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[en] It is well known that there are some torsional damages in earthquakes. In Taibai park, Jiangyou city, Sichuan province, most of the stone statues, which were placed upon the banisters of one zigzag bridge, exhibited different torsional phenomena in 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. This paper introduces the torsional phenomena of all the statues on the zigzag bridge firstly. Then one eccentricity model is established and the equivalent rotational accelerations are calculated in order to analyze the causes of the torsional damage. In addition, the torsional components are synthesized by using translation accelerations recorded at Jiangyou station in the Wenchuan earthquake. The results show that the equivalent rotational acceleration is larger than the synthesized rotational components, which suggests that the torsional phenomena of the statues on the zigzag bridge might mainly come from its eccentricity. The comparison between the estimated torsional component at Jiangyou and that presented by Trifunac shows that they are in the same order. The research implies that the torsional phenomena in earthquakes are very complicated, and not only caused by torsional motions.
[en] A 70-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes was referred to our hospital for effort angina. Coronary angiography revealed chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the proximal right coronary artery (RCA) that had been collateralized by septal branches from the left anterior descending coronary artery, left circumflex coronary artery, and an antegrade bridge. Three everolimus-eluting stents (Xience-Alpine: 3.0 × 38 mm, 2.75 × 38 mm, and 2.5 × 38 mm; Abbott-Vascular Co., Abbott Park, IL, USA; Fig. 1D, indicated by yellow lines) were implanted with stent overlap. Post-procedural angiography showed double-barrel flow through the RCA. Repeat angiography after 10 months showed double-barrel flow through the RCA, the stented lumen, and the non-stented lumen. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) demonstrated subintimal stenting. OCT revealed that the entry point from the true lumen (TL) was the proximal segment of the RCA, and the re-entry point to the TL was the distal segment of the RCA. Additionally, OCT showed smooth and thin neointimal proliferation inside the deployed stent, and there was no evidence of an intraluminal thrombus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing a subintimal stenting of CTO lesion involved with double-barrel coronary artery with OCT assessment.
[en] Using measured data we demonstrate that the statistical properties of the distances between parked cars and the distances between birds perching on a power line are identical. We show that this observation is easily explained by the fact that birds and humans use the same mechanism of distance estimation. We give a simple mathematical model of this phenomenon. (letter)
[en] Hkakabo-razi is rich in biodiversity of flora and fauna which is situated in Northern Kachin State. Total area of Hkakabo-razi is 1472 sq miles and is the biggest National Park in Myanmar. Abundance of wild orchids, rhododendrons, ferns, trees, temperate and sub-tropical wild flowers grow well naturally in primary dense forests of this area. This area is habitat of CITES Appendis (I) listed orchid Paphiopedilum wardii and other uncommon and unusual native wild orchids. Three biological expeditions in 1997, 1998 and 2000 undertook the task of surveying the flora and fauna of this region jointlyh co-sponsored by Forest Department of Myanmar and Wildlife Conservation Society from United States. In this presentation, the native orchids of this area were described and presented as the preliminary result of above three biological expeditions conducted in Hkakabo-razi National Park.
[en] Like cities, many large national parks in the United States often include “urban” visitor and residential areas that mostly demand (rather than produce) energy and key urban materials. The U.S. National Park Service has committed to quantifying and reducing scopes 1 and 2 emissions by 35% and scope 3 emissions by 10% by 2020 for all parks. Current inventories however do not provide the specificity or granularity to evaluate solutions that address fundamental inefficiencies in these inventories. By quantifying and comparing the importance of different inventory sectors as well as upstream and downstream emissions in Yosemite National Park (YNP), this carbon footprint provides a case study and potential template for quantifying future emissions reductions, and for evaluating tradeoffs between them. Results indicate that visitor-related emissions comprise the largest fraction of the Yosemite carbon footprint, and that increases in annual visitation (3.43–3.90 million) coincide with and likely drive interannual increases in the magnitude of Yosemite′s extended inventory (126,000–130,000 t CO2e). Given this, it is recommended that “per visitor” efficiency be used as a metric to track progress. In this respect, YNP has annually decreased kilograms of GHG emissions per visitor from 36.58 (2008) to 32.90 (2011). We discuss opportunities for reducing this measure further. - Highlights: • A potential template for inventorying GHG emissions in national parks is presented. • Given variability in visitation, GHG/visitor is a better metric to measure efficiency. • Yosemite has reduced from 36.58 kg (2008) GHG emissions/visitor to 32.90 (2011)
[en] From January 1 2002 on more than one third of all campsite owners in the Netherlands will purchase power from the new energy trading company EnergyXS. Owners are apparently tempted by a combination of attractive charges, a professional approach and extra services (e.g. energy monitoring)
[en] The low implementation of the tourism sustainability norm of Colombia (NTS-TS 002/2014), leaves disadvantaged the small MiPymes of the tourism sector. The objective of this work is to investigate the low certification of lodging establishments in the province of Sugamuxi through the social representations of owners, entities that designed the standard and a focal group comprising actors such as companies, State and tourists. It was detected that communication is the most highlighted word within the cloud of words within the concerns that entrepreneurs have for the implementation of the standard. Additionally, a rejection is perceived since some entrepreneurs are not clear about the economic, social and growth benefits with the implementation of the certification.
[en] Aim of the study. To facilitate REDD+ implementation and identify relevant attributes for robust REDD+ policies, this study evaluated and synthesized information from national forest programs in South and Southeast Asian countries. Area of study: Data was collected from six countries: Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Philippines, India and Thailand. Methods: The data sources for the evaluation was an in-depth desk review of relevant documents and focus group discussion among experts from each study country. Main Results: We found out that diverse factors may influence program feasibility and the ability to achieve ‘triple benefits’: the nature of the forest targeted by the policy, the characteristics of the population affected by the policy, attributes of the policy instrument and the different actors involved. Research highlights: We argue that national policies and programs targeted for REDD+ implementation should focus on the identified features to achieve REDD+ goals. (Author)
[en] Highlights: • A technical efficiency model identifies where state park systems can be improved. • The technical efficiency model is joined with output of CC policy simulations. • Shifts in operating expenditure under the CC mitigation policy are estimated. • Results reveal substantial variability across states. • Increasing technical efficiency is the best solution to adapt to CC policy impacts. - Abstract: Numerous empirical and simulation-based studies have documented or estimated variable impacts to the economic growth of nation states due to the adoption of domestic climate change mitigation policies. However, few studies have been able to empirically link projected changes in economic growth to the provision of public goods and services. In this research, we couple projected changes in economic growth to US states brought about by the adoption of a domestic climate change mitigation policy with a longitudinal panel dataset detailing the production of outdoor recreation opportunities on lands managed in the public interest. Joining empirical data and simulation-based estimates allow us to better understand how the adoption of a domestic climate change mitigation policy would affect the provision of public goods in the future. We first employ a technical efficiency model and metrics to provide decision makers with evidence of specific areas where operational efficiencies within the nation's state park systems can be improved. We then augment the empirical analysis with simulation-based changes in gross state product (GSP) to estimate changes to the states’ ability to provide outdoor recreation opportunities from 2014 to 2020; the results reveal substantial variability across states. Finally, we explore two potential solutions (increasing GSP or increasing technical efficiency) for addressing the negative impacts on the states’ park systems operating budgets brought about by the adoption of a domestic climate change mitigation policy; the analyses suggest increasing technical efficiency would be the most viable solution if/when the US adopts a greenhouse gas reduction policy