Results 1 - 10 of 84
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[en] Distilled water productivity of the single basin solar still is very low. In this work, to augment evaporation of the still basin water, fins were integrated at the basin of the still. Thus production rate accelerated. Also, for further increase in exposure area sponges were used. Experimental results were compared with ordinary basin type still and still with wicks. The governing energy balance equations were solved analytically and compared with experimental results. It was found that 29.6% productivity increased, when wick type solar still was used, 15.3% productivity increased when sponges were used and 45.5% increased when fins were used. A good agreement had been achieved with theoretical results
[en] Many experimental and numerical studies have been carried out on different configurations of solar stills to optimize the design by investigating the effect of climatic, operational and design parameters on its performance. One of the main parameters that have received a considerable attention is the cover tilt angle. A large number of studies on the effect of cover tilt angle on productivity in different seasons and latitude angles are cited in this article. The investigation that tackle the detailed effect of the cover tilt angle on productivity report contradictory conclusions about the effect of tilt angle on productivity and the value of the optimum tilt angle. A relation between the cover tilt angle and productivity of simple solar still in various seasons is established together with a relation between the optimum tilt angle and the latitude angle by an extensive review of the literature. The conclusions of this study should assist in choosing the proper cover tilt angle in various seasons and latitudes.
[en] In this work, the thermodynamic performance of a single slope solar still with cotton cloth energy storage medium was compared with a simple solar still without energy storage. Two solar stills with similar dimensions (one with cotton cloth energy storage and another without energy storage) were fabricated and investigated its performance under the hot humid climatic conditions of Chennai in India during the summer months of 2017. The performance was evaluated in terms of energy and exergy analysis based on first and second law of thermodynamics, respectively, for 2 mm, 4 mm, 6 mm and 8 mm cotton cloth thickness. The results showed that the maximum energy and exergy efficiency of a solar still was observed to be 23.8% and 2.6%, respectively, for 6 mm cotton cloth thickness. The results confirmed that the cotton cloth regenerative medium has enhanced the still productivity by about 24.1% when compared to the solar still without heat storage.
[en] To investigate the effectiveness and performance of the fabricated solar distill unit in local environmental conditions of Nawabshah within the temperature range of 23 deg. C to 28 deg. C in terms of quantity and quality of distilled water, an experimental based study was carried out during the month of March. Various samples of water with different degrees of hardness were collected from the different areas in the vicinity of Nawabshah University and supplied to the unit in order to desalinize the saline water. All samples after distillation were chemically analyzed at laboratory; the concentrations of salts were reduced at remarkable level and performance of unit was excellent especially in terms of quality. The chemical composition of analyzed samples shows that the TDS value is decreased from 2259 ppm to 378 ppm, EC (micro s/cm) value from 3.53 to 0.59, pH value from 8.4 to 7.7. The values of other parameters (i.e. Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO/sub 3/, SO/sub 4/, Cl, SAR, and RSC) were also reduced at significant level. By comparing results, it is evident that the water is purified to the satisfactory level, which indicated that the fabricated unit has a good capability of desalination. The results indicate that the distilled water can be used for the drinking purposes as well as for the irrigation purposes also. All values of various parameters are within range of standard values. (author)
[en] This work presents the experimental studies on the effect of mass stream rate of water (mf), phase change material and cover cooling of an inclined solar panel basin solar still (ISPBSS). Experimental results revealed that cooling the entire surface of the glass cover of ISPBSS with fully opened flow of water produced the maximum distilled water. On varying mf, the glass temperature is higher during the minimum mf. With increased mf from 7.35 to 13.32 and from 7.35 to 17.72 kg h−1, the glass temperature is almost equivalent to the ambient temperature with fully opened flow cover cooling technique. The reduced glass temperature enhanced the rate of condensation. Similarly, the hourly instant efficiency of the ISPBSS with fully opened cover cooling is higher as compared with the similar ISPBSS without and with partially cover cooling condition. The highest hourly instantaneous efficiency of ISPBSS with partially and fully opened cover cooling is found as 85% and 88%, respectively.
[en] This paper studies the experimental and exergy analysis of solar still with the sand heat energy storage system. The cumulative yield from solar still with and without energy storage material is found to be 3.3 and 1.89 kg/m2, respectively for 8-h operation. Results show that the exergy efficiency of the system is higher with the least water depth of 0.02 m (mw = 20 kg). Competitive analysis of second law efficiency shows that the exergy efficiency improves the system by 30% than conventional single slope solar still without any heat storage. The maximum exergy efficiency with energy storage material is found as 13.2% and it is less than the conventional solar still without any material inside the basin.
[en] Experimental investigation to study the effect of coupling a flat plate solar collector on the productivity of solar stills was carried out. Other different parameters (i.e. water depth, direction of still, solar radiation) to enhance the productivity were also studied. Single slope solar still with mirrors fixed to its interior sides was coupled with a flat plate collector. It has been found that coupling of a solar collector with a still has increased the productivity by 56%. Also the increase of water depth has decreased the productivity, while the still productivity is found to be proportional to the solar radiation intensity.(Author)
[en] Highlights: • Single slope solar still coupled with N-identical PVT FPCs has been proposed. • EPBT of the proposed still is found to be 89.90% lower than that of N-PVT-CPC-SS. • An improvement of 27.5% in water production cost over N-PVT-CPC-SS is achieved. • LCCE of N-PVT-FPC-SS is 56.25% higher than that of N-PVT-CPC-SS. - Abstract: This paper communicates the improvement in performance of single slope solar still (SS) by including N identical partially covered photovoltaic thermal (PVT) collectors. Three models have been considered namely, SS included with N identical partially covered PVT flat plate collectors (N-PVT-FPC-SS); SS included with N identical partially covered PVT compound parabolic concentrator collectors (N-PVT-CPC-SS) and conventional SS (CSS). In this work, yearly production of potable water, energy, exergy, energy metrics, cost of distillate output and cogeneration efficiency have been computed for the proposed N-PVT-FPC-SS at 0.14 m water depth under optimized condition for New Delhi, India. Results obtained have been compared with results reported by researchers previously and it has been concluded that exergy based energy payback time is lower by 89.90% and 44.45%; energy production factor is higher by 46.67% and 31.11%; life cycle conversion efficiency is higher by 56.25% and 37.50% and production cost of potable water is lower by 27.05% and 3.20% for the proposed N-PVT-FPC-SS than N-PVT-CPC-SS and CSS respectively. The proposed system can produce potable water on commercial scale and at the same time, it can meet DC electrical power need.
[en] Surfaces used for evaporation and condensation phenomenon play important roles in the performance of basin type solar still. In the present study, a concave wick surface was used for evaporation, whereas four sides of a pyramid shaped still were used for condensation. Use of jute wick increased the amount of absorbed solar radiation and enhanced the evaporation surface area. A concave shaped wick surface increases the evaporation area due to the capillary effect. Results show that average distillate productivity in day time was 4.1 l/m2 and a maximum instantaneous system efficiency of 45% and average daily efficiency of 30% were recorded. The maximum hourly yield was 0.5 l/h. m2 after solar noon. An estimated cost of 1 l of distillate was 0.065 $ for the presented solar still.