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[en] Technical developments, both good and bad, today have much further-reaching implications than in former times. Against this background, it is only natural that decision-makers in industry and economics should discuss problems of ethics while the guardians of ethics have discovered their interest in technology. The problems now arising can only be solved in a well-founded dialogue. (orig./HP)
[de]Technische Entwicklungen oder Fehlentwicklungen haben heute viel weitreichendere Folgen als frueher. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist es unabdingbar, dass sich verantwortliche Vertreter von Industrie und Wirtschaft mit Ethik und die Hueter der Ethik mit Technik befassen, denn nur ein fundierter Dialog kann zur Loesung der anstehenden Probleme fuehren. (orig./HP)
[en] The purpose of this paper is to showcase some recent innovations in nuclear industry that might find application in other industrial sectors. Advances in high permeability crossflow filtration and high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration are detailed
[en] The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Project is a multi-phased project, presently proceeding under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency according to the terms of a four-Party agreement between the European Atomic Energy Community, the Government of Japan, the Government of the United States, and the Government of the Russian Federation (open-quotes the Partiesclose quotes). The ITER Project is based on the tokamak, a Russian invention and since brought to a high level of development in all major fusion programs in the world. The objective of ITER is to demonstrate the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion energy for energy production as well as testing the technologies for a demonstration fusion powerplant. During extended performance operation ITER will be capable of producing more than 1,000 mega-watts of fusion power, an amount of heat that is comparable to today's large-scale nuclear or fossil fuel-powered electric generating plants. The objective of the Engineering Design Activities (EDA) is to produce the detailed, complete, and fully integrated engineering design of ITER and all technical data necessary for future decisions on the construction of ITER. The ITER design, including components and technologies, will be described
[en] In order to facilitate stakeholder discussions on how to regulate nanotechnology, the opensource program multicriteria mapping (MCM) was used to structure 26 interviews with stakeholders in the USA. MCM offers a systematic part quantitative, part qualitative approach to clarify why some regulatory options (bans, moratoriums, voluntary measures, etc.) were deemed to be acceptable/unacceptable by various stakeholders and which criteria stakeholders used to evaluate the different regulatory options. Adopting an incremental approach and implementing a new regulatory framework was evaluated as the best options whereas a complete ban and no additional regulation of nanotechnology were found to be the least favorable. Criteria applied differed substantially among stakeholders and included social, ethical, regulatory, environmental, and health issues. Opinions on future regulation seem far less polarized than expected and it seems that stakeholders would welcome a combination of voluntary measures, an incremental approach and forming of a new regulatory framework.