Results 1 - 10 of 1399
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[en] The work consists of analyzing three roving linen of different linear density (200 tex, 400 tex, 2000 tex) and three fabrics (satin, twill weave and plain weave) which were made on rapiere loom called Picanol. The purpose of the study is to analyze the mechanical properties of linen roving and the resulting composites that will be needed in the future to design a lightweight truss or structural frame. (paper)
[en] The synthesis of Trimethylol Melamine (TMM) precondensate was carried out by the controlled reaction of formaldehyde with melamine, which belonging to class of partially methylolated thermosetting resins. The product was clear, transparent, viscous and miscible with water. The refractive index, density and maximum absorption of the synthesized TMM was determined. The dyed (C.I. Direct Red 2) cotton and rayon specimens were impregnated with synthesized precondensate (TMM) and Fix M-3 (commercially available trimethylol melamine of BSF product), cured at 150 deg. C for 3 min using curing catalyst. The performance of the synthesized and Fix M-3 evaluated using rubbing, washing and light fastness tests. The rubbing fastness to crocking, color fastness to washing and light fastness is reported and found to be dependent on the fixing efficiency of fixer. The fastness to light is found to be dependent on the aromatic character of melamine ring which obviously due to the preferably absorption in the UV region. (author)
[en] In this paper we proposed a central order processing system under resource sharing strategy for demand-driven garment supply chains to increase supply chain performances. We examined this system by using simulation technology. Simulation results showed that significant improvement in various performance indicators was obtained in new collaborative model with proposed system. (paper)
[en] Today societies are already experiencing changes in their production systems and even consumption in order to guarantee the survival and well-being of future generations. This fact emerges from the need to adopt a more sustainable posture in both people’s daily lives and productive systems. Within this context, textile sustainability emerges as the object of study of this work whose aim is to analyse which sustainability dimensions are being prioritized by the clean waste management systems of the textile and garment industries. This article aims to analyse solutions that are being proposed by sustainable creative business models in the reuse of discarded fabrics by the textile industry. Search also through a qualitative research by a case study (the Reuse Fabric Bank) understand the benefits generated by the re-use in environmental, economic, social and ways to add value. (paper)
[en] The 3D printing belongs to the rapidly emerging technologies which have the chance to revolutionize the way products are created. In the textile industry, several designers have already presented creations of shoes, dresses or other garments which could not be produced with common techniques. 3D printing, however, is still far away from being a usual process in textile and clothing production. The main challenge results from the insufficient mechanical properties, especially the low tensile strength, of pure 3D printed products, prohibiting them from replacing common technologies such as weaving or knitting. Thus, one way to the application of 3D printed forms in garments is combining them with textile fabrics, the latter ensuring the necessary tensile strength. This article reports about different approaches to combine 3D printed polymers with different textile materials and fabrics, showing chances and limits of this technique. (paper)
[en] Pollution from textile industry is huge because the pollutants are chemical that are dangerous both in liquid and gaseous form. The dispersion of the pollutants was evaluated using mathematical models. It was observed that the dispersion modes of pollutants are both stable and turbulent. Hence, when textile pollution is not controlled, it has huge potential to claim life forms. It is recommended that the dumping and improper disposal of textile waste should be avoided. Also, there is an option of recycled or made from recyclable and biodegradable products. (paper)
[en] In textile industry, supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2), possessing liquid-like densities, mostly find an application on textile dyeing processes such as providing hydrophobic dyes an advantage on dissolving. Their gas-like low viscosities and diffusion properties can result in shorter dyeing periods in comparison with the conventional water dyeing process. Supercritical carbon dioxide dyeing is an anhydrous dyeing and this process comprises the usage of less energy and chemicals when compared to conventional water dyeing processes leading to a potential of up to 50% lower operation costs. The advantages of supercritical carbon dioxide dyeing method especially on synthetic fiber fabrics hearten leading textile companies to alter their dyeing method to this privileged waterless dyeing technology. Supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) waterless dyeing is widely known and applied green method for sustainable and eco-friendly textile industry. However, not only the dyeing but also scouring, desizing and different finishing applications take the advantage of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2). In this review, not only the principle, advantages and disadvantages of dyeing in supercritical carbon dioxide but also recent developments of scCO2 usage in different textile processing steps such as scouring, desizing and finishing are explained and commercial developments are stated and summed up. (paper)
[en] Atmospheric plasma technology finds novel applications in textile industry. It eliminates the usage of water and of hazard liquid chemicals, making production much more eco-friendly and economically convenient. Due to chemical effects of atmospheric plasma, it permits to optimize dyeing and laminating affinity of fabrics, as well as anti-microbial treatments. Other important applications such as increase of mechanical resistance of fiber sleeves and of yarns, anti-pilling properties of fabrics and anti-shrinking property of wool fabrics were studied in this work. These results could be attributed to the generation of nano roughness on fibers surface by atmospheric plasma. Nano roughness generation is extensively studied at different conditions. Alternative explanations for the important practical results on textile materials and discussed.
[en] Nowadays the majority of textile industries are not able to characterize or to study the process of adhering the microcapsule to the fibre’s surface. There are various industrial processes to apply PCM’s microcapsules, but determining optimal amounts of products, temperature, conditions and other process variables are an important challenge for the textile sector in order to achieve the highest depositions and retention of this type of microcapsules. This work is focused on determining and quantifying presence PCMs microcapsules when applied onto fabrics by two systems padding and coating and determining which method is the most effective. Also, the influence of the concentration of resin used in the formulation on the flexural rigidity of the fabric has been studied. (paper)
[en] Textile manufacturing is one of the largest industries in the world, and synthetic fibres represent two-thirds of the global textile market. Synthetic fibres are manufactured from petroleum-based feedstocks, which are becoming increasingly expensive as demand for finite petroleum reserves continues to rise. For the last three decades, spider silks have been held up as a model that could inspire the production of protein fibres exhibiting high performance and ecological sustainability, but unfortunately, artificial spider silks have yet to fulfil this promise. Previous work on the biomechanics of protein fibres from the slime of hagfishes suggests that these fibres might be a superior biomimetic model to spider silks. Based on the fact that the proteins within these 'slime threads' adopt conformations that are similar to those in spider silks when they are stretched, we hypothesized that draw processing of slime threads should yield fibres that are comparable to spider dragline silk in their mechanical performance. Here we show that draw-processed slime threads are indeed exceptionally strong and tough. We also show that post-drawing steps such as annealing, dehydration and covalent cross-linking can dramatically improve the long-term dimensional stability of the threads. The data presented here suggest that hagfish slime threads are a model that should be pursued in the quest to produce fibres that are ecologically sustainable and economically viable.