Results 1 - 10 of 940
Results 1 - 10 of 940. Search took: 0.023 seconds
|Sort by: date | relevance|
[en] Herein, it has been presented the results of phenological observations, and also investigated the dynamics of dose-dependent changes in the amount of free proline in beans, eggplant, cucumber, tomato, as well as in potato, the seeds, and roots, which were processed with γ rays in the sterilization dose before sowing. It has been shown that pre-sowing irradiation in high doses increases the content of proline in all studied plants. It has been established that the growth and development of plants slow down as the dose increases. It has been shown that potato tubers irradiated in a sterilization dose are not suitable for subsequent sowing.
[en] The oeX174 DNA binding protein contains two DNA binding domains, containing a series of DNA binding basic amino acids, separated by a proline-rich linker region. Within each DNA binding domain, there is a conserved glycine residue. Glycine and proline residues were mutated and the effects on virion structure were examined. Substitutions for glycine residues yield particles with similar properties to previously characterized mutants with substitutions for DNA binding residues. Both sets of mutations share a common extragenic second-site suppressor, suggesting that the defects caused by the mutant proteins are mechanistically similar. Hence, glycine residues may optimize DNA-protein contacts. The defects conferred by substitutions for proline residues appear to be fundamentally different. The properties of the mutant particles along with the atomic structure of the virion suggest that the proline residues may act to guide the packaged DNA to the adjacent fivefold related asymmetric unit, thus preventing a chaotic packaging arrangement
[en] Highlights: • RARα, though mainly a nuclear transcription factor, is also present in the cytoplasm. • In the cytoplasm, RARα interacts with PFN2a, a small G-actin-binding protein. • When increased in the cytoplasm, RARα impedes microfilaments elongation. Retinoic acid receptors (RARs) are classically considered as nuclear ligand-dependent regulators of transcription. Here we highlighted a novel face of the RARα subtype: RARα is present in low amounts in the cytoplasm of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) where it interacts with profilin2a (PFN2A), a small actin-binding protein involved in filaments polymerization. The interaction involves the N-terminal proline-rich motif (PRM) of RARα and the SH3-like domain of PFN2a. When increased in the cytoplasm, RARα competes with other PFN2a-binding proteins bearing PRMs and involved in actin filaments elongation. Consequently, the actin filament network is altered and MEFs adhesion is decreased. This novel role opens novel avenues for the understanding of pathologies characterized by increased levels of cytoplasmic RARα.
[en] Dipeptide-derived catalysts are of great interest in various asymmetric transformations because of their short and simple preparation and easy modification of their modular structure by using different α-amino acids. We recently reported the first example of dipeptide-catalyzed enantioselective addition of dialkylzinc to aldehydes. We have developed a novel D-Phg-L-Pro dipeptide-derived catalyst for the addition of diethylzinc to aromatic aldehydes. We also disclosed an effective chiral switching by simply modifying nonchiral part of D-Phg-L-Pro dipeptide.
[en] Highlights: • Deletion of GCW13 results in an increased growth rate in P. pastoris GS115 on methanol as the sole carbon source. • The intracellular concentrations of various amino acids are increased in the GCW13-deletion P. pastoris strain. • Gcw13 facilitates the endocytosis of Gap1 in P. pastoris GS115 on methanol as the sole carbon source. In Pichia pastoris, most of the Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins are of unknown function. Gcw13, one of these GPI-anchored proteins, was found to exert an inhibitory effect on the growth of the histidine auxotrophic P. pastoris strain GS115 on methanol as the sole carbon source. To investigate the biological function of Gcw13, RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was performed to compare the difference of gene expression between GS115 and GCW13-deletion strain D13. RNA-Seq analysis showed that, in strain D13, the expression of genes involved in the methanol utilization pathway or peroxisome biogenesis was not changed, and a high proportion of genes involved in the biosynthesis of amino acids were down-regulated, whereas GAP1, which encodes a general amino acid permease, was significantly up-regulated. Besides, the intracellular concentrations of various amino acids were significantly higher in D13 than that in GS115. We also observed that deletion of GCW13 resulted in more Gap1 presented on the cell surface and more active uptake of the toxic proline analogue l-azetidine-2-carboxylate acid (AzC). These results suggest that Gcw13 suppresses the expression of GAP1 and facilitates the endocytosis of Gap1 on methanol, resulting in decreasing Gap1-dependent uptake of amino acids in P. pastoris, which might contribute to the poor growth of GS115 on methanol.
[en] A novel chiral ionic liquid containing proline moiety was synthesized. It can be used as a highly efficient and recyclable chiral organocatalyst for Michael addition of cyclohexanone with (E)-β-nitroalkenes in methanol at room temperature. The Michael addition affords the corresponding products in satisfactory yields of isolated products ( 78-98%) with high diastereoselectivities and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 98% dr and up to 99% ee). The catalyst can be recycled up to five times without any decrease in yields and stereoselectivities.
[en] The E. coli protein expression system is one of the most useful methods employed for NMR sample preparation. However, the production of some recombinant proteins in E. coli is often hampered by difficulties such as low expression level and low solubility. To address these problems, a modified cold-shock expression system containing a glutathione S-transferase (GST) tag, the pCold-GST system, was investigated. The pCold-GST system successfully expressed 9 out of 10 proteins that otherwise could not be expressed using a conventional E. coli expression system. Here, we applied the pCold-GST system to 84 proteins and 78 proteins were successfully expressed in the soluble fraction. Three other cold-shock expression systems containing a maltose binding protein tag (pCold-MBP), protein G B1 domain tag (pCold-GB1) or thioredoxin tag (pCold-Trx) were also developed to improve the yield. Additionally, we show that a C-terminal proline tag, which is invisible in 1H-15N HSQC spectra, inhibits protein degradation and increases the final yield of unstable proteins. The purified proteins were amenable to NMR analyses. These data suggest that pCold expression systems combined with soluble protein tags can be utilized to improve the expression and purification of various proteins for NMR analysis.
[en] A diastereoselective practical route to functionalized spiropyrrolizidine-linked rhodanines has been developed via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of alkylidenerhodanines with azomethine ylides, prepared in situ from L-proline and acetylenic esters, in EtOH at reflux. This protocol provided quick access to a range of structurally diverse target molecules in moderate-to-good yields. The structure of a typical product was established by X-ray crystallography. Graphic abstract: .
[en] Highlights: • A novel temporin was isolated and identified from frog skin secretions. • An N-terminal coupled TAT was first applied in temporin family modification. • The C-terminal substitution of proline resulted in a significant improvement in the level of hemolysis. • Two temporin analogs exhibited anti-proliferative activity against cancer cells. A potent natural antimicrobial peptide named temporin-PE was identified and encoded from the skin secretions of Pelophylax kl. esculentus via “shotgun” cloning and LC-MS/MS fragmentation analysis. Target-modifications were carried out to further enhance the antimicrobial and anti-proliferative bioactivities, whilst decreasing the hemolytic effect. A range of bioassays demonstrated that replacing a proline with a tyrosine residue resulted in a loss of the bioactivity against Gram-negative bacteria, but dramatically improved the hemolytic and anti-proliferative activity, indicating the FLP- motif influences the hemolytic activity of temporins. Moreover, the coupling of TAT to the peptide dramatically improved its antimicrobial activity, indicating coupling TAT to these peptides could be considered as a potential tool to improve their antimicrobial activity. Overall, we have shown that targeted modifications of this natural antimicrobial peptide can adjust its bioactivities to help its development as an antibiotic or anti-proliferative agent.
[en] In our age, humans are increasingly often exposed to radiation which can damage important biomolecules. Such defects are generated also via slow secondary electrons. In the present thesis basic effects of electron attachment to glycine, valine and proline in gasphase are investigated. Both experimental and theoretical methods are combined to reveal the nature of the underlying processes in gas phase and microsolvation. Also results of electron attachment to musk ketone and 2,4-dinitrotoluene are presented. (author)
[de]In der heutigen Zeit ist der Mensch immer oefter Strahlungsquellen ausgesetzt, welche Schaeden bei wichtigen Biomolekuelen hervorrufen koennen. Solche Defekte werden unter anderem auch durch langsame Elektronen verursacht. In dieser Arbeit wird Elektronenanlagerung an Glycin, Valin und Prolin in der Gasphase untersucht. Experimentelle und theoretische Methoden werden kombiniert, um die zugrunde liegenden Prozesse in der Gasphase aber auch im Zustand der 'Mikrosolvation' besser zu verstehen. Ebenso werden Ergebnisse von Elektronenanlagerung an Moschus Keton und an 2,4-Dinitrotoluol praesentiert. (author)