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[en] Ultra-relativistic gold-gold and proton-proton collisions are investigated in the experiments of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). In the last several years large amount of results were revealed about the matter created in these collisions. The latest PHENIX results for femtoscopy and correlations are reviewed in this paper. Bose-Einstein correlations of charged kaons in 200 GeV Au + Au collisions and of charged pions in 200 GeV p + p collisions are shown. They are both compatible with previous measurements of charged pions in gold-gold collisions, with respect to transverse mass or number of participants scaling.
[en] First ATLAS searches for signals of Supersymmetry in proton proton collisions at the LHC are presented. These searches are performed with the full data sample recorded in 2010, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35 pb-1. Results for various channels with large missing transverse energy and different lepton and jet multiplicities are reported. A search for long-lived strongly interacting particles is also presented. Good consistency with the Standard Model prediction has been found in all channels; limits on squark and gluino masses are derived, which considerably improved previous results.
[en] The Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR) was the world’s first proton collider and formed a bridge between the fixed-target experiments at the relatively low energies prior to the 1970s and the high-energy frontier at the colliders of today. The machine, which worked with protons, deuterons, alpha particles and anti-protons, was at the forefront of technology in many fields and catalysed a rapid advance in accelerator technologies and techniques, including vacuum systems, precision power converters, superconducting quadrupoles, and especially the renowned stochastic cooling. These developments have resulted in the ISR having had a profound legacy to its successor machines – the Super Proton Synchrotron, the first proton-antiproton collider, and the LHC, CERN’s current flagship accelerator at the forefront of particle physics research at the highest energies. Moreover, owing to the challenges posed by the environment of the proton collisions for the physics under study, there were also many developments for particle detector techniques at the ISR. In particular, the use of ‘Roman pots’ for the positioning of detectors close to the circulating beams was demonstrated, as was the widespread use of multi-wire proportional chambers, cylindrical drift chambers and the use of liquid argon in calorimeters. Last but not least, the ISR made contributions to the understanding of fundamental particle physics processes. In particular, the study of hadronic interactions advanced QCD as the theory of strong interactions. The experiments also showed that the proton-proton total cross-section was not constant with energy. These results are still the subject of research today at the LHC. We are privileged to have had contributions at this colloquium from some of the key people of the ISR, 40 years after the first proton-proton collisions. We heard directly from them how the achievements at the ISR were realised, insight that will be of assistance in discovering new aspects relevant to the future of research in particle physics.