Results 1 - 10 of 2623
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[en] High-performance microwave absorbers with excellent absorption ability and superhydrophobic property are extremely significant for the application of stealthy techniques, especially in high-humidity environment. In this research, high-performance Co-C nanofibers (NFs) were prepared via electrospinning mathod by using of poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and Cobalt acetate tetrahydrate (CoAc) solution as precursor with subsequent PVA pyrolyzation and carbonization process. The electromagnetic (EM) parameters and microwave absorption performance of the prepared NFs were investigated with the microwave frequency ranging from 2.0 GHz to 18.0 GHz. Analysis and comparison were performed on the impedance matching and loss mechanisms of each sample. The experimental results indicated that the sample calcinated at 950 °C achieved an optimal reflection loss (RL) of − 33.1 dB and an effective frequency bandwidth of 4.1 GHz under a thickness of 1.5 mm; and that the Co-C NFs membrane with the optimal absorption performance exhibited superhydrophobic property with a contact angle (CA) of 152°, suggesting their promising application to water-resistant stealthy materials.
[en] Fricke gel radiochemical sensors based on various matrices have been studied for decades as 3D dosimeters for radiotherapy. Despite their many appealing features, progressive aging and blurring of the signal have prevented the widespread use of these dosimeters, so far. We have addressed these shortcomings and hereby present our development of a Fricke gel based on a chemically cross-linked PVA matrix. We investigated the influence of several parameters of the polymeric matrix on sensitivity, diffusion coefficient and spontaneous oxidation of the proposed gel dosimeter. Based on these findings, we optimized the gel compositions. Our new gel formulation combines transparency, high sensitivity and simple production method, typical of gels based on natural polymers, with low diffusion coefficient and slow spontaneous oxidation typical of PVA gels made by freezing-thawing. (paper)
[en] Cavernous hemangiomas are usually asymptomatic; however, a small percentage may cause symptoms. This case report discusses palliation by transcatheter arterial embolization with polyvinyl alcohol particles
[en] This report focuses on progress made in the last 12 months, with prior results briefly summarized. We emphasize that the key to our work is an increase in barrier properties. Thus, much of our work has focused on poor, thin barriers composed of PVA. WE have done so because experiments are then able to be conducted over reasonable times. At the same time, we have developed and experimentally verified theories showing how our short experiments can be extrapolated to real situations
[en] Insulinoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor, most commonly originating from the pancreas, which is either sporadic or familial as a component of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome (MEN1). It is characterized by increased insulin secretion leading to hypoglycemia. Surgical removal is considered the treatment of choice, with limited side effects and relatively low morbidity and mortality, both being improved by the laparoscopic procedure. We present the case of a 30-year-old patient with MEN1 and recurrent insulinoma with severe hypoglycemic episodes who could not be surgically treated due to the adherence of the tumor to large blood vessels and to prior multiple surgical operations. He was treated by repeated embolization using spherical polyvinyl alcohol particles, resulting in shrinkage of the tumor, improvement of the frequency and severity of the hypoglycemic episodes, and better quality of life.
[en] The purpose of this study was to compare, after embolization, the distribution in the uterine arterial vasculature of tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TGMS) and polyvinyl alcohol microspheres (PVAMS). A limited bilateral uterine artery embolization was performed in six adult sheep under fluoroscopic control by injecting in each uterine artery 0.25 ml of 500- to 700-μm TGMS of PVAMS suspended in 50/50 saline/contrast medium. Sacrifices were performed 1 week after embolization and uteri were analyzed histologically. The number and size of microspheres and vessels were measured, as well as the histological location according to a classification in four zones of the uterus. One hundred sixty-five vessels (69 vessels occluded with TGMS and 96 vessels occluded with PVAMS) were measured. The size of the occluded vessels decreased significantly from proximal to distal zones of the uterine vasculature (P < 0.0001). The location of TGMS and PVAMS within the vasculature was significantly different (P < 0.0001) since PVAMS blocked significantly more distally than TGMS. Deformation of the microspheres within the tissue was greater for PVAMS (18.0% ± 12.3%) than for TGMS (8.7% ± 9.2%) (P < 0.0001). In conclusion, PVAMS have a more distal distribution in the sheep uterine vasculature, compared to TGMS. Such differences in partition, already described in the kidney embolization model, can ultimately explain the different clinical outcome reported with these two types of microspheres in uterine fibroid embolization.
[en] The application of the electro-Fenton process for organic compound mineralisation has been widely reported over the past years. However, operational problems related to the use of soluble iron salt as a homogeneous catalyst involve the development of novel catalysts that are able to operate in a wide pH range. For this purpose, polyvinyl alcohol-alginate beads, containing goethite as iron, were synthesised and evaluated as heterogeneous electro-Fenton catalyst for 1-butylpyridinium chloride mineralisation. The influence of catalyst dosage and pH solution on ionic liquid degradation was analysed, achieving almost total oxidation after 60 min under optimal conditions (2 g/L catalyst concentration and pH 3). The results showed good catalyst stability and reusability, although its effectiveness decreases slightly after three successive cycles. Furthermore, a plausible mineralisation pathway was proposed based on the oxidation byproducts determined by chromatographic techniques. Finally, the Microtox® test revealed notable detoxification after treatment which demonstrates high catalyst ability for pyridinium-based ionic liquid degradation by the electro-Fenton process.
[en] Uterine artery embolization (UAE) for the treatment of symptomatic leiomyomata has shown excellent short-term clinical efficacy and minimal complications, yet recurrences after successful treatments at mid- and long-term follow-up have been reported. Exact etiologies for such recurrences have not been fully understood. We present a case of symptom recurrence with the development of a hypertrophic ovarian artery after successful UAE with polyvinyl alcohol particles, successfully treated with ovarian and repeat UAEs
[en] The mechanisms of the cryotropic gelation of poly(vinyl alcohol) solutions as well as the influence of the characteristics of the polymer and the conditions of the cryogenic treatment on the structure and physicochemical properties of the cryogels obtained are examined. Data on the characteristics of the freezing of concentrated poly(vinyl alcohol) solutions are presented. The influence of soluble additives, possessing different lyotropic properties, on the course of gelation in frozen systems is discussed. The possibility of the cryocracking of poly(vinyl alcohol) chains is considered. The bibliography includes 349 references.
[en] Rare earth elements (REEs) are a basic requirement of the electronics and new industries including green technology. In the present work an organophosphoric extractant encapsulating polyethersulfone (PES) beads has been developed and employed for dysprosium (Dy) separation from aqueous stream. Polyethersulfonic beads encapsulating PC88A were prepared by phase inversion method. During the synthesis of the beads, preparatory parameters were also optimized to obtain best suited beads which were subsequently characterized for their encapsulation capacity and micro structural investigation. The results obtained in the present investigation suggested that PES/PVAJPC88A composite beads could be used for separation of rare earths from aqueous medium obtained from the solubilisation of magnetic scrap materials