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[en] Twenty-six lightcurves of Psyche are presented together with UBV photometry and phase functions from 1975 and 1976. Combining photometric data from this opposition with those from previous apparitions resulted in a mean phase coefficient in V of 0.026 + or - 0.002 mag/deg. No significant phase-dependent variation in the U-B color could be determined from the data. The B-V color, however, displayed a reddening with phase of 0.0010 + or - 0.0004 mag/deg. It is concluded that compositional variations over Psyche's surface are minor, and that Psyche's opposition effect is typical of that for other well-observed asteroids. Psyche's behavior is accounted for if, to the first order, its shape is that of a triaxial ellipsoid with axial ratios near 5:4:3
[en] The Moscoviense basin is an atypical lunar impact basin with concentric rings of positive and negative gravity anomalies. This basin can provide insights into the inhomogeneous thermal activities across the farside of the Moon. Based on an updated spherical harmonic thin elastic-shell loading model, we used localized admittance analyses to estimate the elastic thickness as well as other associated selenophysical parameters for the Moscoviense basin. The high precision gravity and topography data employed in our estimation were collected by the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory and the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter missions. Our results indicate that the crust-mantle interface is mainly compensated by the prefilling depth rather than the observed surface topography. The results constrained within two standard deviations yielded a small load ratio (∼0.168), a best-fit crustal thickness of 36.2 km, and an optimized crustal density of 3159.5 kg m−3. Such large density approaches the density of olivine-rich mantle materials, implying that the excavation of the Mare Moscoviense occurred during a basin-forming impact. The inversed elastic thickness at Mare Moscoviense was around 18 km, lower than the previous results (∼60 km) found over Mare basins on the lunar nearside. These results indicate that extreme thermal activity existed during the Moscoviense basin-forming period such as reheating mechanisms from a double-impact process and mare volcanism. (paper)
[en] The author measured the distance from mental foramen to the occlusal plane and classified the positional frequency of mental foramen to the tooth site using topography. The results were obtained as follows; 1. Of 964 mental foramen taken, the common site was in 2nd premolar region showing 64.08 percent in right and 57.17 per cent in left site. 2. The average distance from occlusal plane to the upper border of premolar region was 23.20 mm and lower border was 25. 07 mm. 3. The positional variation of mental foramen was that 4.77 percent were located above the apex of the nearest tooth, 50.42 per cent were located at the apex of the nearest tooth and 44.81 percent were located below the apex of the nearest tooth.
[en] In this study we describe the first example of 3D bioprinted triphasic chiral nanocomposite (NC) hydrogels/scaffolds to simulate the complex 3D architecture, nano/micro scale topography, and chiral nature of extracellular matrix. These multifunctional constructs are prepared using a 3D bioprinting technique and are composed of three connected hydrogels/scaffolds, two of which are loaded with nanomaterials functionalized with opposite enantiomers of a biomolecule. With these constructs, we direct the migration of cells toward the part of the triphasic chiral NC hydrogels/scaffolds containing the cells’ preferred biomolecule enantiomer. (paper)
[en] The past 5 February 2018 published in the Official Bulletin of the City council of Madrid (BOAM) the approval of the initial project of the Ordenanza of Means of Intervention in Performances Urbanísticas.
[en] We report on peculiar behaviors due to anisotropic terrace diffusion on step meandering on a vicinal surface. We find that anisotropy triggers tilted ripples. In addition, if the fast diffusion direction is perpendicular to the steps, the instability is moderate and coarsening is absent, while in the opposite case the instability is promoted, and interrupted coarsening may be observed. Strong enough anisotropy restabilizes the step for almost all step orientations. These findings point to the nontrivial effect of anisotropy and open promising lines of inquiries in the design of surface architectures
[en] A treatment is given of the problem of surface diffusion processes occurring during surface topography development, whenever a surface is simultaneously seeded with impurities and ion bombarded. The development of controllable topography and the importance of surface diffusion parameters, which can be obtained during these studies, are also analyzed. 101 refs.; 7 figs.; 2 tabs
[en] A large range of high-value manufactured parts require structures to be produced over large areas (metres squared) at high-resolution (micrometres and smaller). Such manufacturing puts demands on the metrology that is required to assure product quality. High-speed, in-line metrology solutions are required to operate over large ranges with high-resolution. In this review, the use of optical super-resolution techniques to enhance the dynamic range of surface topography measuring instruments to allow them to be used in high dynamic range manufacturing scenarios will be highlighted. A brief discussion of optical super-resolution will be given, followed by a presentation of applications that may be able to benefit from optical super-resolution techniques, from the fields of microelectronics, structured surfaces and roll-to-roll manufacturing. (topical review)