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[en] We report characteristics of CeCoIn5/Al/AlOx/Nb and CeCoIn5/Al/AlOx/Al tunnel junctions fabricated on the (0 0 1) surface of CeCoIn5 crystal platelets. The main result of this work is the observation of a low Josephson current (as compared with that expected from the Ambegaokar-Baratoff formula), which is consistent with idea that the order parameter in the heavy-fermion superconductor CeCoIn5 has unconventional pairing symmetry.
[en] We investigate the warm inflation condition in loop quantum cosmology. In our consideration, the system is described by a tachyon field interacted with radiation. The exponential potential function, V(φ)=V0e-αφ, with the same order parameters V0 and α, is taken as an example of this tachyon warm inflation model. We find that, for the strong dissipative regime, the total number of e-folds is less than the one in the classical scenario, and for the weak dissipative regime, the beginning time of the warm inflation will be later than the tachyon (cool) inflation.
[en] A supercooled liquid is viewed to have regions of local orientational order which can be picturized in terms of cages that restrict single particle diffusion. The mismatch in the orientation of two locally ordered neighbouring regions causes an internal stress which is added to the stress that appears in the Maxwell model of viscoelasticity. This leads to a ''renormalized'' Maxwell time which is related to the susceptibility associated with the orientational order. Hence, when the latter becomes very large, one obtains a large enhancement of the viscosity. (author). 7 refs
[en] Inverse spectral problems are studied for arbitrary order differential operators on a finite interval with jump conditions inside the interval. Properties of spectral characteristics are obtained, and uniqueness theorems are proved for this class of inverse problems.
[en] The duality properties of simple Z(N) gauge theories are discussed. For N<=4 we find self duality in four dimensions, and we give the transition points. For N>4 these systems are not self dual. Also the order parameter is discussed. The general Z(N) gauge theory is found to be self dual for all N
[en] This paper presents an adaptive system identification approach to identify the order and parameters of a specific type of variable order systems, which, as a motivating example, describes the stress-strain relation of viscoelastic materials. First, the concept of non-integer order modeling will be introduced. Next, the proposed order/parameter identification approach will be presented. Afterwards, a simulation study is performed to validate the identification approach. Finally, the method will be applied on real data gathered from an experimental study for further validation.
[en] We study a three-component superfluid Fermi gas in a spherically symmetric harmonic trap using the Bogoliubov-deGennes method. We predict a coexistence phase in which two pairing field order parameters are simultaneously non-zero, in stark contrast to studies performed for trapped gases using local density approximation. We also discuss the role of atom number conservation in the context of a homogeneous system.
[en] We study the properties of a quasi-one-dimensional superconductor which consists of an alternating array of two inequivalent chains. This model is a simple caricature of a striped high temperature superconductor, and is more generally a theoretically controllable system in which the superconducting state emerges from a non-Fermi-liquid normal state. Even in this limit, ''d -wave-like'' order parameter symmetry is natural, but the superconducting state can either have a complete gap in the quasiparticle spectrum, or gapless ''nodal'' quasiparticles. We also find circumstances in which antiferromagnetic order (typically incommensurate) coexists with superconductivity
[en] It is shown that if the dipolar energy is ignored, superfluid He-A exhibits one additional line singularity besides the one obtained by Toulouse and Kleman. In addition, point singularities in the spin vector are now possible
[en] The soliton solutions are constructed for the system of arbitrary-order coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equations . The necessary and sufficient conditions of existence of these solutions are obtained. It is shown that the maximum number of solitons in nondegenerate case is 4L, where L is order of the system. (author)