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[en] It is well known that there are some torsional damages in earthquakes. In Taibai park, Jiangyou city, Sichuan province, most of the stone statues, which were placed upon the banisters of one zigzag bridge, exhibited different torsional phenomena in 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. This paper introduces the torsional phenomena of all the statues on the zigzag bridge firstly. Then one eccentricity model is established and the equivalent rotational accelerations are calculated in order to analyze the causes of the torsional damage. In addition, the torsional components are synthesized by using translation accelerations recorded at Jiangyou station in the Wenchuan earthquake. The results show that the equivalent rotational acceleration is larger than the synthesized rotational components, which suggests that the torsional phenomena of the statues on the zigzag bridge might mainly come from its eccentricity. The comparison between the estimated torsional component at Jiangyou and that presented by Trifunac shows that they are in the same order. The research implies that the torsional phenomena in earthquakes are very complicated, and not only caused by torsional motions.
[en] This paper deals with applying of acoustic tomograph as support tool to ecological assessment of veteran trees in urban environment. Very large old trees provide many ecosystem services in urban parks, historical gardens, and green urban areas. But, sometimes, very large old trees can be considered as a threat for safety of people, visiting green areas. This is because of very large trees can be destroyed in the tree trunk without visible signs of wood destruction inside the tree body. So, acoustic tomography can be used as very effective support tool for ecological assessment of stability and health of veteran trees in urban environment. This paper presents basic methodological approaches to acoustic tomography of veteran trees under some examples from environmental practice in the Czech Republic.
[en] Using measured data we demonstrate that the statistical properties of the distances between parked cars and the distances between birds perching on a power line are identical. We show that this observation is easily explained by the fact that birds and humans use the same mechanism of distance estimation. We give a simple mathematical model of this phenomenon. (letter)
[en] A 70-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes was referred to our hospital for effort angina. Coronary angiography revealed chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the proximal right coronary artery (RCA) that had been collateralized by septal branches from the left anterior descending coronary artery, left circumflex coronary artery, and an antegrade bridge. Three everolimus-eluting stents (Xience-Alpine: 3.0 × 38 mm, 2.75 × 38 mm, and 2.5 × 38 mm; Abbott-Vascular Co., Abbott Park, IL, USA; Fig. 1D, indicated by yellow lines) were implanted with stent overlap. Post-procedural angiography showed double-barrel flow through the RCA. Repeat angiography after 10 months showed double-barrel flow through the RCA, the stented lumen, and the non-stented lumen. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) demonstrated subintimal stenting. OCT revealed that the entry point from the true lumen (TL) was the proximal segment of the RCA, and the re-entry point to the TL was the distal segment of the RCA. Additionally, OCT showed smooth and thin neointimal proliferation inside the deployed stent, and there was no evidence of an intraluminal thrombus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing a subintimal stenting of CTO lesion involved with double-barrel coronary artery with OCT assessment.
[en] Hkakabo-razi is rich in biodiversity of flora and fauna which is situated in Northern Kachin State. Total area of Hkakabo-razi is 1472 sq miles and is the biggest National Park in Myanmar. Abundance of wild orchids, rhododendrons, ferns, trees, temperate and sub-tropical wild flowers grow well naturally in primary dense forests of this area. This area is habitat of CITES Appendis (I) listed orchid Paphiopedilum wardii and other uncommon and unusual native wild orchids. Three biological expeditions in 1997, 1998 and 2000 undertook the task of surveying the flora and fauna of this region jointlyh co-sponsored by Forest Department of Myanmar and Wildlife Conservation Society from United States. In this presentation, the native orchids of this area were described and presented as the preliminary result of above three biological expeditions conducted in Hkakabo-razi National Park.
[en] Highlights: • Associations of different green space definitions differ considerably. • Distance to park was not associated with being overweight. • Surrounding greenness was non-linearly associated with being overweight. • Associations were generally non-significant for the more urban population. In epidemiological studies, exposure to green space is inconsistently associated with being overweight and physical activity, possibly because studies differ widely in their definition of green space exposure, inclusion of important confounders, study population and data analysis.
[en] Like cities, many large national parks in the United States often include “urban” visitor and residential areas that mostly demand (rather than produce) energy and key urban materials. The U.S. National Park Service has committed to quantifying and reducing scopes 1 and 2 emissions by 35% and scope 3 emissions by 10% by 2020 for all parks. Current inventories however do not provide the specificity or granularity to evaluate solutions that address fundamental inefficiencies in these inventories. By quantifying and comparing the importance of different inventory sectors as well as upstream and downstream emissions in Yosemite National Park (YNP), this carbon footprint provides a case study and potential template for quantifying future emissions reductions, and for evaluating tradeoffs between them. Results indicate that visitor-related emissions comprise the largest fraction of the Yosemite carbon footprint, and that increases in annual visitation (3.43–3.90 million) coincide with and likely drive interannual increases in the magnitude of Yosemite′s extended inventory (126,000–130,000 t CO2e). Given this, it is recommended that “per visitor” efficiency be used as a metric to track progress. In this respect, YNP has annually decreased kilograms of GHG emissions per visitor from 36.58 (2008) to 32.90 (2011). We discuss opportunities for reducing this measure further. - Highlights: • A potential template for inventorying GHG emissions in national parks is presented. • Given variability in visitation, GHG/visitor is a better metric to measure efficiency. • Yosemite has reduced from 36.58 kg (2008) GHG emissions/visitor to 32.90 (2011)
[en] From January 1 2002 on more than one third of all campsite owners in the Netherlands will purchase power from the new energy trading company EnergyXS. Owners are apparently tempted by a combination of attractive charges, a professional approach and extra services (e.g. energy monitoring)
[en] In Thailand, the responsibility for waste management has been decentralized to the local administrative organizations. However, presently, it is still observed that most of the local administrative organizations fail to fulfill this duty due to the insufficiency of budget, and the limited area for managing waste. This study conducted the interviews with 410 sample households in 5 local administrative organizations. It was found that Khao Kho District currently and increasingly faced with waste problem as a consequence of both the expansion of the tourism and the growth of the community itself. In spite of this, 60% of the local administrative organizations within Khao Kho District possessed no process to manage the waste. Thus, the huge amount of accumulated waste has been left without properly handling. The limitation of these local administrative organizations was due to their mountainous landscape situated in the National Park area. And, according to the Thai law, this specific area was classified as a Conservative Forest (Zone C) and Watershed (Tier 1 & 2) implied that waste management could not be done without official permission. However, the households within this area were aware of the problem and collaborated with the local administrative organizations in applying 5R Principle to decrease the amount of waste from its source. (paper)