Results 1 - 10 of 259
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[en] In this study, innovative forecasting techniques and data source from Big Data are used for the study of Hotel Overnight Stays for Spain, from January 2012 to December 2018. The unstoppable development of the tourism sector, together with the application of Big Data technologies, allow to make efficient decisions by economic agents. In this paper, univariate forecasting methodologies such as SARIMA and SSA are used. The use of the data obtained from the Google Data Mining tools allows to obtain knowledge. The ARDL models with seasonality explain easily when economic agents will make their decisions. ECM allows make forecasting for short-term and long-term. This fact means that tourist offers and demands can be perfectly adjusted at every moment of the year. As a criterion for the selection of models, the innovative Matrix U1 Theil is proposed, this allows to quantify how much a model is better than another in terms of forecasting.
[en] Literature review shows that little research has done so far to estimate how tourism indicators are affected by new HSR lines. In 2012, a multivariate panel analysis developed by Chen and Haynes was applied to the Chinese regions to quantify the HSR impact on tourism output. The Chinese experience confirmed that, during the period 1999-2010, emerging high speed rail services did have significant positive impacts on boosting tourism in China. Since them, no similar empirical tool has ever been tested in Europe. The aim of this paper is to analyze and validate the suitability of this tool to assess empirically the effects of HSR on Spanish tourism during the period 1999-2014, and to enhance the abovementioned model with a tourism database. With more than 20 years’ HSR experience, and operating the longest HSR network in Europe (2,900 km), Spain offers a good scenario for this model application because Spanish tourism sector represents 10.2% of its gross domestic product (GDP). Results clearly show that there is a direct linkage between the evolution of certain Spanish tourism outputs and the construction of the HSR network. However, authors´ recommendations include future new research on some variables limitations like the type of tourism output considered or the consideration. (Author)
[en] Tourist attractions along the 700 km-long Trans Taiga highway in northern Quebec are described. The highway, officially highway 666, heads north from Matagami towards Radisson in the James Bay region and then east towards Caniapiscau. The road crosses a vast region of boreal forest and near-tundra that is very sparsely populated. The road was constructed during the development of the James Bay hydroelectric project. Today, its existence allows tourists to access one of North America's most remote regions. Several anecdotes regarding travel in this wilderness region are told, along with a description of the people populating the area and local development. Hydro-Quebec facilities in the region are also reviewed. 9 figs
[en] Integrated coastal management in Uruguay Carmelo includes the following areas-Nueva Palmira challenges and opportunities for local development in a context of large-scale industrial (Conchillas Uruguay), coastal management and stream Arroyo Solis Solis Chico Grande, Punta Colorada and Punta Negra, Maldonado Province Arroyo Valizas and sustainable tourism.
[en] The tourism sector in Europe faces important challenges which it must deal with to promote its future development. In this context, the European Commission considers that two key issues must be addressed. On the one hand, a better base of socio-economic knowledge about tourism and its relationship with the environment is needed, and, on the other hand, it is necessary to improve the image of European areas as quality sustainable tourism destinations. In this paper we present analytical tools that cover these needs. Specifically, we define a system of sustainable tourism indicators and we obtain a composite indicator incorporating weights quantified using a panel of experts. Employing the values of this global indicator as a basis, we define a Sustainable Tourism Country-Brand Ranking which assesses the perception of each country-brand depending on its degree of sustainability, and a system of sustainable tourism labels which reward the management carried out. - Highlights: • We define a system of indicators to improve the knowledge about sustainable tourism. • We obtain composite indicators based on expert knowledge. • The Sustainable Tourism Country-Brand Ranking would improve the image of destinations. • We define a Sustainable Tourism Labels System to assess country-brands. • The conclusions of the empirical analysis can be extrapolated to other tourist areas
[en] Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) has been applied throughout the world in different sectors and in various ways. This paper reports on results of a PhD research on SEA applied to tourism development planning, reflecting the situation in mid-2010. First, the extent of tourism specific SEA application world-wide is established. Then, based on a review of the quality of 10 selected SEA reports, good practice, as well as challenges, trends and opportunities for tourism specific SEA are identified. Shortcomings of SEA in tourism planning are established and implications for future research are outlined. - Highlights: ► The extent of tourism specific SEA practice is identified. ► Selected SEA/Tourism reports are evaluated. ► SEA application to tourism planning is still limited. ► A number of shortcomings can be pointed out.
[en] Climate is an important tourism resource and a vital component of the attractiveness of a destination. Climate has a strong impact on supply and demand in the tourism industry. Most studies concerning the distribution of tourism climate resources are based on point measurements from meteorological stations. Tourism climate distribution maps with high resolution are required. In this paper, the tourism climate index (TCI) and spatial interpolation based on polynomial regression are used to analyze the distribution of summer tourism climate resources in China. The results indicate that there exists an obvious positive linear relationship between the TCI and latitude and a quadratic relationship between the TCI and elevation. The tourism climate is unfavorable in 8% of the study area, acceptable in 34% of the study area, good and very good in 36% of the study area, and excellent in 22% of the study area. From the perspective of climate, the places comfortable for summer tourism are mainly concentrated to the north of 35°N, on the second elevation step, and in the temperate continental climate zone. The tourism climate information provided is accurate at the 90% level for most areas.
[en] Highlights: • Resource users in the Great Barrier Reef trust some sources of reef-related information more than others. • For some information sources, trust is differentiated with respect to age, residential location, and stakeholder group. • Commercial fishers reported the lowest levels of trust in most information sources. - Abstract: Trust is an important element of social capital that is increasingly recognized as integral to effective natural resource management, yet the concept remains relatively unexplored in the environmental social sciences. In large, complex resource systems where numerous and diverse stakeholders receive information from a variety of sources, managers must make efficient use of limited financial and human resources by communicating effectively with the public and targeting engagement efforts to build trust where needed. Using Australia’s Great Barrier Reef (GBR) as a case study, we investigated to what degree stakeholders trust reef-related information from five sources: research institutions, non-government organizations (NGOs), the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), industry groups, and friends, family and coworkers. Additionally, we explored whether trust is demographically differentiated among resource users (n = 2985), considering four demographic variables: age, gender, residential location (north, central, and south), and stakeholder group (tourism operators, commercial fishers, indigenous residents, and non-indigenous residents). Overall, research institutions were the most trusted source of information, followed by friends, family, and coworkers, NGOs, the GBRMPA, and industry groups. Trust did not differ with gender, and was negatively related to age for all sources of information except friends, family and coworkers. Stakeholders living in the northern GBR region were less trusting of research institutions compared to those living in the central and southern regions. Finally, for most information sources, trust was differentiated across stakeholder groups, with commercial fishers reporting the lowest levels of trust in the GBRMPA, research institutions, and non-government organizations. In demonstrating the heterogeneous nature of trust in the GBR, this study presents a necessary first step towards developing targeted strategies to build trust, improve communication, and promote stewardship in a large, complex natural resource system.