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[en] Based on the results of studies dealing with the issue of waste disposal of drilling mud fluids including oil sludge, or oil with a focus on solidification method can be concluded that this method is developed at very good level from theoretical and practical aspects for the conditions of oil and gas industry. This is confirmed by results of performance-verification tests in terms of chemical formulas of individual additives and also in terms of functionality of solidification facility. These are characterized by a relatively simple construction and therefore by relatively low price. The fundamental problem is choosing the optimal recipe and - both in terms of claims for laboratory work, but mainly due to the specific need of each individual waste solution, or the sludge bed. The results confirm that verificated method of liquidation of waste liquids by solidification seems to be suitable for practical liquidation of drilling fluids containing higher concentrations of economically undesirable and unacceptable substances, particularly thermo-stable washes.
[en] Processes of sulphuric compounds transformation for petroleum and heavy residuals under radiation and thermal treatment action are studied. It is shown that sulphuric compounds are concentrated in heavy fractions as a result of radiation processing. Heavy petroleum products irradiation provokes considerable decrease in the content of mercaptans, disulphides and sulphides, which transfer to sulphoxides and sulphones appearing during radiation-induced oxidation process. (author)
[en] We consider the Hopfield-Potts model for the covariation between residues in protein families recently introduced in Cocco, Monasson, Weigt (2013). The patterns of the model are inferred from the data within a new gauge, more symmetric in the residues. We compute the statistical error bars on the pattern components. Results are illustrated on real data for a response regulator receiver domain (Pfam ID PF00072) family
[en] Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is a ribonucleoprotein that catalyzes the processing of 5′ leader sequences of precursor tRNAs (pre-tRNA). RNase P proteins PhoRpp21 and PhoRpp29 in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii, homologs of human nuclear RNase P proteins Rpp21 and Rpp29 respectively, fold into a heterodimeric structure and synergistically function in the activation of the specificity domain (S-domain) in RNase P RNA (PhopRNA). To elucidate the molecular basis for their cooperativity, we first analyzed binding ability to PhopRNA using a pull-down assay. The result showed that PhoRpp21 is able to bind to PhopRNA in the absence of PhoRpp29, whereas PhoRpp29 alone has reduced affinity to PhopRNA, suggesting that PhoRpp21 primarily functions as a binding element for PhopRNA in the PhoRpp21-PhoRpp29 complex. Mutational analyses suggested that although individual positively charged clusters contribute little to the PhopRNA binding, Lys53, Lys54, and Lys56 at the N-terminal helix (α2) in PhoRpp21 and 10 C-terminal residues in PhoRpp29 are essential for PhopRNA activation. Moreover, deletion of a single stranded loop linking P11 and P12 helices in the PhopRNA S-domain impaired the PhoRpp21-PhoRpp29 complex binding to PhopRNA. Collectively, the present results suggest that PhoRpp21 binds the loop between P11 and P12 helices through overall positively charged clusters on the surface of the complex and serves as a scaffold for PhoRpp29 to optimize structural conformation of its N-terminal helix (α2) in PhoRpp21, as well as C-terminal residues in PhoRpp29, for RNase P activity. - Graphical abstract: A mechanistic model for the synergistic activation of PhopRNA by PhoRpp21 and PhoRpp29. PhoRpp21 binds to the loop between P11 and P12 helices in PhopRNA and serves as a scaffold for PhoRpp29 to optimize a structural conformation of a positively charged edge composed of lysine residues (●) at α2 in PhoRpp21and C-terminal residues (Ð“ÑžÐ²Ð‚“Ð²Ð‚№) in PhoRpp29 on the protein complex which probably stabilize stacking interactions between PhopRNA and pre-tRNA. ▲ indicates the processing site in pre-tRNA. Display Omitted - Highlights: • RNase P proteins PhoRpp21 and PhoRpp29 synergistically function in RNase P catalysis. • PhoRpp21 functions as an RNA-binding element in the PhoRpp21-PhoRpp29 complex. • PhoRpp21 serves as a scaffold for PhoRpp29 in RNase P. • PhoRpp21 binds the loop between P11 and P12 helices in the PhopRNA S-domain. • The molecular basis for the cooperativity of PhoRpp21 and PhoRpp29 is presented.
[en] Antibiotics are used in food to: -therapy and prophylaxis, -increase the productivity of the food producing animals. The presence of antimicrobial residues: -constitutes a potential human health hazard. has significant impact on international food trade. has implications on technological process in dairy industry. Detection of antibiotic residues is of great interest. It helps protect humans against the effects of such residues, the more it can support the participation of our country in international trade. Charm II test is one of the methods of detection of antimicrobial residues. The tests utilize microbial or antibody receptor assay technology. The sample is incubated with a binding agent (microbial cells with specific receptor sites or with specific antibodies attached) and a tracer (the radio-labeled version of the antibiotic to be detected). The amount of tracer on the binding agent is measured using a scintillation counter and is compared to a pre-determined cut-off or control point. If contaminating antibiotic is present, it will prevent the binding of the tracer by occupying the receptors on the binding agent. The less labeled tracer detected, the more contaminating antibiotic there is present in the sample. This work, carried out at the Radiochemical Laboratory of the National Centre of Nuclear Science and Technology, has two parts: 1/ The first is reserved to a literature review provides an overview on antibiotics and the charm II method. 2/ The second is devoted to the experimental study and presentation of results.
[en] A mechanical measuring method is presented for inexpensive measuring of internal stresses. The accuracy of the method is assessed by considering a number of errors and is checked by means of comparative measurements. The distributions of internal stresses in depth determined so far are physically plausible. (orig./HP)
[de]Zur kostenguenstigen Messung von Eigenspannungen wird ein mechanisches Messverfahren vorgestellt. Die Verfahrensgenauigkeit wird aufgrund einer Fehlerbetrachtung abgeschaetzt und mit Hilfe von vergleichenden Messungen ueberprueft. Die bisher ermittelten Eigenspannungs-Tiefenverteilungen sind physikalisch plausibel. (orig./HP)
[en] The advantages and drawbacks of coupled chromatographic techniques are discussed on the basis of selected applications of LC-LC and LC-GC in the analysis of pesticide residues applied to environmental biological samples. (author). 18 refs.; 5 figs.; 2 tabs
[en] This paper examines the price reversibility of OECD non-transport oil demand and its components: residual (heavy) fuel oil, non-transport distillates and other non-transport oil products. Our purpose is to determine the extent to which the reductions in demand following the oil price increases of the 1970s have been - and will be - reversed by the price cuts of the 1980s. The analysis is based on an econometric model which utilizes price decomposition methods to measure separately the effects of price increases and price decreases. These methods allow empirical testing of irreversibility and hysteresis, and should be applicable in other areas of economics where asymmetry of response or persistence of effect are evident. Based on the statistical evidence, we reject the conventional specification of demand being perfectly price reversible. We conclude that the response to the price cuts of the 1980s has been significantly smaller than to the price increases of the 1970s. Demand has followed a ratchet process: price increases reduced demand substantially when demanders conserved and switched away from oil, but price cuts did not reverse this process completely, if at all. This has important implications for projections of oil demand, especially under low price assumptions: the OECD's dependency on oil will not increase as much as some analysts may have feared. There is, however, another aspect of imperfect price reversibility: the possibilities of adjusting to future price rises may not be as great as they have been in the past. The easiest and least costly demand savings have already been made, and oil has been replaced by other energy sources in many uses: what's done is done. (author)