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[en] Highlights: • Two sulfonated PMOs are first used in the separation of C2H2/CH4 mixtures. • The density of -SO3H can be tuned by the bridging groups in the pristine PMOs. • The separation of mixtures is further demonstrated by experimental breakthrough. - Abstract: Light hydrocarbon mixtures separation is a very important industrial process. Here, two periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs) functionalized with sulfonic acid groups have been successfully synthesized via post-synthetic modification of phenylene- or biphenylene-bridged PMO material, which are used in the separation of C2H2/CH4 mixtures. The biphenylene-bridged PMO material with pendent sulfonate groups (s-PMO-2) shows up highly selective adsorption toward C2H2/CH4 mixture upon the cooperative effect of pore space and sulfonate groups. The efficiency for the separation of C2H2/CH4 mixtures is further demonstrated by column experimental breakthrough.
[en] Plutonium metal that does not meet product purity specifications and aged plutonium metal into which /sup 241/Am has grown must be recycled through a recovery and purification process. At the Savannah River Plant (SRP), the initial recycle step is dissolution of the metal. Since about 1962, sulfamic acid has been the accepted dissolvent in the SRP process. This paper dicusses the dissolving of plutonium metal in sulfamic aid. 4 refs
[en] Sultones, the cyclic esters of hydroxyl sulfonic acids, are a fascinating class of heterocycles and the recent years have witnessed an increasing interest in these molecules, especially in six-ring δ-sultones. The importance of these compounds is either because of their biological properties themselves or due to their versatility as intermediates in more complex target syntheses. Accordingly, the development of new synthesis methods to access δ-sultones is an important and rewarding task which we wish to highlight in this review. Graphical abstract: .
[en] The mediated effects of reduction products of some ortho-hydroxyl substituted azo dyes on biodecolorization were investigated. The results indicated that the addition of reduction products could effectively accelerate dye decolorization by Shigella sp. QRZ-1. The best accelerating effect was obtained with the addition of reduction products of Acid Red 14 (AR14), resulting in an over 3-fold increase in decolorization efficiency of many azo dyes. In sequencing batch reactor experiments, the accelerating effect of reduction products of AR14 was more obvious (1.5-fold) during the startup of the system. When the dye concentration was increased to 500 mg L-1, the accelerated decolorization efficiency was still maintained around 95%. The presence of AR14 in the feed enhanced the decolorization performance of anaerobic sludge, indicating that the strategy may be beneficial for practical application. 1-Naphthol-2-amino-4-sulfonic acid, which is one of the reduction products of AR14, may function as redox mediator to speed up azo dye biodecolorization.
[en] Saccharin sulfonic acid can be used as an efficient catalyst for the acylation of aldehydes using acetic anhydride. This is also a suitable catalyst for the regeneration of aldehydes from the related acylals in the presence of wet SiO_2. The significant advantages of this methodology are mild, solvent-free reaction conditions, relatively short reaction times, high yields of the products, selectivity and easy work-up. The Protection and deprotection of organic functional groups are important procceses during multi-step organic synthesis. The choice of a method which is used for the functional group transformations depends on its simplicity, high yields of the desired products, short reaction times, low cost of the process and ease of the work-up procedure. Between the several methods available for the protection of aldehydes, acylal formation is often preferred due to the ease of preparation and the stability of the produced 1,1-diacetate towards basic and neutral conditions. In addition, 1,1-diacetates serve as valuable precursors for asymmetric allylic alkylation and synthesis of natural products as well as for the synthesis of 1-acetoxydienes and 2,2-dichlorovinylacetates for Diels-Alder reactions. Acylals have also been used as cross-linking agents for cellulose in cotton and as bleaching activators in wine-stained fabrics. Moreover, the acylal functionality can be converted to other functional groups by reaction with appropriate nucleophiles