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[en] Written by a group of senior readers in nuclear chemistry at the three major Czechoslovak universities - the Charles University, Prague, the Masaryk University, Brno, and the Comenius University, Bratislava, the book contains the following chapters: 1. Subatomic structure of matter; 2. Nuclear transmutations; 3. Properties of nuclides and nucleogenesis; 4. Effects of nuclear radiation; 5. Analysis of nuclides; 6. Production of radionuclides and labelled compounds; 7. The method of isotopic tracers; 8. Interaction methods of analysis; 9. Nuclear-chemical technology; 10. Radionuclides in the environment. (Z.S.)
[en] I am pleased to speak at the Fortieth Gordon Conference on Nuclear Chemistry. I served as Chairman of the first Gordon Conference on Nuclear Chemistry held June 23--27, 1952, at New Hampton, New Hampshire. In my remarks, during which I shall quote from my journal, I shall describe some of the background leading up to the first Gordon Conference on Nuclear Chemistry and my attendance at the first seven Gordon Conferences during the period 1952 through 1958. I shall also quote my description of my appearance as the featured speaker at the Silver Anniversary of the Gordon Research Conferences on December 27, 1956 held at the Commodore Hotel in New York City. I shall begin with reference to my participation in the predecessor to the Gordon Conferences, the Gibson Island Research Conferences 45 years ago, on Thursday, June 20, 1946, as a speaker. This was 15 years after the start of these conferences in 1931. Neil Gordon played a leading role in these conferences, which were named (in 1948) in his honor -- the Gordon Research Conferences -- soon after they were moved to Colby Junior College, New London, New Hampshire in 1947. W. George Parks became Director in 1947, Alexander Cruickshank became Assistant Director in 1947 and Director in 1968
[en] Nuclear chemistry is usually associated with great disasters, especially the atomic bomb; this without reflecting that knowledge of nuclear chemistry has also had many benefits in the field of medicine and health. Whereas in technologically advanced countries, nuclear chemistry is considered to be an important part of the syllabus, including topics such as radioactivity with the emphasis in making conscience in the common citizen of the inherent benefits. (author)
[en] Over recent years, within the community of radiopharmaceutical sciences, there has been an increased incidence of incorrect usage of established scientific terms and conventions, and even the emergence of ‘self-invented’ terms. Here, in order to address these concerns, an international Working Group on ‘Nomenclature in Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry and related areas’ was established in 2015 to achieve clarification of terms and to generate consensus on the utilisation of a standardised nomenclature pertinent to the field. Upon open consultation, the following consensus guidelines were agreed, which aim to: Provide a reference source for nomenclature good practice in the radiopharma-ceutical sciences; Clarify the use of terms and rules concerning exclusively radiopharmaceutical terminology, i.e. nuclear- and radiochemical terms, symbols and expressions; Address gaps and inconsistencies in existing radiochemistry nomenclature rules; Provide source literature for further harmonisation beyond our immediate peer group (publishers, editors, IUPAC, pharmacopoeias, etc.).
[en] This third, completely revised edition of the textbook presents a comprehensive survey in 15 chapters with six annexes, of a very important area of inorganic chemistry. The entire text has been revised for this latest edition, in order to make sure that all information is updated by latest findings and data, to reflect current knowledge. Chapter 2 for instance now covers the latest state of the art in elementary particle research. In chapers 5 and following, the recently introduced Becquerel (Bq) as a measuring unit for radioactivity is explained. The synthesis of the elements 107 through 109 has been added to chapter 14. Annex IV, Dosimetry and Radiation Protection, presents the latest amendment of the Radiation Protection Ordinance and the new units applied in radiation protection. Finally, readers will find in a pocket at the back of the book a four-colour print of the 5th edition 1981 of the Karlsruhe Chart of Nuclides. (orig./BBR) With 1 separate chart of nuclides
[de]Die dritte, neubearbeitete Auflage des umfangreichen Lehrbuches bietet in 15 Kapiteln und 6 Anhaengen eine geschlossene Darstellung eines wichtigen Teils der Anorganischen Chemie. Der gesamte Text wurde ueberarbeitet, um neue Befunde aufzunehmen und Daten zu ergaenzen oder den juengsten Wissensstand anzupassen. So ist im Kapitel 2 der neue Stand der Entwicklung auf dem Gebiet der Elementarteilchen beruecksichtigt. Als Einheit der Radioaktivitaet wird in erster Linie das Becquerel (Bq) benutzt (Kapitel 5 und folgende Kapitel). In Kapitel 14 wird auf die Synthese der Elemente 107 bis 109 eingegangen. Die Verwendung neuer Einheiten im Strahlenschutz und die Neufassung der Strahlenschutzverordnung bedingten umfangreiche Aenderungen im Anhang IV, Dosimetrie und Strahlenschutz. Dem Buch ist die 5. Auflage der Karlsruher Nuklidkarte jetzt im Vierfarbendruck beigefuegt. (orig./BBR) With 1 separate chart of nuclides
[en] The Fifth Symposium on Nuclear Analytical Chemistry (NAC-V) was organized at BARC, Mumbai during January 20-24, 2014 with more than 300 participants. It was sponsored by the Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India and organized in cooperation with the IAEA and coorganized by the IANCAS. A total of 240 contributed abstracts along with 27 invited talks and 10 invited short talks were presented in 15 technical sessions. Selected 54 full papers of NAC-V have been accepted after review for publication in special issue of JRNC. (author)
[en] The described methods emerged from practical training courses and advanced training courses and have proved effective for years in practise. The book is a reliable giude to the handling of radioactive materials which demands knowledge and responsible action. The safe handling of radioactive substances requires a good understanding of nuclear chemistry processes and reactions, and proven manual skills. The book offers both.(orig.)
[de]Die beschriebenen Methoden sind aus Praktika und Fortbildungskursen hervorgegangen und haben sich seit Jahren im Einsatz bewaehrt. Das Buch ist somit ein verlaesslicher Leitfaden fuer den Umgang mit strahlenden Stoffen, der in besonderem Masse Kompetenz und verantwortliches Handeln verlangt. Fuer das sichere Arbeiten bedarf es des Verstaendnisses nuklearchemischer Vorgaenge ebenso wie erprobter Handfertigkeiten. Das Buch vermittelt beides. (orig.)
[en] Full text: The developing and improving of accelerating techniques for producing beams of high energy particles, along with the new possibilities for using polarized beams, are stimulating theatrical and experimental investigations of the interaction of fast particles and matter. The Bremsstrahlung of polarized electrons have circular and linear polarization. The investigation of the Bremsstrahlung of polarized electrons theatrical and practical importance. In our work, by considering the initial and final felicity of electron and taking into account the circular and linear polarization of the photon, differential and integral effective cross-section is calculated. Besides, spin correlations and the reflection probability of the spin of the electron is carried out and this diagrammatic representation is pictured. Linear polarization of photon is calculated and the degree of polarization is related to the achieved formula and this formula is graphically drawn
[en] Complete text of publication follows. The story of organising the 5th-International Nuclear Chemistry Congress have started at the RANC-2016 where the organisers from Chalmers met up with the INCC board headed by Professor Flavia Groppi. We heard that the four previous conferences have been very well received, however Chalmers had only been present in the 2nd one. The previous conferences were: 1st in Kusadasi (Turkey 2005), the 2nd in Cancun (Mexico 2008), the 3rd in Sicily (Italy 2011), and the 4th in Maresias (Brazil 2014). Compared with these locations Goteborg seemed a bit less attractive with its weather dominated by horizontal rain. However, we decided for end of August which is usually a better season (Fig. 1). Exactly as we had hoped the weather was with us from the beginning. The conference was opened by Professor Christian Ekberg giving a short summary of the role of Sweden in the history of mankind (Fig. 2). The First plenary lecture of the congress entitled 'Periodic footprints in history, from D to Pu' was given by Professor Lars Ohrstrom of the Chalmers University of Technology (Fig. 3). He is the author of several popular books about chemistry and chemical elements. His talk gave a very good and broad start of the program that encompassed the following keynote speakers in each given field: Nuclear and Related Techniques by Prof Ingmar Persson of Sweden, Radiochemistry by Prof. Jukka Lehto of Finland, Radiation Chemistry by Dr. Bruce Mincher of the USA (Fig. 4), Radioanalytical Chemistry by Dr. Henrik Ramebaeck of Sweden, Education in Nuclear Chemistry by Prof. Jon Petter Omtvedt of Norway, Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry by Dr. Frank Bruchertseifer of Germany, Radioecology and Geochemistry by Prof. Lindis Skipperud of Norway, Radiation Protection by Prof. Geraldine Thomas of the UK, Nuclear Reactors by Prof. Janne Wallenius of Sweden, and Nuclear Forensics by David Kenneth Smith of the IAEA. In total we had more than 100 participants from all over the world and a full week of lectures were given in parallel sessions. The conference dinner was given at the Carlsten Fortress where the participants learned to use a flint lock rifle and had a Viking inspired dinner (Fig. 5). As organisers we are very happy to have been given the opportunity to host this 5th INCC in Goteborg and enclosed in this volume of JRNC you will find some of the papers presented during this hectic week in August 2017.