presented.
[en] Charge exchange (CX) neutral fluxes were measured by neutral particle analyzer (NPA) in plasma discharges sustained by the W7-X-like radio frequency (RF) antenna in the Uragan-2M (U-2M) stellarator. CX fluxes in pure hydrogen discharge (B0 = 0.36 T, f = 4.926 MHz) in stellarator configuration (effective perpendicular ion temperature T⊥ ≈ 450 eV) is less energetic in comparison with U-2M hybrid configuration (T⊥ ≈ 800 eV). RF discharge in stellarator configuration with helium and hydrogen mixture (B0 = 0.351 T; f = 5.156 MHz, P = 6·10-4Torr) shows more energetic CX fluxes (T⊥ ≈ 1 keV). The ion cyclotron frequency distribution across the U-2M plasma has been studied numerically. These calculations are accompanied by direct measurement of the RF frequency by magnetic sensor. The ion cyclotron frequency is present in plasma bulk of all discharges under consideration. (author)
[en] In ITER diagnostics will operate in the very hard radiation environment of fusion reactor. Extensive technology studies are carried out during development of the ITER diagnostics and procedures of their calibration and remote handling. Results of these studies and practical application of the developed diagnostics on ITER will provide the direct input to DEMO diagnostic development. The list of DEMO measurement requirements and diagnostics will be determined during ITER experiments on the bases of ITER plasma physics results and success of particular diagnostic application in reactor-like ITER plasma. Majority of ITER diagnostic already passed the conceptual design phase and represent the state of the art in fusion plasma diagnostic development. The number of related to DEMO results of ITER diagnostic studies such as design and prototype manufacture of: neutron and γ–ray diagnostics, neutral particle analyzers, optical spectroscopy including first mirror protection and cleaning technics, reflectometry, refractometry, tritium retention measurements etc. are discussed
[en] The design of experimental apparatus for the mass-spectrometer analysis of neutral component of sputtered particle flux is offered. The apparatus is assembled on base of high-dose ion implanter, which allows working in a broad energy range of primary ions (20...170 keV). The ionization of neutral particles is accomplished by means of focused electron beam in a Nier-type ion source. Besides registration of secondary neutrals, the presented apparatus can analyze secondary ions and ions of residual gases in working chamber, that considerably spreads its experimental capabilities. Special attention is given to effective suppression of a current of secondary ions and ions of residual vacuum medium in a mode of analysis of secondary neutrals. The spectra of secondary ions and secondary neutrals of binary alloy Ni40Au60 are presented and their comparative analysis is conducted. The capability of realization of mass-spectrometer analysis of semiconductors and dielectrics in a mode of registration of secondary neutrals is showed
[en] An important and not well-understood problem in the Reversed Field Pinch configuration is the anomalous ion heating. In all Ohmically heated RFPs, the ion temperature has been experimentally observed to be higher than can be accounted for by equilibration of energy from an Ohmically heated electron population. The mechanism driving the ions to such high energies is still debated. Different possible explanations have been investigated: kinetic Alfven waves turbulence, MHD relaxation processes and the excitation of an ion electrostatic wave by supra-thermal electrons. The measurement of the ion temperature is important in order to evaluate confinement. Furthermore, measurements can provide information on the mechanism behind the anomalous ion heating. The ion temperature is calculated from the neutral particles energy spectrum obtained by a neutral particles energy analyser based on the time of flight specifically developed for EXTRAP - T2R and here described in detail
[en] Initial results obtained with the Neutral Particle Analyzer (NPA) diagnostic on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) are presented. Magnetohydrodynamic activity and reconnection events cause depletion of the deuterium energetic ion distribution created by neutral-beam injection. Adding High Harmonic Fast Wave Heating to neutral-beam-heated discharges results in the generation of an energetic ion tail above the beam injection energy. NPA measurements of the residual hydrogen ion temperature are in good agreement with those from recombination spectroscopy