Results 1 - 10 of 4983
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[en] Different from the usual tetraquark assignment to charged Z(3885) and Z(4025) charmoniumlike structures, in this letter we propose a universal non-resonant explanation to decode these Z’s, which is based on a special dynamical behavior of ee→Dπ. Our study shows that Z(3885) and Z(4025) are only the reflection from the P-wave charmed meson D(2420) involved in ee→Dπ. Obviously, the present work provides a unique perspective, which can be examined by future experiments like BESIII and BelleII.
[en] The pure P-wave equation for modelling and migration in tilted transversely isotropic (TTI) media has attracted more and more attention in imaging seismic data with anisotropy. The desirable feature is that it is absolutely free of shear-wave artefacts and the consequent alleviation of numerical instabilities generally suffered by some systems of coupled equations. However, due to several forward–backward Fourier transforms in wavefield updating at each time step, the computational cost is significant, and thereby hampers its prevalence. We propose to use a hybrid pseudospectral (PS) and finite-difference (FD) scheme to solve the pure P-wave equation. In the hybrid solution, most of the cost-consuming wavenumber terms in the equation are replaced by inexpensive FD operators, which in turn accelerates the computation and reduces the computational cost. To demonstrate the benefit in cost saving of the new scheme, 2D and 3D reverse-time migration (RTM) examples using the hybrid solution to the pure P-wave equation are carried out, and respective runtimes are listed and compared. Numerical results show that the hybrid strategy demands less computation time and is faster than using the PS method alone. Furthermore, this new TTI RTM algorithm with the hybrid method is computationally less expensive than that with the FD solution to conventional TTI coupled equations. (paper)
[en] The purpose of this work was to study the seismic attributes of the Podvodnikov Basin basement. It was found that these attributes, first of all, P-wave velocities of 5.9–6.2 km/s, the ratio VP/VS = 1.71, and the diffraction nature of the reflections from the basement indicate that the basin has a continental origin and that its tectonic development began at the pre-oceanic stage of evolution of the Arctic.
[en] We describe the progress made and some of the difficulties encountered in measuring the solar rotation rate with p-modes of degree 100 <∼ l <∼ 400, using a set of high-resolution solar images taken at Big Bear Solar Observatory. The main conclusion drawn from an analysis of one day of data is that the equatorial angular velocity is essentially equal to the observed surface rate over the radius range 0.87 ≤ r/R ≤ 0.99 to within a few percent. Because of likely systematic errors at the 1% level these data do not allow us to distinguish between a surface rotation rate equal to that measured using magnetic tracers and that based on the Doppler shift of photospheric spectral lines
[en] A vertical short period seismological array was operated for six months in earstern Senegal. Large P wave travel-time anomalies are in fairly good relation with the gravity and geological features. Two-dimensional inversion of the data shows the existence of a major vertical discontinuity extending from the surface to 150-200 km depth. The other heterogeneities are mainly located in the crust and related to specific segments of the regional geology: craton, Mauritanides and Senegalo-Mauritanian basin. The main discontinuity dipping to the east is interpreted as the trace of an old subduction slab. We propose the following geodynamical process to explain the formation of the Mauritanides orogenic belt: continental collision after opening of a back-arc marginal basin in late Precambrian and its closure until Devonian
[en] We consider 16 earthquakes with Mw = 4.2–5.2 that occurred in the south-eastern part of the Laptev Sea shelf, Lena River Delta, and North Verkhoyanye (Russia) in 1990–2014. Focal mechanisms, scalar seismic moments, moment magnitudes, and hypocentral depths of the seismic events have been calculated from the data on amplitude spectra of surface waves and P wave first-motion polarities. The obtained results sufficiently implement the existing dataset on reliable earthquake source parameters for the study region and prove the change of the stress-strain state of the crust from extension on the Laptev Sea shelf to compression on the continent providing finer spatial details of the deformation field in the transition zones such as Buor-Khaya Bay and the Lena River Delta.
[en] On November 15, 2014, an Mw4.3 earthquake occurred 2 km west of Mihoub village, 60 km SE of Algiers. In this study, we retrieve the relative source-time functions of the mainshock and largest aftershock (Mw3.9) for rupture analysis using the empirical Green’s function method. The two events are nearly colocated with a smaller aftershock (Mw3.5), which is treated as the empirical Green’s function. Moreover, these three events have similar focal mechanisms, suggesting that deconvolution is well posed in this case. The three events were recorded by nine stations of the Algerian permanent network. We use mainly P-wave data. The focal mechanism solution shows dominant reverse faulting with a strong strike-slip component. The two nodal planes align almost E-W, dipping to the south, and NNE-SSW, dipping to the NW, respectively; the fault and auxiliary planes cannot be resolved from hypocenter locations alone because too few aftershocks were recorded by the permanent network. The results show unilateral rupture propagation to the ENE and complex rupture with multiple episodes for the mainshock. The largest aftershock shows similar behavior with slightly less pronounced directivity at some sites. The rupture directivity for the mainshock is estimated at about N66° E, and the rupture velocity is Vr = 0.66β. The E-W nodal plane of the best-fit focal mechanism is the preferred fault plane because it best agrees with the directivity direction and is consistent with the E-W faulting that dominates in the region.
[en] We have observed p-wave Feshbach molecules for all three combinations of the two lowest hyperfine spin states of 6Li. By creating a pure molecular sample in an optical trap, we measured the inelastic collision rates of p-wave molecules. We have also measured the elastic collision rate from the thermalization rate of a breathing mode which was excited spontaneously upon molecular formation