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[en] The power industry is the most crucial and strategic sector for any country to achieve its vision. Due to the fast depletion and high cost of fossil fuel, this is now a threat to sustainable growth. Attention is now focused on renewable energies as an alternative. In Malaysia, renewable energy was included in the 8th Malaysia Plan (2000–2005) with a target of 500 MW out of the 20,000 MW total generation capacity. However, for the first 10 years (2000–2010) only 41.5 MW planting up has been achieved. This paper recommends strategies, implementation mechanism, and financial framework to ensure success of the initiatives. Some of the recommendations were currently being implemented such as the Green Technology Fund and the Fit-In-Tariff. In addition, this paper proposes the incorporation of a Malaysian Renewable Energy Development Board with wide legislative and executive powers, that would be a strong champion of the RE initiatives. Its primary function would be, inter alia, cross-ministry coordination, tariff fixation, regulating utilization of renewable biomass waste, institute fiscal incentives such as investment incentives, tax holidays, removal of barriers, and initiate government funded Research, Development and Demonstration (RD and D) initiatives.
Texts of the Agency's Agreements with the Republic of Austria. A further supplemental agreement to the Headquarters Agreement. Supplemental Agreement pursuant to Section 4(b) of the Agreement between the Republic of Austria and the International Atomic Energy Agency regarding the Headquarters of the International Atomic Energy Agency
[en] The text of the exchange of Notes, dated 6 July 1995 and 29 September 1995 respectively, between the IAEA and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Austria regarding Section 4(b) of the Headquarters Agreement which allows the IAEA 'to establish and operate such additional radio and other telecommunications facilities as may be specified by supplemental agreement ....' is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members of the Agency
[en] A brief look at the instrumentation performance and calibration problems faced by individual state radiation protection agencies is presented. Among other things, the author suggests that a formalized process for establishing traceability of a calibration to a national standard, and a performance standard for both field and laboratory instrumentation be initiated
[en] Value stream mapping is a tool which is needed to let the business leader of XYZ Hospital to see what is actually happening in its business process that have caused longer lead time for self-produced medicines in its pharmacy unit. This problem has triggered many complaints filed by patients. After deploying this tool, the team has come up with the fact that in processing the medicine, pharmacy unit does not have any storage and capsule packing tool and this condition has caused many wasting times in its process. Therefore, the team has proposed to the business leader to procure the required tools in order to shorten its process. This research has resulted in shortened lead time from 45 minutes to 30 minutes as required by the government through Indonesian health ministry with increased %VA (valued added activity) or Process Cycle Efficiency (PCE) from 66% to 68% (considered lean because it is upper than required 30%). This result has proved that the process effectiveness has been increase by the improvement.
[en] Ramon Mendez Galain, Degree in Physics from the University of Grenoble, France and PhD in Physics from the University of La Plata, Argentina, Professor holder and researcher at the University of the Republic, is currently Director of Energy in the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Mining. it is also member of the Scientific Advisory Board of Uruguay.It has been considered appropriate an interview on a topic so vital to the development as is the availability energy, oil fuels, energy sources in Uruguay,
[en] Among the communication activities carried out in the field of CNEA in Cordoba, are the dissemination of nuclear science and technology from two approaches: Peaceful applications of nuclear technology and National nuclear activities. The appropriate selection is based on different objectives and public-target recipients. The former is used when the request comes from the educational field, the intention underlying the complement of teaching curricula. In this way it is added to the traditional teaching classes, a teaching tool that reduces the body away theoretical concepts and practical applications, an issue that often discourage students when not properly resolved. The second is used in the case of activities performed in institutional frameworks of Week or Month kind of Science and Technology, or at different levels of science fairs. The objective here is to contribute to improving school science culture, providing information on activities and existing nuclear facilities in the country, showing a picture to continue studies or find a job opportunity according to the vocation of the young. However, regardless of the form, the disclosure is made from the need to communicate the meaning of national nuclear science and technology, not only because it is necessary to give information, but because it seeks to form its critical judgment regarding the advantages and disadvantages they entail. The main activities and results described in this paper are those made through the outreach programs of the Department of Outreach and Science Education of the Ministry of Science and Technology of Córdoba, under the Ministry of Industry, Trade, Scientific and Technological Development and Mining. (author)
[es]Entre las actividades de comunicación que se realizan en el ámbito de la CNEA en Córdoba, se encuentran las de divulgación de la ciencia y tecnología nucleares desde dos enfoques: Aplicaciones pacíficas de la tecnología nuclear y Actividades nucleares nacionales. La elección correspondiente se fundamenta en diferentes objetivos y públicos-meta destinatarios. El primero se utiliza cuando la solicitud proviene del ámbito educativo, en el que subyace la intención del docente de complementar los contenidos curriculares. De esta manera se agrega al dictado tradicional de clases, una herramienta didáctica que reduce la distancia ente los conceptos teóricos y las aplicaciones prácticas, cuestión que suele desalentar a los estudiantes cuando no se resuelve adecuadamente. El segundo se utiliza en el caso de actividades que se realizan en marcos institucionales del tipo Semana o Mes de la Ciencia y la Tecnología, o en las distintas instancias de las ferias de ciencia. El objetivo en este caso es el de contribuir al mejoramiento de la cultura científica escolar, brindando información sobre actividades e instalaciones nucleares existentes en el país, mostrando un panorama para continuar estudios o encontrar una salida laboral acorde a la vocación de los jóvenes. Sin embargo, cualquiera sea la modalidad, la divulgación se realiza a partir de la necesidad de comunicar el significado de la ciencia y la tecnología nucleares nacionales, no sólo porque es necesario dar información, sino porque se busca formar su juicio crítico respecto de las ventajas y desventajas que estas implican. Las principales actividades y los resultados obtenidos que se describen en este trabajo, son las realizadas a través de los programas de divulgación de la Dirección de Divulgación y Enseñanza de la Ciencia de la Secretaría de Ciencia y Tecnología de Córdoba, dependiente del Ministerio de Industria, Comercio, Minería y Desarrollo Científico Tecnológico. (author)
[en] Background: A radiation oncology training program is a critical element for capacity building of human resources in radiotherapy service worldwide. In spite of the great challenges facing Iraq, a war-torn country since early 1980s, the 1st high level of specialized training program in radiation oncology (4 year post-graduate board study program) was successfully established in mid-2013 under the aegis of the regional Ministry of Health and Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. However, due to some gaps in some of the local expertise, a global outreach to institutes and individuals was approached and networking had been achieved to invite some of the internationally qualified experts to visit the training center and supplement locally available expertise. The authors here are trying to elaborate these efforts in advancing the level of radiation oncology training program in Iraq. It is hoped that this is of interest to the global radiotherapy community. Methods: Description of the efforts and expertise that joined the radiation oncology training program in Iraq. Results: After getting the approval to establish the 1st board program in radiation oncology in Iraq in late 2012, based in Zhianawa Cancer Center (ZCC) / Sulaymaniyah city, under the auspices of the Kurdistan Board for Medical Specialties (KBMS) and the real start of this program in July 2013 by accepting four trainees, networking was started by signing up some memoranda of understanding “MoU” with some training institutes / cancer foundations abroad and by approaching some of international experts to physically visit the training center on voluntary base for some period of time, to further support the local training program. As a result, four “MoU”s were signed with institutes / foundations in the USA, Canada, India and Turkey and seven colleagues accepted the invitation and joined the training program in Iraq for some periods of time, ranged from three days to two weeks. Together, this provided a comprehensive cover for the training requirements at that stage. The educational visits were achieved by the visits of experts in tumor pathology (from USA), in medical physics (from KSA and USA), in radiation oncology (from Jordan and Canada) and in clinical oncology (from UK). For the outcomes, we have achieved the following: 1. Launch of the Multi-Disciplinary Oncology Course (MDOC) Iraq series in its 1st copy for 5 days about general oncology in February 2015 and in its 2nd copy for 2 days about gynecology oncology in September 2016.
[en] The Ontario government has announced new directions in energy, one of which is a moratorium on the development of new nuclear generating stations. The province also intends to make energy efficiency the top priority
[en] To ensure public safety against veterinary drug residues in food products from animal sources, maximum residue limits (MRLs) should be established by scientific evidence and a transparent estimation process. The Joint Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) developed an Excel workbook-based tool for MRLs evaluation in 2003. In this study, we developed a web-based tool for MRL evaluation, called Korean MRL evaluation tools (KMET). While KMET used algorithms of JECFA workbook, it added some databases (e.g., Korean food consumption database) and provided additional functions (e.g., selection of target marker residue). Web-based KMET enabled regulatory policy makers to update the database. All input data and output results related to MRL evaluation based on residue depletion and food consumption datasets were archived and provided overall processes from the initial depletion data entry to MRL establishment with user-friendly interface. Our results demonstrated the stepwise processes whereby MRL for trichlorfon in the muscle of Paralichthys olivaceus was established with functional descriptions of KMET. MRL for trichlorfon derived from KMET was proposed and notified by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety in 2018.