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[en] Introduction: Rhabdomyosarcomas in the orbit form a major challenge in terms of cure without severe side effects in childhood cancer. Our specifically developed approach consists of applying brachytherapy to the tumor area using a mold. Analysis of its results for 20 patients was performed. Methods and Materials: Thirteen patients were referred for brachytherapy if complete remission was not reached after chemotherapy (Group I) and 7 in case of relapse (Group II). In total, 20 patients were treated between 1991 and 2007. Four were female and 16 male; their ages varied from 1.1 to 16.5 years, with an average of 8.5 years. After macroscopically radical tumor resection, molds with holes drilled to hold flexible catheters were placed into the orbit. The dose to the clinical target volume was 40-50 Gy. Results: Three patients of Group I and 1 patient of Group II developed local recurrence and underwent exenteration. The progression-free survival in Group I is 71.9% (95% CI 0.44-1.0), in Group II 85.7% (95% CI 0.60-1.0), the overall 5-year survival rate of the entire group is 92% (95% CI 0.76-1.0). During treatment, no serious side effects were observed. The late complications encountered in this series were cataract in 2 patients, 1 of whom also developed mild retinopathy. Two patients with ptosis needed surgical correction. No facial asymmetries or bone growth anomalies were observed. Conclusions: This entire procedure of brachytherapy with a mold offers a tailor-made treatment for orbital rhabdomyosarcomas with only few signs of late toxicity.
[en] From 1966 to 1985, 103 patients with a localized follicular lymphoma were treated at the Fondation Bergonie. Clinical staging was performed using, after physical examination, chest X-rays, bipedal lymphangiography and unilateral bone marrow biopsy (BMB). The patients were then treated by radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. Overall survival (OS) at 5 and 10 years is 69 and 56.3%, respectively. Relapse-free survival (RFS) is 53.7 and 49%. Unifactorial analysis shows three prognostic parameters to be independently significant in terms of OS: age, stage and B symptons. In terms of RFS, only 2 factors are significant: age and B symptons. Multivariate analysis (Cox model) shows that age is a more important prognostic factor than stage. 40 refs.; 3 figs.; 3 tabs
[en] From 1978-1992, 159 patients were treated for local recurrences of rectal carcinoma. They could be subdivided into three groups according to the type of primary treatment given; 82 patients underwent primary surgery without irradiation, 37 patients had preoperative and 40 patients postoperative radiotherapy. The localizations of the recurrences and the curative and palliative potentials of surgery and radiotherapy in the treatment of local recurrences were studied. There was no difference in the localisation of the recurrences in the three groups. Median time between initial surgery and recurrence was also almost the same in the three groups and 75% of the recurrences appeared within 2 years. Twenty percent of the patients in the primary surgery alone group, compared with 49% and 38% in the preoperative and postoperative irradiation groups, respectively, had distant metastases at the time of the diagnosis of local recurrence. The predominant symptom from the local recurrence was pain and, after treatment of the recurrence, pain relief was registered in 63%. In 66%, 16% and 22%, respectively, of the patients in the three groups, the intention of the treatment was curative, with either radiotherapy alone, radiotherapy combined with surgery or surgery alone. The 5-years-survival after recurrence was 6% in the primary surgery alone group and 0% in the other 2 groups. Of the 69 patients treated with a curative intention, 32% were locally symptom-free at death or the last follow-up. Our conclusion is that a local recurrence must be avoided due to the morbidity associated with local failure and the potentially low likelihood of curative treatment of a local recurrence
[en] Purpose: The 50-month results of a prospective Phase II trial of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in medically inoperable patients are reported. Methods and Materials: A total of 70 medically inoperable patients had clinically staged T1 (34 patients) or T2 (36 patients) (≤7 cm), N0, M0, biopsy-confirmed non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and received SBRT as per our previously published reports. The SBRT treatment dose of 60-66 Gy was prescribed to the 80% isodose volume in three fractions. Results: Median follow-up was 50.2 months (range, 1.4-64.8 months). Kaplan-Meier local control at 3 years was 88.1%. Regional (nodal) and distant recurrence occurred in 6 (8.6%) and 9 (12.9%) patients, respectively. Median survival (MS) was 32.4 months and 3-year overall survival (OS) was 42.7% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 31.1-54.3%). Cancer-specific survival at 3 years was 81.7% (95% CI, 70.0-93.4%). For patients with T1 tumors, MS was 38.7 months (95% CI, 25.3-50.2) and for T2 tumors MS was 24.5 months (95% CI, 18.5-37.4) (p = 0.194). Tumor volume (≤5 cc, 5-10 cc, 10-20 cc, >20 cc) did not significantly impact survival: MS was 36.9 months (95% CI, 18.1-42.9), 34.0 (95% CI, 16.9-57.1), 32.8 (95% CI, 21.3-57.8), and 21.4 months (95% CI, 17.8-41.6), respectively (p = 0.712). There was no significant survival difference between patients with peripheral vs. central tumors (MS 33.2 vs. 24.4 months, p = 0.697). Grade 3 to 5 toxicity occurred in 5 of 48 patients with peripheral lung tumors (10.4%) and in 6 of 22 patients (27.3%) with central tumors (Fisher's exact test, p = 0.088). Conclusion: Based on our study results, use of SBRT results in high rates of local control in medically inoperable patients with Stage I NSCLC.
[en] Purpose: To retrospectively review the outcomes of our patients with newly diagnosed nondisseminated nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy using a whole-field simultaneous integrated-boost technique. Methods and Materials: A total of 175 patients treated with WF-SIB between mid-2004 and 2005 were eligible for study inclusion. The distribution of disease by stage was Stage IA in 10.9%, Stage IIA in 2.3%, Stage IIB in 21.7%, Stage III in 41.1%, Stage IVA in 14.9%, and Stage IVB in 9.1%. Of the 175 patients, 2 (1.2%), 10 (5.7%), and 163 (93.1%) had World Health Organization type I, II, and III histologic features, respectively. We prescribed 70 Gy, 60 Gy, and 54 Gy delivered in 33 fractions within 6.5 weeks at the periphery of three planning target volumes (PTV; PTV70, PTV60, and PTV54, respectively). Of the 175 patients, 46 with early T-stage disease received a brachytherapy boost, and 127 with advanced local or regional disease received chemotherapy. Results: The median follow-up period was 34 months. The overall 3-year local failure-free survival, regional failure-free survival, distant failure-free survival, and overall survival rate was 93.6%, 93.3%, 86.6%, and 87.2%, respectively. Cox regression analysis showed Stage N2-N3 disease (p = .029) and PTV (p = .024) to be independent factors predicting a greater risk of distant failure and poor overall survival, respectively. Grade 3 acute mucositis/pharyngitis occurred in 23.4% of patients, and Stage T4 disease was the only significant predictor of mucositis/pharyngitis (p = .021). Conclusion: Whole-field simultaneous integrated-boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy with a dose >70 Gy achieved excellent locoregional control, without an excess incidence of severe, acute mucositis/pharyngitis, in the present study. Strategies for using such highly conformal treatment for patients with a large tumor and late N-stage disease are potential areas of investigation for future studies.
[en] We conducted a prospective randomized study of the benefit of adjuvant radiation therapy delivered by the brachytherapy technique in 117 adult patients who had soft-tissue sarcoma that was on an extremity or superficially localized to the trunk. A significant decrease in local recurrence was demonstrated in the patients receiving brachytherapy. The benefit did not appear to be due to any maldistribution in the known prognostic factors of size, site, depth, presentation with recurrence, or histologic grade. The decrease in local recurrence appears to be due to the decreased local recurrence in high-grade sarcomas. Survival differences were not identified, and accrual and follow-up were continued
[en] Purpose: To examine the association between radiation therapy (RT) utilization and overall survival (OS) for patients with early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Methods and Materials: Using the National Cancer Database, we evaluated clinical features and survival outcomes among patients diagnosed with stage I/II HL from 1998 to 2011. The association between RT use, covariables, and outcome was assessed in a Cox proportional hazards regression model. Propensity score matching was performed to balance observed confounding factors. Survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Among the 41,943 patients in the National Cancer Database with stage I/II HL, 29,752 patients were analyzed for this study. Radiation therapy use was associated with younger age (≤40 years), favorable insured status, higher socioeconomic status (income, education), and treatment at comprehensive community cancer centers (all P<.05). Five-year OS for patients receiving RT was 94.5%, versus 88.9% for those not receiving RT (P<.01). Radiation therapy use was a significant predictor of OS in the “As-Treated” cohort (hazard ratio 0.53, 95% confidence interval 0.49-0.58, P<.01) and intention-to-treat analysis (P<.01). After propensity score matching based on clinicopathologic characteristics, RT use remained associated with improved OS (hazard ratio 0.46, 95% confidence interval 0.38-0.56, P<.01). Over the study period, RT utilization for this cohort decreased from 55% to 44%, most commonly because it was not part of the planned initial treatment strategy. Conclusions: Consolidation RT was associated with improved OS for patients with early-stage classic HL. We also have identified patient-specific variations in the use of RT that may be targeted to improve patient access to care.
[en] A retrospective analysis of 965 patients with invasive cervix cancer treated by radiation therapy between 1976 and 1981 was performed in order to evaluate prognostic factors for disease-free survival (DFS) and pelvic control. FIGO stage was the most powerful prognostic factor followed by radiation dose and treatment duration (P values = 0.0001). If the analysis was limited to patients treated with radical doses of 75 Gy or more, dose was no longer significant. Young age at diagnosis, non-squamous histology and transfusion during treatment were also adverse prognostic factors for survival and control. Para-aortic nodal involvement on lymphogram was associated with a reduction in DFS (P = 0.0027), whereas pelvic lymph node involvement alone was not. In patients with Stage I and IIA disease, tumour size was the most powerful prognostic factor for survival (P = 0.0001) and the extent of pelvic sidewall involvement was significant in patients with Stage III tumours (P = 0.007). Histological grade appeared to be a predictive factor but was only recorded in 712 patients. These features should be considered in the staging of patients and in the design of clinical trials
[en] Between 1980 and 1994, 71 women with histologically proven ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) were diagnosed at Ullevaal Hospital; bilateral tumours were found in two patients. Surgical treatment was mastectomy (42 lesions) or local excision (31 lesions). Median follow-up time was 7.2 years. Ten patients experienced a local recurrence, seven of which were invasive carcinomas. The actuarial 5-year local recurrence rate was 22% after local excision. A multivariate analysis found that tumour size was the only factor that predicted local recurrence after local excision. An analysis of relative survival in a nation-wide material of 832 DCIS patients in the period 1980 to 1994 demonstrates that relative survival after a DCIS diagnosis is almost 100%, irrespective of surgical treatment of the initial lesion