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[en] 27 June 1954 saw the birth of nuclear power in the Soviet Union when a 5 MWe plant went into operation. The second reference point falls on 26 April 1986. Since then the fate of nuclear energy in the Soviet Union has been transformed once again: ft is now clear the Chernobyl did not entirely bury the notion of building nuclear p0wer stations. There are even signs that the leaders of the new states, as well as the general public, are beginning to see some of benefits of continuing with nuclear power programmes
[en] Key Considerations: • The IAEA continues to receive a strong mandate for and an increasing number of requests from States to provide support in HRD, education and training activities in nuclear security. • To that effect, the Agency supports States in building sustainable national HRD programmes using an integrated, systematic approach.
[en] The Alberta Chamber of Resources programs and initiatives on oil sands and heavy oil, and strategies for revitalizing oilsands development in Alberta are described. The regional upgrader and satellite production facilities concept, and technology requirements for mineable oil sands by the year 2010 are discussed. Strategic alliances in furtherence of oil sands research and development and the National Task Force on Oil Sands Strategies are described. Changes in requirements for transportation fuels due to stricter regulations and environmental initiatives will cause a trend to lighter fuels with more hydrogen content, less aromatics, nitrogen, sulfur and metals. A preferred refinery configuration will be able to process heavier crudes and synthetic crudes, have no heavy fuel oil product, low sulfur products, low aromatics with high octane, and low operating cost. A regional or central facility that combines the processing capabilities of a bitumen upgrader with the process units of a refinery is preferred. Advantages of this concept are: value addition to the feedstock is maximized; dependence on refineries is eliminated; restriction on synthetic crude oil volumes due to capacity limitations at refineries is eliminated; directly marketable finished products are produced; more stringent quality specifications are satisfied; and the synergies between upgrading and refining improve overall economics of processing. It is recommended that the concept of regional upgraders be adopted for Alberta, strategic alliances be encouraged, incentives for bitumen production be provided, and a bitumen pipeline network be developed. 12 refs
[en] The topic of innovation has often been labelled a “buzzword”. Something that attempts to offer businesses a competitive advantage but in reality, fails to deliver tangible outcomes Conversations around innovation have historically focused on the importance and need of innovation. It’s a word that brings a lot of expectation to leaders and their employees but what is lacking from most books, blog articles and videos is a focus on how to innovate. Without focus it can become arbitrary and in some cases confusing. Organisations not only need to create a culture of innovation, where usual ways of working are challenged, and new ideas are generated but they need to address the skills and competencies associated with innovation; thus creating a roadmap for employees to develop. The people plan for innovation needs to aligned with the wider company strategy – only then are teams able to allow innovation to thrive. This presentation shall address the following: • How to innovate: using examples from within EDF Energy • Setting up a strategic approach to innovation: by using a virtual reality (VR) case study that was used within EDF Energy’s nuclear fleet we will discuss a methodology for teams to innovate in alignment with company strategy • Enabling teams to innovate: How you can set up your team and enable innovation. (author)