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[en] An incident is an event that can result in the loss or damage of health, the environment or goods and products. Safety experts normally do not have available data or information on incidents. It is well-known that databases, containing data on accidents are not reliable enough to make analyses of which the results can form the basis of far-going safety measures. For a thorough advice it is necessary to compile information about incidents, including the visible losses or damages. Recommendations are given how to set up a structural, administratively sound, procedure to report incidents. 2 figs
[en] In this paper, we present a technique to analyse consistency in accident reports. This is achieved using the prototype verification system. The relevant evidence and the rules for normal behaviour are coded as axioms. These axioms are then used to identify the cause of the accident. The key aspect of our work is to describe the system using a notion of states and state predicates. We show that our technique can be used in conjunction with other formal methods used to analyse accident reports
[en] We illustrate a radiotherapy treatment chart elaborated to fulfil the necessity for clarity in reporting information about radiotherapeutic treatment. The schematic configuration of the chart results from the experience and the cooperation of physicists, physicians and technicians, and an effort has been made to satisfy Levels 2/3 of the ICRU 50 recommendations. The chart has been divided into four sections corresponding to different kinds of information: a cover sheet, a section containing data about the treatment planning geometry and the console parameters adopted, a section showing dosimetric data, and a section showing treatment data. The chart seems to give a good level of accuracy in reporting treatment plan information
[en] Background: Surveys are a common method of data collection within health service research. An essential aspect of reporting survey research is ensuring that sufficient information is provided to enable readers to determine the validity and representativeness of research findings. Method: This study reports a secondary analysis of survey research published in Radiography and Clinical Radiology between 2001 and 2010. The purpose of the study was to evaluate trends in response rates and establish how non-response bias was being addressed. Results: Analysis of non-response bias was undertaken in 9.4% (n = 9/96) of studies. Where analysis was performed, strong reliance on demographic characteristics to determine sample representativeness was noted (n = 8/9; 88.9%). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that non-response bias is not being adequately addressed within published imaging related survey research and more needs to be done to encourage a rigorous approach to the analysis and reporting of survey results
[en] This is the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Functions and Requirements Document derived from the TWRS Technical Baseline. The document consists of several text sections that provide the purpose, scope, background information, and an explanation of how this document assists the application of Systems Engineering to the TWRS. The primary functions identified in the TWRS Functions and Requirements Document are identified in Figure 4.1 (Section 4.0) Currently, this document is part of the overall effort to develop the TWRS Functional Requirements Baseline, and contains the functions and requirements needed to properly define the top three TWRS function levels. TWRS Technical Baseline information (RDD-100 database) included in the appendices of the attached document contain the TWRS functions, requirements, and architecture necessary to define the TWRS Functional Requirements Baseline. Document organization and user directions are provided in the introductory text. This document will continue to be modified during the TWRS life-cycle
[en] This paper presents selected results of a statistical and engineering analysis of flooding and flooding protection related events registered in the following four databases: French, German, U.S. and the IAEA/NEA International Reporting System (IRS) during the last twenty years. In total more than two hundred and fifty events reports are analyzed including potential flooding. The events were analyzed and classified considering thirteen categories in order to create statistical analysis and assess its possible insights. The events frequency was analyzed for each database separately and for all events combined. A trend analysis was also performed. Finally, from events analysis insights were derived (lessons learned). Most of the events occurred during the power operation for all databases except the German one.. The majority of events are real flood for all databases except for the US where flooding protection failure or deficiency without flood dominates. The events were analyzed based on categorization related to event conditions; root causes and causal factors; consequences and corrective actions. Selected results are presented in the paper. No trend was identified for any individual database over the whole analyzed period. A decreasing number of events is noticed for all databases in recent couple years. In the US this seems related to the after Fukushima activities. Engineering analysis of selected flooding and flooding protection related events resulted in more than ninety specific and sixteen generic insights (lessons learned). Insights are grouped in relation to the systems causing event (i.e., non-safety systems interaction, buildings infrastructure and major cooling systems) and related to the activities which are (root) cause for the event (i.e., maintenance, inspection, operating experience, analysis and configuration management). The findings from this analysis could be used as recommendations and are expected to help the licensees and regulatory authorities to prevent flooding events from occurring, to protect safety systems from flood and to improve flooding protection and mitigation. (author).
[en] This book mentions mass and scales about technology for precision measurement, which deal with how to measure mass with scale. So it describes the basic things of mass and scales. It includes translated book of international standard OIML with demand of measurement and technology and form for test report and international original standard OIML with metrological and technical requirements and test report format.
[en] The Summary Meeting on Nuclear Fusion Research by Grant-in-Aid (1986∼1989) of Monbusho was held on Jan. 30∼Feb. 1, 1989 at Gakushi-kaikan in Tokyo. About 300 papers were presented on the research activities as well as some special topics. (author)