Results 1 - 10 of 552
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[en] The characteristics of the flow field around a square prism containing a small triangular prism upstream were investigated by measuring lift and drag and visualizing the flow field through particle image velocimetry. Experimental parameters included triangular prism-to square prism width ratio (H/B, H and B are side lengths of the triangular and square prisms, respectively) and triangular prism-to-square prism gap ratio (G/B, G is the gap distance between the triangular and square prisms). The drag reduction rate of the square prism increased and then decreased with increasing G/B at a constant H/B but increased with increasing H/B at a constant G/B. The maximum drag reduction rate was 78.5% at H/B = 0.6 and G/B = 1.5. The width and gap ratios also minimally affected the lift reduction rate of the square prism, with an average value of 52.4%. Stagnation regions were further observed upstream and downstream of the square prism.
[en] We propose a variable-path interferometric technique for the measurement of the absolute refractive index of optical glasses. We use two interferometers to decide the ratio between changes in the optical path in a prism-shaped sample glass and in air resulting from displacement of the sample. The method allows precise measurements to be made without prior knowledge of the properties of the sample. The combined standard uncertainty of the proposed method is 1.6x10-6
[en] Adaptation and re-adaptation processes are studied in terms of dynamic attractors that evolve and devolve. In doing so, a theoretical account is given for the fundamental observation that adaptation and re-adaptation processes do not exhibit one-trial learning. Moreover, the emergence of the latent aftereffect in the extended prism paradigm is addressed
[en] A simple method to measure the refractive index of a glass prism with very low uncertainty was developed at INRiM. The method is a modification of the classical minimum deviation method. A brief description of the methods used to measure the vertex angles of the prism and the angle of minimum deviation is reported together with the uncertainty evaluation. The technique is going to be validated by a comparison between INRiM and two other laboratories. A relative standard uncertainty better than 1 ppm has been obtained
[en] We report the latest performance of an ultrafast, all-optical beam deflector based on a prism array imprinted in a planar waveguide. The deflector enables single-shot, high dynamic range optical recording with picosecond resolution
[en] The basing of parts with surfaces of revolution in a self-centering vise and a motionless prism is considered, for the example of a disk and a shaft. In the case of an immobile prism, violation of basing principles produces indeterminacy because of redundant reference points. That gives rise to a basing error.
[en] Volumes of sub-wavelength electromagnetic elements can act like homogeneous materials: metamaterials. In analogy, sheets of optical elements such as prisms can act ray-optically like homogeneous sheet materials. In this sense, such sheets can be considered to be metamaterials for light rays (METATOYs). METATOYs realize new and unusual transformations of the directions of transmitted light rays. We study here, in the ray-optics and scalar-wave limits, the wave-optical analog of such transformations, and we show that such an analog does not always exist. Perhaps, this is the reason why many of the ray-optical possibilities offered by METATOYs have never before been considered.