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[en] A possibility of P type nuclear emulsion sensitivity increase by means of an electric field of 4x106 V/cm2 strength is investigated. Emulsion (10 μm thick on 50 μm thick lavsan basis) was irradiated by a pulsed ligtht source with luminescence duration of 10-6 s in model experiments. Seven-fold increase of sensitivity without fog growth is attained. Application of 103 electric pulses to emulsion did not result in appearance of fog
[en] This article is devoted to the methods of processing nuclear emulsions with an automatic scanning station. A description of the method of reconstruction for tracks located in the plane of the emulsion based on the Hough transform algorithm is given.
[en] A method is proposed for introducing lithium into thicklayered nuclear photoemulsions by treating them with lithium salt solutions. A distinctive feature of this method is that the photoemulsion is first treated with an aqueous-alcoholic solution of glycerol and then the glycerol-treated emulsion layer is covered with an aqueous solution of lithium acetate, 55-75 mg lithium per 1 cm3 of emulsion. The proposed method is capable of introducing 3 to 5 times more lithium than any method known
[en] Fast 4π solid angle particle track recognition has been a challenge in particle physics for a long time, especially in using nuclear emulsion detectors. The recent advances in computing technology opened the way for its realization. A fast 4π solid angle particle track reconstruction based on GPU technology combined with a multithread programming is reported here with a detailed comparison of processing time by CPUs with respect to using GPUs. By employing 3 state-of-the-art GPUs with a multithread programming, a 60 times faster processing of 3D emulsion detector data has been achieved with an excellent tracking performance in comparison with a single-thread CPU processing, corresponding to processing of 15 cm2 emulsion surface scanned per hour
[en] The information content of the diffraction pattern in the region of very high orders is considered. It is shown that high order diffraction pattern represents a superresolution width indicator of the particle track in nuclear emulsion. A principally new experimental setup designed for width measurements of the wires and particle tracks is described. The first experiments performed for tungsten wire as an object are presented. It is shown that the relative error of the measurement made by this new technique is as small as 0.03% for tungsten wire of the diameter ≅26 μm.
[en] A method is suggested for determination of the thickness of nuclear photoemulsions applied in luminous- and electron-microscopy autoradiography. The method is based on measuring both the speed of sample withdrawal out of the emulsion melt and the thickness of the emulsion layer applied. The emulsion layer is obtained by the slide submergence technique. Using the least square fit the curve was obtained for the dependence of the emulsion applied layer thickness on the speed of sample withdrawal out of the emulsion melt. The proportionality coefficient, k, has been defined, to characterize the emulsion properties. Thus, basing on the emulsion thickness required for the autoradiography system and knowing the k value, it is possible to determine the sample withdrawal speed corresponding to the given thickness. Every type of emulsion has its own k-value which also depends on the batch of the nuclear emulsion used